Hydraulic Fracturing in New Mexico

Report
Presented by Steve Henke, President
New Mexico Oil & Gas Association
What is Hydraulic Fracturing

 Long used form of well completion that along with
horizontal drilling has been a game changer for natural
gas development in the United States.
 Hydraulic fracturing is a process used in nine out of ten
natural gas wells in the United States, where water, sand
and chemicals are pumped underground to break apart
the rock and release the gas or oil.
 Horizontal drilling combined with multi-stage hydraulic
fracturing has brought the U.S. a 100-year supply of
natural gas.
 Hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling make
previously marginal reserves economically recoverable.
Hydraulic Fracturing Job

Water Sources

 Surface water
 Fresh water wells
 Municipal systems
 Reuse of flowback
 All from permitted sources
Flowback and Disposition Options

 Temporary storage (tanks or lined pits)
 Treatment at production facilities
 Class II disposal wells
 Commercial disposal wells
 Municipal or commercial treatment plants
 All permitted/approved by appropriate regulatory
agencies at the state level
Fracturing Fluids

 Many different formulation
depending on specifics of
formation being completed
 Fluids create fissures
 Fissures kept open with
propant (sand)
 Allow natural gas and oil to flow
Regulation

 New Mexico Oil Conservation Division
 Well Design and Construction
 Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Disclosure
 Disposal of Flowback
Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Product Component Information Disclosure
Fracture Date
State:
County:
API Number:
Operator Name:
Wall Name and Number:
Longitude:
Latitude:
Long/Lat Projection:
Production Type:
True Vertical Depth (TVD):
Total Water Volume (gal)*:
6/13/11
New Mexico
Lea
30-025-32038
Devon Energy Corp
Kachina 5 Fed #5
-103.69008
32.7709
NAD27
Oil
11,039
54,684
Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Compostion:
Trade Name
Water
Supplier
Ingredients
Chemical
Maximum
Maximum Comments
Abstract Service Ingredient
Ingredient
Number (CAS #) Concentratio Concentratio
n in Additive n in HF Fluid
(% by
(% by
mass)**
mass)**
Carrier
Water
7732-18-5
100.00%
90.09366%
Frac Sand (All BHI
Meshes)
[CWT]
Proppant
Crystalline Silica (Quartz)
14808-60-7
100.00%
0.76740%
Super LC
BHI
Proppant
Silicon Dioxide (Silica Sand)
Phenol Formaldehyde Resin
Hexamethylenetetramine
14808-60-7
9003-35-4
1009-7-0
97.00%
5.00%
0.01%
2.26382%
0.11669%
0.00023%
GBW-5
BHI
Breaker
Annoinium Persulfate
7727-54-0
100.00%
0.00396%
X-Cide 207
BHI
Biocide
5-Chloro-2-Methyl-4-Isothiazolin-3-One
2-Methyl-4-Isothiazolin-3-One
Magnesium Nitrate
Magnesium Chloride
Diatomaceous Earth, Calcined
Crystalline Silica: Cristobalite
Crystalline Silica: Quartz (SiO2)
26172-55-4
2682-20-4
10377-60-3
7786-30-3
91053-39-3
14464-46-1
14808-60-7
10.00%
5.00%
10.00%
5.00%
60.00%
1.00%
1.00%
0.00083%
0.00042%
0.00083%
0.00042%
0.00498%
0.00008%
0.00008%
