Natural Gas for Transportation in Wisconsin

Natural Gas for
Transportation in
Maria Redmond
Wisconsin State Energy Office
MG&E Breakfast Seminar
Madison, WI
April 25, 2013
Wisconsin State Energy Office (SEO)
The SEO works with policy makers, businesses interested in energy
opportunities, innovators, public/private initiatives and federal
agencies to implement cost‐effective, reliable, balanced and
environmentally‐friendly clean energy projects.
The SEO’s Mission is to invest in Wisconsin
• Increasing energy efficiency;
• Developing renewable and alternative energy sources;
• Promoting energy-related economic development &
jobs; and
• Reducing reliance on imported oil.
The SEO manages over $85 million in
federal energy-related grants and loans
Dane County Landfill Bio-CNG
Economics: WI Petroleum Use
• Wisconsin has no fossil fuel deposits
• Wisconsin has one small oil refinery
• Petroleum is Wisconsin’s largest energy expenditure
Source: Wisconsin Energy Statistics 2010 Energy Expenditure Figure on Page 131 (right)
Fossil Fuel use in Transportation
• 2011 On-road diesel consumption:
736.7 million gallons
• 2011 On-road gasoline consumption:
2.5 billion gallons
• Cost WI consumers $11.8 billion for
gasoline and diesel
• ~$1.3 million (~11%) stays in WI
Source: WI State Energy Office Annual Energy Statistics Report
Wisconsin Registered Vehicles
Fuel Type
Vehicles as of
December 31, 2011
Vehicles as of
December 31, 2012
Ethanol (E85) Flexible Fuel
Hybrid Electric
Propane (LPG)
Compressed Natural Gas
Source: *As of March 2012, State Energy Office/DMV Registration Database
Natural Gas
Benefits and Considerations
Energy Security
Plentiful in U.S.
Existing infrastructure (distribution)
US largest producer
Driving Range
Shorter than gasoline
Comparable power and speed
Public Health and Environment
Lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
Lower particulate pollution
Lower carcinogens
Proven and established
120,000+ natural gas vehicles in U.S.
Energy Security
• New technology has unlocked natural gas from shale; production has
increased dramatically – 100 years
Basics: CNG and LNG
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
Stored in onboard tanks under high pressure
Fuel economy similar to gasoline
1 GGE = 5.7 lb CNG
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
Kept at cold temperatures
Stored in double-wall, vacuum-insulated
pressure vessels
Heavy-duty vehicles
1 GGE = 1.5 gal LNG
Basics: Natural Gas Vehicles
Dedicated Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV)
Run only on natural gas
Better performance
Lower emissions
Bi-fuel NGVs
Two fueling systems
Natural gas
Fueling flexibility
Dual-fuel NGVs
Run on diesel and natural gas
Heavy-duty vehicles only
Basics: Natural Gas Vehicles
Fleet Applications
Light-Duty NGVs
Suitable for light-duty needs in private and
government fleets
Honda Civic GX
Medium-Duty NGVs
Vans and shuttles
Airports and taxi fleets
Heavy-Duty NGVs
Refuse haulers
Transit buses
School buses
Long-haul trucks
Street sweepers
Short-haul delivery trucks
Natural Gas Vehicles for America
Best CNG Applications
• High fuel use vehicles with return to base
• Repetitive route
• Pre-set geographic operating areas
• Fleet implementation will drive consumer
market as infrastructure becomes available
CNG Fueling
Time-Fill Fueling
Good for centrally-based fleets with consistent schedules
CNG is dispensed slowly, often overnight
Lower cost investment
Fast-Fill Fueling
Fueling takes place in minutes
Necessary for public-access stations
Good for vehicles with little downtime
Combo-Fill Fueling
Time-fill and fast-fill
More flexibility in fueling
Wisconsin CNG Stations
• 26 public CNG stations
throughout the state.
• 6 private CNG stations
- 2 private biogas stations
• 1 public LNG stations
• Anticipate 200-300 new
station within the next 5 yrs
Wisconsin CNG Station Map
Source: USDOE EERE Alternative Fuels Data Center
Economics: WI Transportation
Gasoline/Diesel Prices
create uncertainty for fleets
due to price volatility
Current natural gas prices
are dramatically lower than
petroleum fuels
• Recently extended 0.55
per gallon tax credit has
also driven down prices
CNG Prices 9/12/12
Wisconsin’s Role
Natural Gas is an attractive energy source from an economic, energy
security and environmental perspective
So why didn’t everyone get here on natural gas?
• Domestic natural gas supplies have only increased recently
• Limited OEM and conversion options for vehicles
• It will take some time to overcome the problem of supply (retail
infrastructure) and demand (vehicle availability) to meet the needs
in the marketplace
State Programs to
Support Advances
in Transportation
Fuels and Vehicles
NEW! Forwarding Wisconsin's Fuel Choice
$500,000 award from USDOE Clean Cities Grant Program
Program Team – SEO, Wisconsin Clean Cities and WI
Technical College System
Goals to expand alternative fuels use by:
- Expand accessibility to alternative fuels off highways;
- offer training for first responders, public safety officers,
and permitting officials; and
- assist public fleets in developing and implementing
petroleum reduction strategies and policies.
Launch in Q1 2013
Wisconsin Clean
Transportation Program
$300 million USDOE Clean Cities Grant Program
25 awards across the US, WI received largest award
$15 million awarded to WI
36 partners, 315 vehicles, 18 alternative fuel locations
Additional $17 million leveraged by public and private fleets
• Reduction of Petroleum Use in Transportation
• Cleaner Air Through Reduced Emissions
• Acceptance of Alternative Fuels
• Acceptance of Advanced Vehicle Technology
More Information
Wisconsin State Energy Office
Wisconsin Clean Cities website
Alternative Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data Center
Natural Gas Vehicles for America
Thank you!
Maria Redmond
[email protected]

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