Slide 1

Report
PRESENTATION
ON
GULF OF KHAMBHAT DEVELOPMENT PROJECT(WR)
Kalpasar as a prospective Water solution
- Saurashtra
A Truly Matchless Project
MISSION
VISION
To create world’s largest fresh water reservoir
in sea, by constructing 30 km long dam in the
Gulf of Khambhat, to store more than 10,000
MCM of surface water, i.e. 25% of volume of
State’s average annual rain water inflow.
Per Capita
Per Capita
Availability
Availability
of Water
of Water
(Year 2001)
730 m3/Annum
North 343 m3/Annum
Gujarat
Kutch
PALANPUR
RANN OF
KUTCH
MEHSANA
Bhuj
LITTLE RANN
GANDHINAGAR
AHMEDABAD
Saurashtra
SURENDRANAGAR
540 m3/Annum
GODHRA
KHEDA
VADODARA
JAMNAGAR
RAJKOT
BHAVNAGAR
AMRELI
BHARUCH
JUNAGADH
SURAT
DANG
Central &
South
Gujarat
1880 m3/Annum
VALSAD
Note :
As per M. Falkenmark if renewable freshwater availability falls below 1000 M3 per
capita, water supply begins to hamper health, economy growth and human well being.
Why Project is required ?
1. Gujarat is a water scarce state, with 6.39% of
geographical area, 5% of population & only 2%
of water resources.
2. 71% of water resources available in 25% of
geographical area of central & south Gujarat.
3. In Saurashtra region per capita water
availability is only 540 M3/annum against 1700
m3/annum minimum requirement.
4. In Saurashtra region,only 15 lakh ha
agricultural land will cover under irrigation
(including Sardar Sarovar Project), against 42
lakh ha agricultural land. Hence, 27 lakh ha
agricultural land will remain rainfed.
5. The excessive pumping of groundwater resulted
in intrusion of saline water up to 10 km of entire
coastal belt of Saurashtra.
6. The water storage capacity of Gujarat state is
20480 Mm3 in 196 medium & major reservoirs,
against the total rainwater availability of 38000
MCM per annum.
7. Non availability of any suitable site for major
irrigation scheme in the state, the “Gulf of
Khambhat Development Project” is the only
option available to store 10,000 MCM rainwater.
GULF OF KHAMBHAT DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (W.R.)
Salient features (Tentative)
1 Length of dam between two shores of Gulf Approx. 30 km
2 Top of dam
3 Reservoir features:
(i) Full Reservoir Level(FRL)
(ii) Maximum Water Level(MWL)
(iii) Minimum Draw Down Level(MDDL)
(iv) Live storage
(v) Storage between MWL & FRL
(vi) Reservoir area
100m wide
10 lane road + railway
(+) 3.0m
(+) 4.0m
(-) 4.0m
10500 Mm3
1900 Mm3
2000 Sq.km
4 Bhadbhut Barrage & Narmada
Diversion Canal
(i) Barrage including earthen dykes
10 to 12 km
(ii) Narmada Diversion Canal
Discharge 100000 cusecs
Length 32 km
5 Irrigation Command
(i) Water envisaged for irrigation
6558 Mm3
(ii) Envisaged three garland canal
Discharge 4000 to 6000 cusecs
Length 600 to 700 km
Elevation EL50 m, EL80 m, EL100 m
6 Life of reservoir
400 to 500 years
7 Ground Water Quality
Improvement in Catchment
area
7,00000 Ha
8 Land recover between
EL + 5.0m to EL+ 8.0m
150000 to 200000 ha
9 Reduction in distance
Bhavnagar – Dahej 200 km
Bhavnagar – South Gujarat 225 km
10 Ports
Bhavnagar port will be
rejuvenate, Dahej port will be
outside of reservoir, New
ports are proposed at down
stream of dam.
11 Rivers debouching in the
Sabarmati, Mahi, Dhadhar,
reservoir
Narmada (through diversion
canal), Limbadi Bhogavo,
Sukhbhadar, Utavali, Keri,
and Vagad
12 Construction of dam
5 to 7 years
Estimated Cost of the Project
• Earlier the dam was envisaged between Ghogha
to Hansot having length of 64 km. wherein tidal
power component was combined alongwith
development of fresh water reservoir in the Gulf.
• As per pre-feasibility report of the project, the
cost of project was estimated of Rs. 53,000 crore
(base year 1998) in which the tidal power
component was Rs.33000 crore. Considering,
average 8% inflation per annum present cost
works out to approximate Rs.1,40,000 crore, in
which the tidal power component is Rs.86,000
crore.