Hydrochloric
Acid, 10.1 15%
BHI
Acidizing
Hydrochloric Acid
76-01-0
15.00%
0.86065%
Water
7732-18-5
85.00%
4.87703%
Enzyme G-I
BHI
Breaker
Hemicellulase Enzyme Concentrate
Water
9025-56-3
7732-18-5
3.00%
97.00%
0.00312%
0.10080%
GW-4LDF
BHI
Gellant
Petroleum Distillates Blend
Guar Gum
CBI
9000-30-3
70.00%
40.00%
0.42089%
0.24051%
XLW-4
BHI
Crosslinker
Sodium Borate Decahydrate
1303096-4
30.00%
0.00783%
High Perm
CRB
BHI
Breaker
Ammonium Persulphate
7727-54-0
100.00%
0.00396%
Crystalline Silica Quartz
14808-60-7
15.00%
0.00059%
Non-emulisifier
Isopropanol
67-63-0
100.00%
0.01513%
Iron Control
Thioglycol
60-24-2
100.00%
0.01693%
Cupric Chloride Dihydrate
10125-13-0
100.00%
0.01693%
NE-23
Operator
Purpose
BHI
Ferrotrol 280L BHI
Inflo 250W
BHI
Surfactant
Surfactants
2-Butoxyethanol
Methanol
CBI
111-76-2
67-56-1
80.00%
20.00%
30.00%
0.03008%
0.00752%
0.01128%
ClayCare
BHI
Clay Control
Choline Chloride
Water
67-48-1
7732-18-5
75.00%
30.00%
0.05849%
0.02340%
NE-9000
BHI
Non-emulsifier
Methanol
Nonyl Phenyl Polyethylene Glycol Ether
67-56-1
9016-45-9
30.00%
10.00%
0.02216%
0.00739%
Acigel
BHI
Gellant - Acid
Ethylene Glycol
107-21-1
10.00%
0.00051%
BF-9L
BHI
Buffer
Potassium Hydroxide
13-58-3
15.00%
0.01065%
CI-14
BHI
Corrosion Inhibitor
Methanol
Propargyl Alcohol
Polyoxyalkylenes
Fatty Acids
Oefin
67-56-1
107-19-7
CBI
CBI
CBI
100.00%
5.00%
30.00%
10.00%
5.00%
0.00718%
0.00036%
0.00215%
0.00072%
0.00036%
* Total Water Volume sources may include fresh water, produced water, and/or recycled water
** Information is based on the maximum potential for concentration and thus the total may be over 100%
All component information listed was obtained from the supplier's Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). As such, the Operator is not responsible for innacurate and/or incomplete information.
Any question regarding the content of the MSDS should be directed to the supplier who provided it. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) regulation govern the criteria
for the disclosure of this information. Please bite that Federal Law protects "proprietary", "trade secret", and "confidential business information" and the criteria for how this information is reported
on an MSDS is subject to 29 CFR 1910.1200(i) and Appendix D.
Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Product Component Information Disclosure
Fracture Date
State:
County:
API Number:
Operator Name:
Wall Name and Number:
Longitude:
Latitude:
Long/Lat Projection:
Production Type:
True Vertical Depth (TVD):
Total Water Volume (gal)*:
6/13/11
New Mexico
Lea
30-025-32038
Devon Energy Corp
Kachina 5 Fed #5
-103.69008
32.7709
NAD27
Oil
11,039
54,684
Trade Name
Water
Supplier
Operator
Purpose
Ingredients
Chemical
Maximum
Maximum
Abstract Service
Ingredient
Ingredient
Number (CAS #) Concentration Concentration
in Additive
in HF Fluid
(% by mass)** (% by mass)**
Carrier
Water
7732-18-5
100.00%
90.09366%
Frac Sand (All BHI
Meshes)
[CWT]
Proppant
Crystalline Silica (Quartz)
