National Human Development
Core Principles and Good Practices
GCC Human Development Workshop
9-11 May 2011– Doha, Qatar
Regional, National and Local HDRs:
More than just Reports
Since 1992, more than 600 National and Local HDRs, as
well as 30 Regional Reports, in more then 130 countries.
• Inspired by the global HDR
• Tool to tailor development strategies to local realities
• Seeing people as the nation’s wealth, end and means
of advancing the development agenda
• Provide new research and disaggregated data
• Offer innovation in concept, measurement, and policy
• Focus on equity, efficiency, empowerment, and
sustainability in policies and the HDR process itself
HDR Policy
• Framework for the development of high quality HDRs
• Reaffirms core principles and standards of influential
national and regional HDRs
• Covers the whole process: preparation, analysis,
advocacy and follow-up.
• NHDRs require different processes in different contexts
• Prepared by the Human Development Report Office
(HDRO) based on the experiences of the global HD
• Support materials and detailed guidance .
HDR Policy: principles
HDRs’ success in influencing national policy and in
meeting the high standards of the HDR flagship depend
on 6 interlinked principles:
National relevance;
Inclusive consultation and engagement;
High quality data, analysis and recommendations;
Strategic presentation;
Sustained advocacy and follow-up.
These principles apply to preparation, content, and
Principle 1: National Relevance
• Theme: respond to pressing national priorities,
overlooked issues and/or emerging challenges - More
effective and innovative if focus on a narrow theme/set of
national issues, and if complement related research.
• Potential for catalytic follow-up and to feed into
country development strategies
• Address country realities and consider national
perspectives on policy issues:
– Promote stakeholder dialogue
– Identify practical policy alternatives
– Target national audiences throughout preparation
– Engage prominent national scholars and thinkers
• When relevant and feasible: sub-national HDRs in
partnership with local authorities.
1. National Relevance: example
Mongolia HDR2003
• topography, climate and geography can cause
development inequalities.
• HDI by urban /rural residency, provinces and
• Recommendations incorporated in the Mongolia
Population Development Policy (promotion of
regional centres and intensive livestock herding).
Mongolia HDR2007
• Introduced the “poverty likelihood ratio” (capture
the link between poverty and employment)
• The National Statistics Office approved new terms
and definitions of labour statistics
• Amendment of the Employment Promotion Law.
2: Inclusive consultation and engagement
• Engage with development stakeholders to influence
policy: government officials, parliamentarians, policy and data
analysis producers, international organisations
• Iterative discussions on report goals and content:
– formal mechanisms: advisory panels and expert groups
– workshops and conferences that engage public, private, and
civil society actors at different levels.
Contribute to national capacities for inclusive debates;
Empower and give voice to targeted groups;
Advocate and raise awareness;
Collect data, inform analysis and validate findings;
Strengthen partnerships to facilitate follow-up.
2: The importance of an inclusive process
•216 events to gauge opinions and
gather voices, proposals and
•4,369 people throughout the
different territories: community
Colombia – Valle
del Cauca subnational HDR
“On the path to
an inclusive and
peaceful Valle del
members, local leaders, civil servants,
government representatives, academics,
businessmen and women, workers, country
workers and farmers, displaced people, the
disabled, those reinserted into society,
women and the elderly, young people,
homosexuals, indigenous people and people
of African descent.
3: Integrity
HDRs’ influence policy depends on the real and
perceived integrity of the report
• objective, non-partisan, evidence-based analysis
based on best available data from a variety of sources
• HDR team: multidisciplinary, drawing on perspectives
and expertise from diverse groups and institutions,
selected for professional reputation and technical skills.
• Peer review by partners with thematic, country,
economic, statistical, expertise.
• Critical, yet constructive, recommendations - avoid
unjustifiable support for a particular policy or ideology.
• Transparency: preparation steps communicated to
stakeholders and summarized in the final HDR text.
• Inclusive process provides legitimacy
3: Capacity Development for Integrity in
Chhattisgarh HDR2005
• Bottom up methodology:
17,000 village-level reports
on key HD issues
State Annual Economic
Survey and Plan
HDR Preparation:
• Develop community
• multiple stakeholders
capacities to participate in
development policy making
• advocacy strategies
• Training of village surveyors
• skills to formulate
• Training of local journalists
and implement HD
• Training of statistical officers
4: Quality
• Champion the human development approach
– freedom, equity, empowerment, and sustainability
– prioritization of vulnerable and excluded groups (data and
analysis disaggregation)
• HDR analysis based on sound quantitative and
qualitative sources (official data, surveys, case studies,
quotes capturing people’s perceptions, etc.)
• Calculate the HDI and other indices (innovating to adjust
methodologies and indicators to reflect national context).
• Recommendations:
– target different actors
– include ways to address the needs of marginalized groups
– reference existing policies and consider constraints
(institutional capacities, financing, political economy,
cultural norms and traditions, etc.)
4: Quality and Innovation
Republic HDR
an issue of
• Social, economic and
institutional empowerment
conditions the enlargement of
people’s opportunities
“enhancing HD means
changing power structures”
• Empowerment index
composed of two sub-indices
(individual and collective
empowerment) covering 52
5: Strategic Presentation
• Professionally edited (logical structure and flow with a
consistent tone and user-friendly style accessible to their target
• Technical terminology and statistical tables avoided in
the main text (methodologies in annex or supplementary
• Key messages and recommendations (within chapters,
executive summary, and related advocacy materials).
• Data sourced and presented in creative formats
(graphs, figures, maps and text boxes).
• Quotes, cultural references and cases studies to
highlight human stories.
• HDRs published in major national languages.
5: Strategic and Accessible Presentation
India – Bankura
District HDR 2007
• GIS based software to map social service delivery in
underdeveloped areas
• Human Development radars:
– Attainments in 8 HD indicators compared in different areas
– Special surveys to collect data on migration, the Sabar
Community and food security
6: Sustained Advocacy and Follow-up
• Advocacy and follow-up strategies planned and
budgeted at the start of a report process
– events that complement existing national initiatives
– within a larger project or programme
– partnership building and capacity development
• Launch events
– with senior officials, civil society, donor and other
stakeholders, including press conferences and seminars
– Press kits and briefings for media
– take into consideration major political events
– broad dissemination and available on-line
• Other: background studies, public awareness campaigns, HD
curricula, international conferences.
• HDRs every 2/3 years for continuity and follow-up.
6: Measurable Influence
• Inclusive: youth involvement in
each stage of the HDR
preparation process
• Thorough analysis: focus on 5
million youth out of education
and employment
• Relevance: more than 1,000
Turkey HDR 2008
news reports, articles and
“Youth in Turkey”
• Influence: youth policy and youth
NGOs coalition
HDR website:
HDR Database:
NHDR support:
Human Development Journey:
• HDR-net: [email protected]
• HD space in Teamworks:
• Human Development and Capability Association (HDCA)
• Journal on Human Development and Capability
• Handbook of Human Development

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