Visual Displays and Automation

Report
Basic
Definitions
CAPT James R. Fraser
Naval Safety Center
The Naval Aviation
Safety Program
 To
preserve human and material
resources and eliminate hazards
 OPNAVINST 3750.6R
Definitions
 HAZARD
 Cause of damage or injury
 Synonymous with mishap cause factors
 UNDER HUMAN CONTROL
 All hazards can be eliminated
 INTENT
FOR FLIGHT
 Prerequisite for classification as mishap
 Aircraft brakes released, or first motion of
cat
 Until taxi clear of runway or weight on
wheels
What is a
Naval Aircraft Mishap?
 Unplanned
events involving Naval air:
$10,000 or more of damage
Injury causing at least one lost workday
 Exceptions:
Intentional
Criminal damage
FOD
Occupational illness
Injury during planned egress
When is a Mishap Over?
 If
fires are out and the area is safe
 If pyrotechnics are secured
 If survivors are safely rescued
 If severely injured survivors are
under medical care
 If fatalities have been recovered
Damage and Injury
 Mishap
damage or injury
 “Other” damage or injury
 Damage less than that of a mishap
 In the course of a mishap, not causal
 Physical
Injuries
 Bodily harm while involved with
Naval Air, resulting in:




Fatality
Permanent total disability
Permanent partial disability
One or more lost workdays
Injury Classification
 Fatal
Injury
 Permanent Total Disability
 Permanent Partial Disability
Injury Classification

Permanent Total Disability
 Results in total incapacitation OR
 Loss of both hands, both eyes

Permanent Partial Disability
 Results in permanent impairment OR
 Loss of any part of the body, great toe,
thumb, with exceptions:
 Teeth
 Four
smaller toes
 Distal phalanx of any finger, 2 of little finger
 Repairable hernia
 Subcutaneous tissue
Injury Classification
 Lost
Workday Injury: an injury resulting
in one or more lost workdays
 Major:
 >5






lost workdays, requires hospitalization OR
Unconsciousness >5 minutes due to head trauma
Fx of any bone
Traumatic dislocation of major joints
Moderate to severe lacs resulting in hemorrhage
Injury to any internal organ
Any 3rd degree burn, or 1st/2nd over 5%
 Minor:

Injury less than major, results in >1 lost workday
Injury Classification
 First Aid Injury
 No Injury
 Lost at Sea/Missing
 Missing/Unknown
Class A Mishap
 Aircraft
destroyed or missing
 Fatality or
 Permanent Total Disability
 Total cost $1,000,000
Class B Mishap
 An
injury resulting in permanent
partial disability
 Hospitalization of 5 or more
personnel
 Total cost $200,000 to $1,000,000
Class C Mishap
 An
injury resulting in one or more
lost workdays
 Total
cost $10,000 to $200,000
Mishap Categories
 Flight
Mishap
 $10,000 or more damage
 Intent for Flight
 Flight
Related Mishap
 Less than $10,000 aircraft damage
 Intent for Flight
 $10,000 total damage or injury
 Aircraft
Ground Mishap
 No intent for flight
 $10,000 total damage or injury
Aircraft Mishap Board
 Each Naval FM, FRM, and AGM
shall be investigated in accordance
with 3750.6 by an Aviation Mishap
Board (AMB)
 Mishap investigation and
reporting shall take precedence
over all other duties of members
Aircraft Mishap Board
Membership: Minimum of 4:
 Flight surgeon
 Aviation Safety Officer
 Officer qualified in aircraft
maintenance
 Officer qualified in aircraft
operations
Aircraft Mishap Board
 Personnel directly involved in
the mishap shall not serve on the
AMB
 For mishaps involving aircraft
with crew, at least one member of
AMB shall be NATOPS-qualified
pilot
 Individual with personal
interests that might conflict with
impartial AMB duties shall not be
assigned to AMB
Aircraft Mishap Board
 Under no circumstances may an
expected endorser of an MIR serve
as an AMB member
 AMB members may not serve on
other investigations (JAG)
Aircraft Mishap Board
 Officers from other services are
authorized to serve on AMB, but
may not be the Senior Member
 Individuals whose expertise is
not needed may be excused at the
prerogative of the Senior Member
Aircraft Mishap Board
The Senior Member
 Naval Aviator or Naval Flight
Officer
 Senior to the PIC and Mission
Commander involved in the mishap
 On all Class As, appointed by
aircraft controlling custodian
 On all Class As, Grade O-5 or
higher and a graduate of ASO/ASC
Aircraft Mishap Board
 Each squadron maintains a
standing AMB to immediately
assume investigation
responsibilities
 It may be replaced entirely, in
part, or not at all
 Members shall maintain
knowledge of 3750.6, Guide to
Mishap Investigation, squadron
safety program, and squadron
premishap plan
Privilege
One of the AMB’s most
important tools
Responsibility of each AMB
member to understand:
Information from AMB’s
work is privileged
May be used only to
improve Naval Aviation
safety
Consultants to the AMB
Often requires the services
of specialized personnel
Technical reps
Medical experts
 Only necessary
information will be given to
consultants
Privileged information will
be limited to AMB members
Hazard Reporting
 Purposes
of HAZREPS
 Report hazard and action taken
 Report hazard and recommend
corrective action
 Report hazard so corrective
action can be determined
Hazard Report or MIR?
HAZREP:
 Potential hazard only
 Actual damage or injury < mishap level
 If discovered during mishap
investigation
 Not a causal factor of mishap, and
 NOT causal of other damage or injury
MIR:
 Actual damage or injury at mishap level
 If discovered during mishap
investigation
 Not a causal factor of mishap, but
Hazard Reports with
Special Formats
 Bird (and bat) strikes
 Near midair collisions
 Embarked landing hazards
 Physiological episodes
Physiological Episode
Hazard Reporting
 Proven or suspected hypoxia
 CO poisoning/toxic exposure
 Decompression sickness/trapped gas
reaction
 Hyperventilation
 Spatial disorientation
 Loss of consciousness
 Rapid decompression to FL 250
 Other physiological problems
 HAZREP SHOULD INCLUDE FS!!!
Any HAZREP:
SHALL NOT CONTAIN PRIVILEGED
INFO!
 May be sent to NSC only if
reluctant to report
 All severe risk HAZREPS within 24
hrs
 All others within 30 days
 COMMAND MAY NOT CENSURE OR
EDIT HAZREPS

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