Ways to Reduce Nervousness

Report
Creating GREAT Posters
Melissa S. Medina, Ed.D.
Assistant Dean of Assessment & Evaluation
& Associate Professor
University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy
GREAT Seminar
February 24, 2011
GREAT Poster Objectives
1.
Evaluate a poster example & template
2.
Review 6 specific categories of design
considerations for an effective poster
3.
Identify the 7 sections that a poster
should contain
4.
Create a poster using session guidelines
Part 1.
Overview
3 GREAT Poster Requirements
1. Aesthetically pleasing visual
presentation
2. Effective communication of ideas
3. Engaged presenter characteristics
Activity
1. Take 3 minutes and evaluate sample
poster using checklist in handout
2. Discuss strengths & weaknesses
Part 2.
Steps for Creating GREAT Posters
Step 1:
Printing Considerations &
Poster Templates
Poster Template
•
Typically created on a PowerPoint slide


•
Historically created on individual slides
Currently printed as one large sheet
Template typically created on PowerPoint

http://www.ouhsc.edu/gsa/Workshops2009.asp
Title of Poster (remove shadowing & italics if default) – use bold Arial font
Authors’ full names and titles should be included here.
The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center College of Pharmacy; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Objectives
1. Make sure to include objectives that start with measurable
action verbs
Example of Methods
Schema
2. Should an abstract be included on the poster? If the
conference guidelines request its inclusion then yes,
otherwise the abstract can be omitted for 3 reasons:
2. If lack of space is an issue, the abstract can be deleted
since the ideas are available in the remaining poster
sections
Notes on Using Tables.
Etc.
3. A printout could be available for conference attendees
that has a picture of your poster on one side and your
abstract, contact information, and poster references on
the other side
• Using tables as seen in the example
above encouraged when creating
your poster.
• Line or bar graphs, timelines and
other schemas are also
encouraged.
Guidelines for the text box sections of the poster
1. Use Arial or other sanserif font. Use only 1 font on poster.
• Bold the title of each section for emphasis.
• Remove italics and shadowing on all text. – hard to read
• Avoid using all capital letters.
• All capital letters are easy to ignore and italics and
show are hard to read.
• Use bold and underline instead.
4. When creating the sections for your poster, avoid typing in
paragraphs and instead bullet or number all information.
• Each bullet should be no more than 2 lines of text per
bullet.
• Add spaces between bullets so all of the text in the
section is not crowded together.
• Open space facilitates reading the poster at a
distance.
• Align text using unjustified (uneven line lengths)
because easier to read from a distance
6. There is an implied poster flow from left to right and top to
bottom.
• Consider 4 columns– intro, methods, results,
discussion/summary
• Consider reporting your results using your study
objectives to demonstrate alignment and facilitate
comprehension.
• Try to put your results into a readable table or picture
format.
1. Some abstracts are printed in the conference pamphlet,
so it may already available.
Introduction
Results – Objective 1
• A summary section of text can accompany the table
in a separate text box such as this example.
• Make sure to refer to the table (See Table 1).
Table 1: Example of Results
Table 2:
Avoid These Tables
2. Then discuss or interpret results from
objective 2 here.
Conclusions
1. This section could also be called
summary, recommendations, etc.
2. You could also include a “future
studies” slide.
Other Poster Guidelines
Final guidelines to consider:
1. Recommended poster dimensions are 3 x 5
ft
1. (36 by 56 inches – defaulting to
56)
2. or (18 by 30 inches and tell Photo
services to double the poster size
(which will also double your current
font size)
• 3 x 5 is more affordable option (vs.
4X6).
• Sometimes inserting a table into this
slide can be difficult. It may be easier
to create the table in word and copy
and paste it into your text box or save
& insert it as a picture
• A table like table 2 below should be
avoided because it is hard for the
audience to comprehend your
message. Use alternate diagram
instead or make sure to explain
with text.
Discussion
1. For this section you could number your
content to match your objectives. For
example, discuss the results from
objective 1 here.
Results – Objective 2
Grade Analysis
• Sample language structure for results: Analysis of
student performance using multivariate linear
regression on scores from TBL activities to determine
impact on final grade revealed that IRAT and team
contribution scores significantly predicted overall
grades in the course (p<.001).
• Remember to state test used & p-values.
Table 3: TBL vs. Lecture-based
Course Exam Comparisons
2. Photographic services can print your
poster (405-271-2173 in OKC).
Remember to give yourself at least 3
days for drying time.
3. To use this template, delete text and
use (or copy and paste) text boxes.
1. Box widths can be adjusted.
Font Size Guidelines
Text
Content
Reading
Distance
(feet)
15-20 (Far)
15-20 (Far)
Title
Authors &
Affiliations
Main Heads 6-8
(Medium)
Supporting 3-4 (Close)
Text
Detail Text 3-4 (Close)
References 3-4 (Close)
(if included)
Type Size
(point)
(At least)
84
72
Type
Weight
60 to 36
Bold
48 to 24
Regular or
bold
Regular
Regular
24
20
Bold
Bold
Select Poster Colors
•
Selecting colors for background