• Recently, tidal power component is delinked
from the project and the dam alignment is
shifted northward by 15 km, leads to reduction
of length of dam from 64 km to 30 km & height of
dam is also reduced from 55 m to 35 m.
• Considering above the approximate project cost
at present is Rs. 50,000 to 60,000 crore.
Benefits of the Project
GULF OF KHAMBHAT DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (W.R.)
Irrigation Benefit
Irrigation Benefit
10.54 lakh ha. land in 39 talukas of 6
districts of Saurashtra region will get
irrigation facilities including rejuvenation
of rivers and filling of more than 60
existing dams as well as check dams,
tidal regulators, spreading channels
permanently.
Perceived Agricultural Benefits
Transportation Benefits
Transportation Benefit
• Substantial saving in travel time and fuel due
to reduction in distance by about 200 km
between Bhavnagar and Surat.
• Surat is one of the fastest growing city in the
country and the diamond oriented business
hub of the world.
• Most of the diamond workers (more than 10
lakhs) are migrated from Saurashtra (Mostly,
from Bhavanagr, Amreli district).
• After the completion of dam and Bhadbhut
Barrage, the route from Bhavnagar to Surat
will be Bhavnagar—Dahej—Hansot—Olpad—
Surat.
• New coastal highway will be developed to
connect present petro-chemical hub Hazira
(Surat) to future petro-chemical hub PCPIR
(Dahej).
• 10 lane road is proposed on the top of the
dam. 75000 vehicles per day is estimated for
year 2020, and 1,00,000 vehicles per day for
year 2030.
• The toll-tax generation is estimated
approximately Rs. 1500 crore for year 2020
and Rs. 2000 crore for year 2030.
• Considering 10% I.R.R., Capital investment of
Rs.15,000 crore to Rs. 20,000 crore may likely
available from transport component (30% to
40% cost of the project)
Land Reclamation Benefits
• Gulf of Khambhat is one of the Gulf in world
having maximum tide of 11 m and the average
tide of 8.8 m .
• During the high tide and flood in Narmada, Mahi,
Sabarmati river etc., the sea water rise up to
level of +7.0 m to +8.0 m from MSL.
• After closure of the Gulf of Khambhat, land
which is frequently submerged during high tide
will be permanently opened.
• About 1.5 to 2 lakh ha land along the periphery
of reservoir will be opened which can be used
for the project development.
Land recovery (As per BISAG Study)
Value Addition Of Land
Projects in vicinity of Kalpasar project
•
•
•
•
•
Dholera SIR
Fedara International Airport
PCPIR at Dahej
SEZ, GIDC etc.
Delhi- Mumbai Industrial Corridor
• Proposed 10 lane road for AhmedabadBhavnagar route
• 2000 sq. km world’s biggest fresh water
reservoir (in sea) with 6-lane periphery road of
270 km long
• Solar and Wind power, Tourism, Bio-fuel park,
Transportation,
Fisheries
etc.
project
components / benefits
Benefit -Reduction in Salinity
In coastal region of Saurashtra and
Central Gujarat, saline ground water
will be converted into sweet water,
resulting reduction in inland salinity
Benefit- Port Development on
d/s of Dam
Project presents highly attractive locational
attributes for port development downstream of
the dam such as increased water level, lower
current velocity, reduced sedimentation
NIO MODEL STUDY
i. Model study results show that after the
construction of the dam the tide level
increases at all the port locations.
i. The currents decrease at the locations near
to the dam (Bhavnagar, Ghoga).
i. Sediment transport results indicate that the
sediment concentration reduces in the
southern gulf (outside the dam) with a
maximum reduction at Dahej and Gogha.
Bhavnagar port will be rejuvenated, therefore
this region will be speedily developed
Benefits- Generation of
Non-conventional Energy
Wind and solar power would be
generated which will also be used for
lifting of fresh water of reservoir.
Wind Energy
Wind energy is planned to be used for
pumping of irrigation water. Approximately
250 crore unit will be required for lifting
irrigation water. As per Suzlon study, 1600
MW with an estimated cost of about Rs. 9000
crore can be generated by installing wind
mills/ solar units. Wind mill will have added
benefit
of
construction.
its
installation
after
dam
Benefits-fisheries Development
• Fish production to the tune of 3,00,000
tonnes per annum amounting to Rs.22,500
Million at full development stage
• Direct employment to approximately 1,00,000
beneficiaries and indirect employment to
approximately 3,00,000 beneficiaries.

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