the halal and haram principle in islam topic

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VS
LEARNING OUTCOME
AT THE END OF THE SESSION, LEARNERS WILL BE
ABLE TO:
1.
DIFERENTIATE THE DEFINATION OF HALAL
AND HARAM
2. LIST THE 2 PRINCIPLES OF HALAL AND HARAM
IN ISLAM
WHAT IS PRINCIPLE???
WHAT IS HALAL???
WHAT IS HARAM???
WHAT IS PRINCIPLE OF HALAL
AND HARAM???
PRINCIPLE
Law or rule that has to be, or usually is
to be followed, or can be desirably
followed, or is an inevitable
consequence of something, such as the
laws of nature or the way that a device
is constructed
DEFINITION
 HALAL
 IS AN ARABIC WORD WHICH MEANS ‘PERMITTED’
OR ‘LAWFUL’
 THINGS OR ACTIONS PERMITTED BY SHARIAH LAW
WITHOUT PUNISHMENT IMPOSED ON THE DOER
 HARAM
 IS AN ARABIC WORD WHICH MEANS ‘PROHIBITED’
OR ‘UNLAWFUL’ .HARAM ACTIVITIES ARE
FORBIDDEN TO EVERY MUSLIM.
 EXAMPLE: PIG/DOGS, KHMAR, INTOXICANTS,
DRUGS, BLOOD ETC.
THE PRINCIPLE OF HALAL &
HARAM IN ISLAM
1.
ALL THINGS CREATED BY ALLAH S.W.T ARE HALAL,
WITH FEW EXCEPTIONS THAT ARE SPECIFICALLY
PROHIBITED.
2.
TO MAKE HALAL OR HARAM IS THE RIGHT OF
ALLAH ALONE.
3.
THE BASIC REASON FOR THE PROHIBITION OF
THINGS ARE DUE TO IMPURITY AND
HARMFULNESS.
THE PRINCIPLE OF HALAL &
HARAM IN ISLAM (CONT)
4. WHAT IS PERMITTED HALAL IS SUFFICIENT
AND WHAT IS PROHIBITED HARAM IS THEN
SUPERLUOUS.
5.
WHATEVER IS CONDUCIVE TO PROHIBITED HARAM
IS IN ITSELF IS PROHIBITED HARAM.
6. FALSELY REPRESENTING THE UNLAWFUL HARAM AS
LAWFUL HALAL IS PROHIBITED.
7.
DOUBTFUL THINGS SHOULD BE PROHIBITED.
PRINCIPLE 1
1.
ALL THINGS CREATED BY ALLAH S.W.T ARE HALAL,
WITH FEW EXCEPTIONS THAT ARE SPECIFICALLY
PROHIBITED.
PROHIBITED
 PORK/DOG AND ITS FAMILY
 BLOOD
 MEAT OR ANIMAL THAT DIED OF CAUSES OTHER
THAN PROPER SLAUGTHERING ACCORDING TO
THE SHARIAH COMPLIANCE (CARRION)
PROHIBITED
 FOOD THAT HAS BEEN DEDICATED OR
IMMOLATED TO SOMEONE OTHER THEN ALLAH
S.W.T
 KHAMR (WINE)
 INTOXICANTS
 INAPPROPRIATELY USED DRUGS
Surah Al-Mā'idah (The Table
Spread) - ‫سورة المائدة‬
‘Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of
swine, and that which has been dedicated to other
than Allah , and [those animals] killed by strangling or
by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring
of horns, and those from which a wild animal has
eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before
its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone
altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision
through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience’.
(5:3)
Surah Al-Mā'idah-hidangan
makanan
‘Diharamkan bagimu (memakan) bangkai, darah, daging babi,
(daging haiwan) yang disembelih atas nama selain Allah, yang
tercekik, yang terpukul, yang jatuh, yang ditanduk, dan diterkam
binatang buas, kecuali yang sempat kamu menyembelihnya, dan
(diharamkan bagimu) yang disembelih untuk berhala. Dan
(diharamkan juga) mengundi nasib dengan anak panah,
(mengundi nasib dengan anak panah itu) adalah kefasikan. Pada
hari ini orang-orang kafir telah putus asa untuk (mengalahkan)
agamamu, sebab itu janganlah kamu takut kepada mereka dan
takutlah kepada-Ku. Pada hari ini telah Kusempurnakan untuk
kamu agamamu, dan telah Ku-cukupkan kepadamu nikmat-Ku,
dan telah Ku-ridhai Islam itu jadi agama bagimu. Maka barang
siapa terpaksa karena kelaparan tanpa sengaja berbuat dosa,
sesungguhnya Allah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang.’
(QS 5:3)
PRINCIPLE 2
HALAL OR HARAM IS BASED ON THE INJUCTIONS
ARE STATED IN AL-QURAN AND SUNNAH
NO HUMAN BEING, NO MATTER HOW PIOUS OR
POWERFUL, MAY TAKE IT INTO HIS HANDS TO
CHANGE IT
EXAMPLE: IN THE MENU, HOTELS/RESTAURANTS
ARE FORBIDDEN TO MIX THE WINE WITH THE
STEAK THEY PREPARE
AL NAHL(THE BEE) 114-115
Therefore, you shall eat from GOD's provisions
everything that is lawful and good, and be
appreciative of GOD's blessings, if you do worship
Him alone.
Only Four Foods Prohibited
He only prohibits for you dead animals, blood, the
meat of pigs*, and food which is dedicated to other
than GOD. If one is forced (to eat these), without
being deliberate or malicious, then GOD is Forgiver,
Most Merciful.