Improved readability
• Limit the number of colors to 4 (includes B&W)
• Light background with dark text
• Consider cool background colors to recede into
background


Light blues, grays, purples
Crimson and cream are popular choices
• use strategically and abstractly
Poster Colors to Avoid
•
Options to avoid:


Very bright colors can be distracting
Blurry
• Red text on a blue background
• Blue text on a red background

Hard to read
• Black text on a blue background
• Yellow text on a white background
Printing Considerations
•
•
Consider at initial planning stage
Printing deadline considerations


•
•
drying time
unforeseen problems
Give yourself > 1 week lead time
Call Photographic services

OKC campus (LIB-142: 405-271-2173)
Poster Size Considerations
•
Poster size/dimensions

consider “photograph” size
• 3x5 (36 x 60)
• 4x6 (48 x 72)
•
Priced by dimension/size



$6.75 per square foot
3x5 poster = 15 x $6.75=$101.25
4x6 poster = 24 x $6.75=$162.00
• 36 x 56 (3 x 4.6) =$94.50
Step 2:
7 Poster Sections
1. Banner
•
Include banner




Research project title
Author names
University affiliation
If OU seal used, ensure permissions granted
2. Should Abstract be Included?
•
•
Yes
Conference guidelines
require inclusion
Audience likes to read
because efficient
No
• Redundant of other
poster content
• Takes up valuable space
• May be printed in
conference abstract
• Could be offered as a
handout


Abstract & contact
information
Copy of poster
3. Introduction
•
State hypothesis or study objectives


•
•
May have as a separate section
Use measurable verbs
Explain importance of study question(s)
Include reference to vital literature


Only very pertinent studies,
Can’t include y our entire literature review
4. Methods
•
Consider putting vital information in table
format
•
•
Line or bar graphs, timelines also encouraged
Inserting a table into poster can be difficult


Easier to create table in word
Copy and paste it into your text box
• or save & insert it as a picture
5. Results
•
Consider aligning study objectives with results
reporting
•
Try to put your results into a readable table or
picture format
•
•
•
Text summary can accompany table in a separate
text box
Make sure to refer to the table (See Table 1)
Not all tables are GREAT!
Tables vs. Other Displays
•
Avoid requiring audience to interpret table
data


Can happen with large tables
Evaluate big picture of results
• what is table revealing (increases, etc)

Consider use of line graph, bar graphs, pie
graphs instead
6. Discussion - Conclusions
•
Interpret results in discussion

•
Discuss:


•
•
Consider alignment with objectives
theoretical and clinical significance of results
implications of results
May include future directions text
Conclusion section could be included with
take home points
7. References
•
•
All information from other sources used in
the poster must be referenced
Can be typed in a smaller font
Step 3
Design considerations for GREAT
posters
Poster Goal
•
Intentionally consider goal of your poster

•
Design poster to address one central
question and state that question clearly

•
Repeat message throughout
Use data to support central question
Provide an explicit take home message
Flow
•
•
Follow the guidelines of a published paper
Implied flow


•
Top to bottom
Left to right.
Consider 4 column format
1.
2.
3.
4.
intro
methods
results
discussion
Amount of Content
•
Avoid large paragraphs & large blocks of text

•
Leave open space using hard returns


•
Do not crowd text, lists, diagrams, etc.
Consider using 1.5 spacing between lines of text
Present information concisely

•
Use bullets for your statements
Space is limited
Use the active voice
Text Size & Font Selection
•
•
•
Text is read from a distance of approximately 3-6 feet
Readability from distance
 Use SanSerif styles (like Arial) for reading from
distance
• Avoid serif styles (like Times New Roman)
• Use only 1 font
 Type in uneven length lines (flush left, jagged right)
Emphasis

AVOID USE ALL CAPITAL LETTERS, EVEN IN THE TITLE
AND HEADINGS, BECAUSE IT IS DIFFICULT TO READ.
• Use bold, underline, italics, and color, and vary font size
Graphics
•
Graphics can increase communication
effectiveness 40-50%
• Wrong visual aids have opposite effect

•
Decreased understanding
Ask yourself, does the graphic image:
•
•
•
•
Increase audience interest?
Increase audience understanding?
Enhance retention?
Increase efficiency (message is communicated
faster)?
Summary
•
Many other posters to choose from

Why choose yours?
• Aesthetically pleasing colors
• Vital information/sections present
• Organized, concise and bulleted text that can be
read from distance
• Tables/pictures/graphs used appropriately and
described
• Intentionally aligned study objectives, methods,
results and discussion
Creating GREAT Posters
Melissa S. Medina, Ed.D.
Assistant Dean of Assessment & Evaluation
and Associate Professor
University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy
GREAT Seminar
February 24, 2011

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