Ropes I28.1

SFFMA Objectives: 28-02.01 – 28-02.03
6Hrs received
SFFMA Objectives
 28-02.01 Trainee, given the proper rope, shall demonstrate the bight, loop, round turn,
and half hitch as used in tying knots and hitches.
 28-02.03 Trainee shall demonstrate the technique of inspection, cleaning, maintaining,
storage, safety procedures, and reasons for placing a rope out of service.
 28-02.02 Trainee, using an approved knot, shall hoist any selected forcible entry tool,
ground ladder, or appliance to a height of at least 20':
 A. a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch dry hose with nozzle attached
 B. a 2½ inch or 3 inch dry hose with nozzle attached
 C. a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch charged hose
 D. an axe
 E. a 6' or 8' pike pole
 F. a single 14' or 16' (wall) ladder
 G. a 10' collapsible ladder
 H. a 14' combination ladder
 I. working as a member of a team, a 24' extension ladder
 J. a 15 lb. CO2 fire extinguisher
 K. a 20 lb. dry chemical fire extinguisher
 L. an electric smoke ejector
 M. a pair of bolt cutters
Knot Characteristics
 To be suitable for rescue, must be easy to tie and untie,
be secure under load, reduce rope’s strength minimally
 Rope’s strength reduced whenever bent
 Bight, loop, round turn — Bends in rope
 Knots, hitches formed by combining bending
Firefighter I
Knot Elements
 Bight — Formed by bending rope back on itself while
keeping sides parallel
Firefighter I
Knot Elements
 Loop — Made by crossing side of bight over standing
Firefighter I
Knot Elements
 Round turn — Consists of further bending one side of
Firefighter I
Commonly Used Knots
 Half-hitch
 Particularly useful in stabilizing
tall objects being hoisted;
always used with another
knot or hitch
 Formed by making round turn around object
 Several can be applied in succession if required
Firefighter I
Removing Life-Safety Rope From
 Life-safety rope that fails to pass inspection or has
been impact loaded should be destroyed immediately
 Destroy = Altered in such a manner that it cannot be
mistaken for life-safety rope
Firefighter I
Removing Life-Safety Rope From
 Rope subjected to impact loading must have entry
made in log because there is no way to determine by
inspection if it has been impact loaded
Firefighter I
General Rope Maintenance
 Inspect all types after each use
 Unused should be inspected at least annually
 Inspect visually and by touch
 Inspect for foreign objects; if found, take out of service
 All inspections documented in log
Firefighter I
Types of Rope — Maintenance
 Kernmantle rope
 Laid rope
 Braided rope
 Braid-on-braid rope
Firefighter I
Maintaining Rope Log
 When rescue rope
is purchased, it
must be permanently
 Record must be
started and kept
throughout rope’s
working life
Firefighter I
Cleaning Rope
 Methods vary by
manufacturer; contact for
specific instructions
 Natural fibers
 Synthetic fibers
Firefighter I
General Rope Storage
 Can be stored in coils or rope bags
 Should be stored in clean, dry spaces with adequate
 Not exposed to chemical contaminants
 Not stored in same space with gasoline-powered tools,
spare fuel
Firefighter I
Bagging Rope
 Best method for life-safety rope is to place in storage
 Bag makes rope easy to transport, protects rope from
 Advantage of storing synthetic rope in bag is that rope
can be deployed quickly
Firefighter I
Bagging Rope
 Weight of the rope
inside bag carries
it toward target
and rope pays out
as bag travels
through air
 Bag may have drawstring and shoulder straps for ease
in carrying
Firefighter I
Coiling/Uncoiling Rope
 Coiling necessary so rope may be placed into service
with minimum delay important in fire service
 Improperly coiled rope may become tangled and fail to
Firefighter I
Using Rope for Hoisting
 One of most common uses of
rope in fire service — Raise or
lower tools and pieces of
equipment from one elevation to
Firefighter I
Using Rope for Hoisting
 Thorough knowledge of knots, hitches makes this a
safe, efficient practice
 Anything with closed-type D-ring handle can be
raised, lowered with bowline or figure-eight bend
 Hoisting pressurized cylinders not recommended
Firefighter I
Using Rope for Hoisting
 Using proper knots, securing procedures helps prevent
dropping of equipment
 Separate guideline may be tied to any of these pieces of
equipment; objects may also be tied in center of rope
Firefighter I
Hoisting Safety — General
 Have solid footing, make
necessary preparations
 Use hand-over-hand method
 Use edge roller or padding
 Work in teams
Firefighter I
Hoisting Safety — General
 Look to ensure all personnel clear of hoisting area
 Avoid hoisting operations near electrical hazards
 Secure nozzles of charged hoselines
 Use guideline to help control object being hoisted
Firefighter I
Hoisting Safety
 Hoisting
 Axe
 Pike pole
 Ladder
 Hoselines
 Portable fans
 Power saw
Firefighter I
Practical Exercise
 Instructor will choose separate items for each firefighter
 Firefighter using an approved knot, shall hoist any selected
forcible entry tool, ground ladder, or appliance to a height
of at least 20':
a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch dry hose with nozzle attached
a 2½ inch or 3 inch dry hose with nozzle attached
a 1½ inch or 1¾ inch charged hose
an axe
a 6' or 8' pike pole
a single 14' or 16' (wall) ladder
a 15 lb. CO2 fire extinguisher
a pair of bolt cutters

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