*The most devastating trichinosis parasite, Trichinella spiralis, (also the pork tapeworm
Taenia solium) survives in the meat of pigs, not the fat. More than 150,000 people are infected
annually in the United States
AL NAHL(lebah) -115
‘Sesungguhnya Allah hanya mengharamkan atasmu
(memakan) bangkai, darah, daging babi dan apa
yang disembelih dengan menyebut nama selain
Allah; tetapi barangsiapa yang terpaksa
memakannya dengan tidak menganiaya dan tidak
pula melampaui batas, maka sesungguhnya Allah
Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang’.
Principle 3
 Why prohibited?
 Due to the impurity and harmfulness
 A muslim is not supposed to question exactly why or
how something is unclean or harmful in what Allah has
prohibited.
 There might be obvious reasons and there might be
obscure reasons.
“ But say not – for any false thing that your tongues may
put forth ,- ‘this is lawful, and this is forbidden,’ so as
to ascribe false things to Allah. For those who ascribe
false things to Allah, will never prosper.”
(al-nahl : 116)
Rationale Of Prohibited
 Carrion and death animals are unfit for human
consumption because the decaying process leads to
the formation of chemicals that are harmful to
humans.
 Blood that is drained from an animal contains harmful
bacteria, products of metabolism, and toxins.
 Intoxicants are considered harmful for the nervous
system, affecting the senses and human judgments,
leading to social and family problems and in some
cases even death.
 Swine serves as a vector for pathogenic worms to enter
the human body. Infections by Trichinella Spiralis and
Taenia Solium are common.
Principle 4
What permitted halal is sufficient
& what prohibited haram is
superfluous
Al Quran - Al-Nahl 114-115
So eat of the sustenance which Allah has provided for
you, lawful and good; and be grateful for the favours
of Allah, if it is He Whom ye serve. He has only
forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh
of swine, and any (food) over which the name of
other than Allah has been invoked. But if one is
forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor
transgressing due limits, then Allah is Oft-Forgiving,
Most Merciful.
HEALHTY
LIFE STYLE
What is permitted (HALAL) is
SUFFICIENT
MANY OF
HALAL
LITTLE
BIT OF
HARAM
What is prohibited (HARAM) is the
SUPERFLUOUS
Prohibited only thing that are
unnecessary or dispensable
UNLAWFUL
NEGATIVE
EFFECTS
Faith
Health
Body
Mental
Life
Property
Family
Progeny
Society
ALCOHOL
PIG AND ITS
DERIVATES
CARRION
BLOOD
DERIVATES
•Poisonous
•Intoxicants
•Harmfulness
•Hazardous
•Najs
PROHIBITED
Haram/ Unlawful
Principle 5
 Whatever is conducive to the prohibited (haram) is in
itself is prohibited (haram).
 If something is prohibited, anything leading to it is also
prohibited.
 Eg… the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w cursed not only the
one who drinks intoxicating drinks but also the one who
produces them, the one who serves them, the one to
whom they are served and also the one to whom the
price of them is paid.
Principle 6
 Falsely representing unlawful (haram) as lawful (halal)
is prohibited.
 It is unlawful to make flimsy excuses or to consume
something that is prohibited, such as drinking khamr
for supposedly medical reasons.
 Calling a haram things by name other than its own or
changing its form while retaining its essence is a devious
tactic. It remains sinful.
 Haram still haram
Principle 7
Doubtful things should be
avoided
Hadith Rasulullah
 "Halal is clear and Haram is clear; in between
these two are certain things that are suspected.
Many people may not know whether those items are
Halal or Haram. Whosoever leaves them, he is
innocent towards his religion and his conscience…
"
(Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim)
HALAL/ LAWFUL
Principle 7
NO HALAL LOGO
DIRTY ENVIROMENT
NO HALAL CERTIFICATION
SYUBHAH/DOUBTFUL
CROSS CONTAMINATION WITH
NAJS
DERIVED FROM ANIMAL/ BONED
UNPROPER HANDLING
IMPURITY
HARAM/ UNLAWFUL
AVOID
Doubtful/ Syubhah
Doubtful/ Syubhah Ingredients
GELATINE
A
•BINDING FOAMING AGENT, STABILIZER, CREAMING AND
GELLING
•ICE CREAM, BAKERY PRODUCTS, GEL CAPSULES
LECITHIN
V
•EXTRACTED FROM EGG YORK, ANIMAL FAT
•USED AS EMULSIFIER, SURFACTANT AND LUBRICAT
GLYCERIDES O
•USED AS EMULSIFIER
•IN PRODUCT ICE CREAM, BAVERAGES, SHORTENING,
MARGERINE
ENZYMES
WHEY
I
D
•PROTEIN SUBSTANCE EXTRACTED FROM ANIMALS
•USE IN CHEESE, BABY FOOD, DAORY PRODUCTS AND JUICES
•BY PRODUCT OF CHEESE
• USED IN ICE CREAM, BAKERY PRODUCTS, NUTRITIONAL
SUPPLEMENT
Therefore…
WHEN IT DOUBT,
LEAVE IT OUT!!!
(but it an opportunity for new knowledge)
FOOD PRODUCTION PROCESS FLOWCHART
HALALAN THOYIBBAN
MANAGEMENT
RECEIVE
SUPPLIER
PROCESSING
AND
HANDLING
STORAGE
DELIVERY
CONSUMER
Halal Guide Book Guide for Food Producers,
Summary
 What permitted halal is sufficient will give
benefits
 What prohibited haram is superfluous cause
negative effects
 Avoided all things that syubhah it can lead to
haram
 Raw materials, ingredients, process, handling,
hygiene (toyibbah)
Q&A
uestio
n
nswer
THANK YOU
MAY ALLAH BLESS ALL OF US

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