Ch.9 Guided Reading Answersx

Report
Ch. 9
Guided Reading Answers
muckrakers
Ida Tarbell – History of the Standard Oil
Company
Upton Sinclair – The Jungle
WCTU
Eugene V. Debs
Prohibition
Socialist Party
of America
Carrie Nation
Creating
Economic
Reform
Promoting
Moral
Improvement
Scientific
management
Progressive
Reforms
Frederick W.
Taylor
Promoting
Social Welfare
Creating Political
Reform
Florence
Kelley
Reformers
Mayors
Hazen Pingree-Detroit
Tom Johnson - Cleveland
Governors
Robert M. LaFollette - Wisconsin
Hiram Johnson – California
James Hogg- Texas
Illinois
Factory Act
1893
YMCA, Salvation Army,
It established a variety of public institutions
settlement houses, Florence such as parks, settlement house, passage of
the Illinois Factory Act.
Kelley.
Women’s Christian Temperance
involved the adoption of prohibition
Union, Frances Willard, and the
by many towns and state
Anti-Saloon League.
governments.
Eugene V. Debs, the American
public exposure of corruption.
Socialist Movement and muckrakers
such as Ida Tarbell and Upton Sinclair.
Frederick W. Taylor, Henry
Ford, and Ford Motor.
National Child Labor
Committee; Louis Brandies;
Florence Kelley; Josephine
Goldman
Mayors Hazen Pingree,
Tom Johnson
: wide spread adoption of the theory of
scientific management, the Ford
assembly line, and the “Five Dollar Day”.
Keating-Owen Act; state child labor laws;
Muller v. Oregon; Bunting v. Oregon;
workers compensation law
Adoption of the commission system and
city-manager forms of government and
property tax reforms.
Wisconsin laws that managed to
Robert M La Follette,
Charles B. Aycock, James regulate the railroads
Hogg
Williams S. U’Ren
Widespread adoption of the secret
ballot, initiative, referendum, recall,
and direct primary and passage of the
17th Amendment.
Agricultural;
domestic;
manufacturing
White collar jobs
Agricultural; domestic; Agricultural; domestic;
piecework; taking in
boarders;
manufacturing
New women’s college’s established
Marriage was no longer a woman’s only alternative; offered opportunities to
pursue a profession; offered opportunities to devote oneself to volunteer work
and reform movement
Tried to convince state
Legislatures to grant
women
The right to vote
Pursued court cases to
test the Fourteenth
Amendment
Wyoming, Utah, Colorado,
and Idaho granted women
the right to vote; efforts
failed in other states failed
The Supreme Court ruled
that women were citizens,
but that citizenship did
not automatically confer
the right to vote
Campaigned for a national
constitutional amendment
to grant women the right
to vote
PROBLEM
What steps did Roosevelt take
to solve each problem?
Which legislation helped solve
the problem?
Roosevelt : Called both sides
to the White House to
negotiate; threatened to take
over the mines
None.
Roosevelt: Filed suits under
the Sherman Antitrust Act
against many trusts.
Sherman Antitrust Act
Roosevelt: Urged Congress to
strengthen the Interstate
Commerce Act; fought for
passage of the Elkins Act and
Hepburn Act
Interstate Commerce Act ,
Elkins Act and Hepburn Act
Roosevelt: Appointed a
commission to study the
meatpacking industry; pushed
for passage of the Meat
Inspection Act.
Meat Inspection Act; Pure Food
and Drug Act
Roosevelt: Promoted conservation of
natural resources; set aside thousand
of acres of forest reserves, waterpower sites, wildlife sanctuaries, and
national parks. Named a conservative
to the head of the U.S. Forest Service
Roosevelt: None or appointed an
African American as head of
Charleston, South Carolina
customhouse; refused to dismiss an
African American postmistress in
Mississippi; invited Booker T.
Washington to dinner
Legislation: National Reclamation Act
(Newlands Act)
Legislation: None
Progressives
Conservatives
Progressives: Opposed Taft because
he had signed and defended the
Payne-Aldrich Tariff, seemed to
oppose conservation, and supported
conservative boss Joseph Cannon
Conservatives: Supported Taft
because they opposed progressivism,
Roosevelt, and low tariffs and
because they favored big business.
Progressives: Progressive or Bull
Moose Party
Conservatives: Republican Party
Progressive
Party
Republican
Party
Theodore
Roosevelt
William
Howard Taft
Supported
government
action to
supervise big
business, but did
not oppose all big
business
monopolies.
Favored big
business, but
worked to break
up monopolies
Democratic
Party
Socialist Party
Woodrow
Wilson
Eugene V. Debs
Supported small
business and free
market
competition
Felt that big
business was evil
and that the
solution involved
doing away with
capitalism and
distributing
wealth.
What were the aims of each piece of legislation or constitutional amendment?
Set up the Federal Trade Commission with the power to investigate corporations and
unfair business practices.
Strengthened the Sherman Anti Trust Act: Freed labor unions and farm organizations from
antitrust laws; prohibited most injunctions against strikers
Substantially reduced tariff rates for the first time since the Civil War
Legalized a federal income tax
Established the Federal Reserve System, a decentralized private banking system under
federal control
Increased activism of local and grass roots groups; the use of new strategies to build
enthusiasm; regeneration of the national movement under Carrie Chapman Catt
19th Amendment
Opposed federal anti lynching legislation; appointed segregationists to
his cabinet; failed to oppose the resegregation of federal offices.

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