Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Nordic Approaches and Tools in Green Planning Inge Aarhus Petrozovodsk June 14th 2012 Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Green Planning Tools and Strategies • Tools (an overview – mainstream tools) – Green Procurement – Green Certification Schemes – Green Branding – CO2 Calculators – Environmental Management Systems (EMS) – Environmental Reporting Systems – Green Taxes in Norway – Legislation Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Green Procurement Agency for Public Management and eGovernment (Difi) Difi works to ensure that government administration in Norway is characterised by values of: • Excellence • Efficiency • User-orientation • Transparency, and • Democracy Tasks include • Developing a good national information policy • Supporting the development of leaders, employees and management of human resources within the public sector • Setting up solid public procurement procedures • Encouraging coordinated and cost-efficient use of ICT within the public sector • Making public information and services more accessible for citizens and public agencies Green Procurement • Top management is always responsible for procurement of products and services. • Top management is responsible for establishing goal and strategies for procurement. • Procurement should integrate environmental (and social) requirements to avoid negative • Procurement also contain a risk for corruption. Responsibility for high ethical standards lays on the specific company • The Norwegian government emphasises use of electronic tool for procurement procedures • The State sector in Norway is supposed to receive electronic invoices as from 2011, e-invoices gives considerable return Green Procurement • Examples on Criteria Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Green Management and Certification Schemes Examples on Schemes – EcoLighthouse – Greenways Environmental Certificates – ISO 14000 – BS 8555 – EMAS – BREAM – ISO 26000 Eco-Lighthouse The businesses Municipalities Consultants Follow up, Information The administration Development - administration advice & courses Everybody must contribute! Growth Nordic Environment Network Organization for harmonizing, and coordination between invited less formal EMS Initiatives Less formal EMS – A first step towards more formal systems Cities, regions or local municipalities Others •ISO 14001 •EMAS City of Copenhagen City of Vejle City of Göteborg City of Stockholm City of Oslo City of Helsinki And others Public and private EMS users Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Environmental management ISO 14001 and BS855 is for environmental management. This means what the organizations Do to: • minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities, • to conform to applicable regulatory requirements, and to • achieve continual improvement of its environmental performance. Generic standards (more on ISO) Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 are generic standards. Generic means that the same standards can be applied: • to any organization, large or small, whatever its product or service, • in any sector of activity, and • whether it is a business enterprise, a public administration, or a government department. Processes, not products Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer (more on ISO) Both ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 concern the way an organization goes about its work. • They are not product standards. • They are not service standards. • They are process standards. • They can be used by both product manufacturers and service providers. The ISO Survey (more on ISO) Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Green Branding • The Nordic Swan • The EU Flower • Blaue Engel Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer The Nordic Swan Nordic Ecolabel is the official Ecolabel of the Nordic countries and was established in 1989 by the Nordic Council of Ministers. The purpose of the Ecolabel is to contribute to sustainable consumption and production, and our vision is a sustainable society. Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Green Branding • The Nordic Swan • The EU Flower • Blaue Engel Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer The EU-Ecolabel The EU-Ecolabel is a voluntary scheme, which means that producers, importers and retailers can choose to apply for the label for their products. The life cycle of a product begins with: • extraction – the mining or cultivation of the raw materials, such as cotton (for textiles) or wood (for paper products), it continues with • manufacturing and packaging • distribution • Use, and finally • “end of life” stage, when the product is disposed of or recycled. When developing EU Ecolabel criteria for products, the focus is on the stages where the product has the highest environmental impact, and this differs from product to product. Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer The Blue Angel The Blue Angel is the first and most well-known eco-label worldwide. • Since 1978 it has set the standard for eco-friendly products and services selected by an independent jury in line with defined criteria. • The Blue Angel is awarded to companies as kind of a reward for their commitment to environmental protection. • Companies use it to professionally promote their ecofriendly products in the market. • The Blue Angel is an ecological beacon showing the consumer the way to the ecologically superior product and promotes environmentally conscious consumption. Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer CO2 Calculators • CO2 Focus (presentation by Sigmund Haugsjå) • PEPF (Presentation by Ewa Figorska) Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Environmental Management Systems • ISO 14000 • BS 8555 Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Internationally Recognised Environmental Reporting Systems • • • • Global Reporting Initiative ISO 14000 EMAS BS 8555 Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Environmental Reporting Systems • Global Reporting Initiative The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is most prevalent standards for sustainability reporting — also known as ecological footprint. GRI seeks to make sustainability reporting by all organizations as routine, and comparable to financial reporting. A sustainability report is an organizational report that gives information about •Economic •Environmental •Social, and •Governance performance. More than 3,000 organizations from 60 countries use the Guidelines to produce their sustainability reports. GRI Guidelines apply to corporate businesses, public agencies and smaller enterprises, NGOs, industry groups and others. Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer • • • • Green Taxes in Norway CO2 tax Taxes on Waste SO2 Tax Tax on diesel buses No tax on • Windmills • Bio energy, • Heat pumps Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Environmental Standards and Legislation An environmental standard is a policy guideline that regulates the effect of human activity upon the environment • International Standards • EU Environmental standards Lillehammer miljø Environment Lillehammer Tangible results • Catalogues on: – Environmental tools (The environmental toolbox) – What else?