14808-60-7
100.00%
0.76740%
Super LC
BHI
Proppant
Silicon Dioxide (Silica Sand)
Phenol Formaldehyde Resin
Hexamethylenetetramine
14808-60-7
9003-35-4
1009-7-0
97.00%
5.00%
0.01%
2.26382%
0.11669%
0.00023%
GBW-5
BHI
Breaker
Annoinium Persulfate
7727-54-0
100.00%
0.00396%
Comments
Trade Name
Supplier
Purpose
Ingredients
Chemical
Maximum
Maximum
Comments
Abstract Service
Ingredient
Ingredient
Number (CAS #) Concentration Concentration
in Additive
in HF Fluid
(% by mass)** (% by mass)**
X-Cide 207
BHI
Biocide
5-Chloro-2-Methyl-4-Isothiazolin-3-One
2-Methyl-4-Isothiazolin-3-One
Magnesium Nitrate
Magnesium Chloride
Diatomaceous Earth, Calcined
Crystalline Silica: Cristobalite
Crystalline Silica: Quartz (SiO2)
26172-55-4
2682-20-4
10377-60-3
7786-30-3
91053-39-3
14464-46-1
14808-60-7
10.00%
5.00%
10.00%
5.00%
60.00%
1.00%
1.00%
0.00083%
0.00042%
0.00083%
0.00042%
0.00498%
0.00008%
0.00008%
Hydrochloric
Acid, 10.1 15%
BHI
Acidizing
Hydrochloric Acid
76-01-0
15.00%
0.86065%
Water
7732-18-5
85.00%
4.87703%
Enzyme G-I
BHI
Breaker
Hemicellulase Enzyme Concentrate
Water
9025-56-3
7732-18-5
3.00%
97.00%
0.00312%
0.10080%
GW-4LDF
BHI
Gellant
Petroleum Distillates Blend
Guar Gum
CBI
9000-30-3
70.00%
40.00%
0.42089%
0.24051%
XLW-4
BHI
Crosslinker
Sodium Borate Decahydrate
1303096-4
30.00%
0.00783%
High Perm
CRB
BHI
Breaker
Ammonium Persulphate
7727-54-0
100.00%
0.00396%
Crystalline Silica Quartz
14808-60-7
15.00%
0.00059%
Isopropanol
67-63-0
100.00%
0.01513%
NE-23
BHI
Non-emulisifier
CBI: Confidential Business Information
Trade Name
Supplier
Purpose
Ingredients
Chemical
Maximum
Maximum
Comments
Abstract Service
Ingredient
Ingredient
Number (CAS #) Concentration Concentration
in Additive
in HF Fluid
(% by mass)** (% by mass)**
Ferrotrol 280L BHI
Iron Control
Thioglycol
Cupric Chloride Dihydrate
60-24-2
10125-13-0
100.00%
100.00%
0.01693%
0.01693%
Inflo 250W
BHI
Surfactant
Surfactants
2-Butoxyethanol
Methanol
CBI
111-76-2
67-56-1
80.00%
20.00%
30.00%
0.03008%
0.00752%
0.01128%
ClayCare
BHI
Clay Control
Choline Chloride
Water
67-48-1
7732-18-5
75.00%
30.00%
0.05849%
0.02340%
NE-9000
BHI
Non-emulsifier
Methanol
Nonyl Phenyl Polyethylene Glycol Ether
67-56-1
9016-45-9
30.00%
10.00%
0.02216%
0.00739%
Acigel
BHI
Gellant - Acid
Ethylene Glycol
107-21-1
10.00%
0.00051%
BF-9L
BHI
Buffer
Potassium Hydroxide
13-58-3
15.00%
0.01065%
CI-14
BHI
Corrosion Inhibitor
Methanol
Propargyl Alcohol
Polyoxyalkylenes
Fatty Acids
Oefin
67-56-1
107-19-7
CBI
CBI
CBI
100.00%
5.00%
30.00%
10.00%
5.00%
0.00718%
0.00036%
0.00215%
0.00072%
0.00036%
Trade Secrets

29 CFR 1910.1200 allows for trade secret
protection of certain hydraulic fracturing fluid
components
New Mexico’s Experience

 San Juan and Permian Basins – Unlocking New
Resources
 Completed Wells
 Gas 28,456
 Oil 24,208
 Water Saving Technologies in San Juan
 No evidence linking hydraulic fracturing to ground
water contamination
 What is appropriate risk management?

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