GEOLOGICAL ORIGINS Formed 200 million years ago Created as waves of sand dunes were deposited over an extremely dry period The dunes were then deposited to depths of up to 1,000 feet Over the next 100 million years, the formations were buried by an additional 5000 feet of strata These pressures then consolidated and hardened the rock of the formations. NATURAL HISTORY Biome: Desert Climates: Extremely hot summers, moderately cold nights year round, generally low precipitation, spring weather varies, fall weather has mild climate, winter weather varies Dominant Wildlife: • Great Horned Owls • Deer • Elks • Eagles • Lizards ENDEMIC, THREATENED, AND ENDANGERED SPECIES Endemic species: • Bonniville Cutthroat Trout • Gila Monster • Pygmy Faded Rattlesnake • Utah Mountain Kingsnake Threatened species: • Desert tortoise Endangered Species: • Utah Prairie Dog • Utah valvata (Snail) HUMAN HISTORY • Rainbow Bridge for many decades has been believed to be a sacred religious site for American Indians. Some of the American Indian religions consider arches and bridges to be gateways through which souls enter or leave the earth. Presidents were also effected and touched by this national monument. • The reason why we should protect Rain Bridge is because Navajo belief suggests that Rainbow Bridge is a symbol of deities responsible for creating rain, the essence of life in the desert. We should protect it for its cultural purposes, its importance to Navajo culture and also its aesthetic purpose it serves to all people who visit it. • The agencies that protect Rainbow bridge are the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area and the EPA (environmental protection agency) THREATS AND CURES Threats: • Humans • Natural Weathering and Erosion Cures: • Reduce industrialization near the bridge • Begin to plant plants throughout the harmed area VIDEO https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DsK-zg9-31s BIBLIOGRAPHY Works Cited "3 Ways Plants Can Help You Control Erosion." Popular Mechanics. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. Bova, Jon. "Weathering and Erosion." Http://mr-bova.wiki.williamsvillek12.org/. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Erosion and Weathering." National Geographic. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Framework." Framework RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Grand Canyon Guru." Rainbow Bridge National Monument. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. How Large Is Rainbow Bridge?It Is 290 Feet Tall from Its Base to the Top of the Arch. National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 27 Jan. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Juan E. Bahamon, M.D. 3301 S Alameda, Ste 501 Corpus Christi, TX 78411." Gallery. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. National Parks Service. National Parks Service, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "RAINBOW BRIDGE - LAKE POWELL HD." YouTube. YouTube, 07 Oct. 2009. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Rainbow Bridge National Monument." - DesertUSA. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Rainbow Bridge National Monument." National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 11 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Rainbow Bridge National Monument." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Feb. 2014. "Weathering Rock." National Parks Service. National Parks Service, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.