Slide 1

Report
PRINCIPLES OF
GREEN BUILDING DESIGN
GAINING THE COMPETITIVE EDGE
Jeanne Perantoni, AIA, LEED AP - CEO
June 19, 2013 William Paterson University – Passaic County Dept of Economic Development
GREEN BUILDING DESIGN
THE ROLE OF THE ARCHITECT IN LEVERAGING RESOURCES…
A commitment to
buildings that
have a minimal
negative impact
on environment,
are energy
efficient, durable,
life-affirming,
healthy, and
re-generative.
REDUCING ENERGY-USE, ENHANCING OPERATIONS,
AND IMPROVING COST FLOW AND BENEFITS
THE IMPACT OF BUILDINGS
Past Practices & Design Standards
produced buildings that accounted for:
•72% of electricity consumption
•39% of energy use
•38% of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions
•40% of raw materials use
•30% of waste output (136 million tons annually)
•14% of potable water consumption
Design based upon the American Emphasis on What’s
New, Super-Sized, Trendy, Replicable, & Disposable
TO STAY COMPETITIVE…THIS NEEDS TO CHANGE
THE IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE
To transform the way
buildings, sites, and
communities are
designed, built and
operated, enabling an
THE IMPACT OF INDIVIDUALS
Creating building projects at all scales environmentally and
that operate as cleanly, beautifully,
and efficiently as nature’s architecture socially-responsible,
healthy, and prosperous
environment that
Green Globes / GBI improves quality of life
KNOW WHAT GREEN COSTS
“FIRST COST” versus “LIFE CYCLE COST”
2% investment in green can
significantly lower operating
costs for life of the building
Sustainable Building Technical Manual Public Technology, Inc. & The US Green Building Council
GETTING TO GREEN WHERE TO INVEST
Energy & Atmosphere
REDUCTION IN USE OF FOSSIL FUELS
& ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION
Sustainable Sites
MINIMIZING DISTURBANCE
TO ECOSYSTEMS & POLLUTION
TO WATERWAYS
Water Efficiency
GREEN BUILDING CERTIFICATION
SYSTEM verifying METRICS, and
promoting BEST PRACTICES
WHAT MATTERS MOST:
energy savings, water efficiency,
reduced CO2 emissions & waste,
improved IAQ, stewardship of
resources & diversity.
CONSERVATION & REUSE
Materials & Resources
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
REUSE & RECYCLING
Indoor Environmental Quality
HEALTHIER ENVIRONMENT FOR
ENHANCED HUMAN PERFORMANCE
UTILIZE WEB RESOURCES FOR IDEAS
GETTING TO GREEN BEST PRACTICES
BEGIN WITH ENERGY AUDITS Energy & Atmosphere
REDUCTION IN USE OF FOSSIL FUELS
& ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION
CASE STUDY:
Energy Audits of 83 buildings total
4.32 million square feet
Energy costs $13 million
OUTCOME:
• Defined $26 M in improvements to
save $3 to $4 M per year
• SCIA Solar Program 1st tranche will
save $18.35 million over 15 years
• SCIA Solar Program 2nd tranche is
expected to achieve similar savings
Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs)
Eligible for ESIP
Lighting Retrofits & Upgrades
Occupancy Sensors
HVAC Upgrades
Electric to Gas Conversions
Boiler Replacements
Chiller Replacements
Building Management Systems
Building Envelope Improvements
Combined Heat & Power
Renewable Energy
GETTING TO GREEN
INVESTIGATE METRICS AND OPTIONS
Getting to Green….Average Simple
Payback Projections on Retrofit Projects
•Lighting and Sensors
•Retro Commissioning
•Controls
•Appliance Replacement
•Window AC Replacement
•Boilers
•Domestic Hot Water
•Equipment Conversion
•HVAC Systems
•Building Envelope Improvements
4.6
5.7
7.6
8.5
15
16
21
35
65
98
GETTING TO GREEN DESIGN STRATEGIES
Sustainable Sites
MINIMIZING DISTURBANCE
TO ECOSYSTEMS & POLLUTION
TO WATERWAYS
CASE STUDY: NEPTUNE MIDTOWN
COMMUNITY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
• Reduced impervious coverage
• Bioswales to recharge runoff into
groundwater
• Rooftop garden to further
reduce runoff
OUTCOME:
100% stormwater retention
GETTING TO GREEN SUCCESS STORY
Sustainable Sites
MINIMIZING DISTURBANCE
TO ECOSYSTEMS, PRESERVING
LAND, ENHANCING STEWARDSHIP
