The UC Project Management Institute is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members are available upon request ([email protected]). This program is registered with the AIA-CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. •Sustainable City Policy •Vehicle Fuels in the Fleet •Automotive Technology Careers The City of Santa Monica Report Card 2005 2006 Grade C C+ Effort A A Grade B B- Effort A A Grade C- C Effort A A Grade B+ B Effort C+ B+ Grade B+ A- Effort A A Grade D- D Effort A A Grade B+ A- Effort A A Grade N/A B- Effort A A Alternative Fuels 84% of the municipal fleet has transitioned to alternative fuel. Powered Vehicles # of Vehicles % of Fleet Nat. Gas 265 51% Unleaded 98 19% Biodiesel 81 15% Electric 36 7% Propane- 2% Hybrid 15 3% Propane 12 2% Bi-Fuel 10 2% Hydrogen 5 1% Hybrid- 3% Bi-Fuel- 2% Hydrogen- 1% Flex Fuel- 0.2% Plug-In Hybrid0.2% Plug-In Hybrid 1 0.2% Flex Fuel 1 0.2% TOTALS 524 100% FUEL Unleaded- 19% Biodiesel- 15% Electric- 7% Nat. Gas- 51% Big Blue Bus is 50% LNG and 50% biodiesel Petroleum Gasoline and diesel fuels • Evil, death and destruction • The end is near • $15.00 per gallon • Cheap oil stops competing fuels 98 vehicles or 19% of the fleet Natural Gas • CNG – Compressed Natural Gas easier, less storage space • LNG – Liquefied Natural Gas longer range • Wide variety of vehicles and engines available • Safe 265 vehicles or 51% of the fleet Natural Gas • • • • • Cleanest ICE production car - Honda Civic GX Cheaper than petroleum Fossil Fuel, but can be renewable Domestically abundant Infrastructure throughout California 265 vehicles or 51% of the fleet Liquid Propane Gas AKA – Propane, LPG • BBQs, RV appliances, forklifts and trucks • Stations are everywhere • Cleaner and cheaper than petroleum • Fossil fuel • Abundant for now 12 vehicles or 2% of fleet Biodiesel • Sustainable & domestic • Low emissions, except NOx • Blended w/ petroleum • Feedstock? 81 vehicles or 15% of fleet Ethanol • Flex-Fuel • The short-term for Ford and GM • No infrastructure in CA • Emissions and production questions 1 vehicles or 0.2% of fleet Hydrogen • H-ICE = hydrogen internal combustion engine • FC = Fuel Cell • Expensive • Most abundant element • Long term solution? 5 vehicles – 1% of fleet Electricity • EV – electric vehicle • NEV – neighborhood electric vehicle • Batteries • “Who Killed the Electric Car?” 36 vehicles or 7% of fleet Hybrids • Blend of two of more power sources 15 vehicles or 3% of fleet • Gasoline - Electric • Bi-Fuel, Dual-Fuel, Blends 10 vehicles or 2% of fleet • Diesel - Hydraulic • Plug-In Hybrid Plug-In Hybrids • Any fuel can be used for the engine • EnergCS Prius • All electric under 35 MPH • 100 MPG highway • Plug-in refuse truck 1 vehicles or 0.2% of fleet The City of Santa Monica [email protected] (310) 458-8514 Thank You! QUESTIONS? This concludes the American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems Program. Insert your company/campus/agency name or logo Website, Phone, etc.