& ACCESS TO WATERWAYS
CASE STUDY: ALLEMUCHY MIXED USED DEVELOPMENT IN HIGHLANDS
COMMUNITY ENRICHED BY NEW PARKLANDS & ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
GETTING TO GREEN DESIGN STRATEGIES
Water Efficiency
CONSERVATION & REUSE
Prior to Planting Begins – year one

Shade trees taking root – year two
Bioswales –
year three
CASE STUDY: NEPTUNE MIDTOWN
COMMUNITY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
 Stormwater infiltration to create miniwetlands/bioswales on site
 (Standard) Low flow plumbing fixtures
 (Specialty) No flow fixtures such as
waterless urinals, composting toilet
 Rainwater harvesting
 Sustainable, native plantings
 Monitors and educational signage
OUTCOME: 50% water use reduction
GETTING TO GREEN SUCCESS STORY
Water Efficiency
CASE STUDY: PEQUEST FISH HATCHERY
MAPPING OF RESOURCES WITH AIM
ANALYSIS FOR NEW INTERPRETIVE CENTER TO CONSERVE, REUSE, & ENHANCE
GETTING TO GREEN DESIGN STRATEGIES
Materials & Resources
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
REUSE & RECYCLING
CASE STUDY: PASSAIC HIGH SCHOOL
AUDITORIUM RENOVATIONS
Reuse/refinishing of existing materials
•Refinish wood stage (low-VOC products)
•Retain existing HVAC systems
•Re-use existing ceiling assembly
•Repair existing concrete floor
•LED conversion of light fixtures
(Re-use instead of replace mentality)
Recycling of all construction waste
OUTCOME:
80% recycling of waste (at a minimum!)
GETTING TO GREEN DESIGN STRATEGIES
Materials & Resources
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
REUSE EXISTING & RECYCE
CASE STUDY: PASSAIC HIGH
SCHOOL AUDITORIUM
RENOVATIONS
Sustainable Materials
• Side wall panels utilize composite
wood veneer panels
• Carpet with high recycled content
• Extra long lifespan of new seats
• Low VOC paint to reduce off gassing
• LED lighting used for house lights
OUTCOME:
Improve the carbon neutrality of project
improve Indoor Air Quality
GETTING TO GREEN DESIGN STRATEGIES
Indoor Environmental Quality
HEALTHIER ENVIRONMENT FOR
ENHANCED HUMAN PERFORMANCE
CASE STUDY: NEPTUNE MIDTOWN
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Abundant Natural Daylighting
Energy-saving controls & monitors
Geothermal heating/cooling
Low VOC materials throughout
Healthy, quiet underfloor air delivery
Flexible power grid & power source
Operable windows & opening that
promote natural ventilation
OUTCOME:
20% reduction in absenteeism
20+% improvement in test scores
35+% energy savings over code
GETTING TO GREEN SUCCESS STORY
CASE STUDY: NEPTUNE MIDTOWN
Underfloor Displacement Air System
Focus on Healthy Indoor Air Quality
Ventilation
Indoor Environmental Quality
GETTING
ON BOARD
NEW PARADIGM
GETTING
ON BOARD
Understand your leadership role in guiding critical
investment decisions to maximize resource
savings and promote sustainability outcomes
• Change your PERSPECTIVE … think long-term
• Begin with ENERGY AUDIT … benchmark baseline
• Understand METRICS … overall impact of small steps
• Factor in LIFE-CYCLE COSTS … maximize ROI by
controlling expenses (occupant-loads & operations)
• Be aware of MARKET SHIFTS … find out about new
products, grant opportunities, tech changes, etc.
Construction Documents
Bidding/Negotiation
Construction
SD
DD
CD
BID
CONST
Time
Resources Required
Design Development
CD
Turnover/Occupancy
Schematic Design
Base decisions on Life-Cycle Cost Comparisons
that include Maintenance & Replacement
costs spread over functional life of the building
Concept Design
Potential Project Impact
Start EARLY & Plan LONG TERM
T/O
To Reap Rewards, Investment Changes are best made early in the process,
ideally by Design Development Phase
ACCEPT CHANGE INCREMENTALLY
Attitudinal Change:
2000-01
We don’t know where to start…or what it means!
2002-03
CHECKLISTS are point chasers…that divert money
2004-05
Green is OK but…certification is too costly & difficult
2006-08
LEED helps us manage…but Gold Rating is too expensive
2010-12 Once you start, Gold is attainable on most projects.
If we commit and apply what we have learned…it just happens.
THE IMPACT OF INDIVIDUALS
BEHAVIORS changed by Decisions…ACTIONS influenced by Convenience
PSYCHOLOGY OF BEHAVIOR
What Drives our Behavior?
95% Non-conscious Behavior
• Learned / Modeled
• Triggered
• Hard-wired
95%
5% Conscious Behavior
5%
PSYCHOLOGY OF BEHAVIOR
How is this useful?
It creates a roadmap for motivating change!
1. Research New Models & Show Benefits
2. Get Staff Commitment & Buy In
3. Use Visual Prompts & Reminders
4. Use Social Norms to encourage group behavior
5. Use Incentives – praise, feedback, rewards….
6. Make it Convenient & Easy to Implement
7. Persuade through Communication Strategies
WHAT GREEN REALLY PROVIDES
WHAT IS A 1% INCREASE IN PRODUCTIVITY WORTH
TO YOUR COMPANY?
2% investment in green can
yield significant ROI dividends
by increasing productivity over
the life of building operations
Salaries
92%
Based on time
5 minutes per day
Based on salary
$600 annually
Based on square footage
$3 per square foot
($65,000 annual salary 200 sf per employee)
Construction
2%
Operation
6%
Sustainable Building Technical Manual Public Technology, Inc. & The US Green Building Council
MOTIVATING CHANGE SUCCESS STORIES
Engaging the Next Generation….
http://www.buildgreenschools.org/
MOTIVATING CHANGE SUCCESS STORIES
Sustainability – The New Competitive Edge
MOTIVATING CHANGE SUCCESS STORIES
Engaging Businesses & Municipalities….
GREEN BUILDING TOOLKIT:
www.greenbuildingtoolkit.com
2014 UPDATE BEING PLANNED
•GOAL: Demystify LEED
•Provide guidance on applying LEED
principles and strategies to BUSINESS!
•Focus on business-friendly strategies
to increase productivity, improve
IAQ, and save energy costs!
•Guide municipal Code Officials and
Green Team Volunteers on LEED
implementation (common language)
•Disseminate critical research on Best
Practices & Case Study Results
•Explain Big Picture Context and
Return on Investment Analysis;
Green + Business = Smart Growth
MOTIVATING CHANGE SUCCESS STORIES
Recognize businesses who have demonstrated
a commitment to sustainable practices and help
Businesses profit from new sustainability efforts
Goal: Develop network of like-minded businesses, assist in
formulating “Green Plans”, help companies adopt sustainable
practices that yield economic benefits while reducing
environmental impact, provide mentoring & recognition.
Steps: Encourage an energy audit, develop a checklist based
on Green Office Certification, encourage companies to get
started, get greener, and instruct staff on best practices and
direct steps to reduce environmental impact of operations.
Green Challenge Components:
• Series of checklists, brochures and surveys categorized by
impact area; Fact Sheets, Prompts, How-to’s, Encouragement
• Action Items, Website Access, & Easy Ways to Self-Report
MOTIVATING CHANGE SUCCESS STORIES
Sustainability connects
people across departments
and unites all levels of staff
with information, tools, and
inspiration for challenges at
hand: making sustainability
a priority for the long term.
http://www.greencampus.ha
rvard.edu/green-office
Somerset County Business
Partnership
www.scbp.org
MOTIVATING CHANGE & investment
Passaic County “Greening Your Company 2013”
Opportunities to improve Cash Flow and Benefits
LEARN ABOUT ENERGY-SAVING FUNDING
• ENERGY AUDIT
Assessment of Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs)
• CREATE ENERGY SAVINGS PLAN
Level III Audit recommending package of energy projects
achieving 15% savings. Create an Energy Reduction Plan
for Pay for Performance (P4P).
• USE ENERGY SAVINGS IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM
with 15 YEAR FINANCING (ESIP)
Work with ESCO or DIY with knowledgeable A/E Team
• INTEGRATE ADDITIONAL GRANT MONEY
Investigate & take strategic use of additional funding for
specialized project packages and systems
• BID, CONSTRUCT, & COMMISSION
• MEASURE & VERIFY Ensure energy savings are attained
• FIND OUT ABOUT LOCAL/REGIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
• FUNDING SOURCES, COUNTY & STATE INITIATIVES
• FEDERAL BONDS & UTILITY COMPANY PROGRAMS
QUESTIONS?
Jeanne Perantoni, AIA, LEED AP – CEO
[email protected]

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