Document

Report
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Environment Lillehammer
Nordic Approaches and Tools
in
Green Planning
Inge Aarhus
Petrozovodsk
June 14th 2012
Lillehammer miljø
Environment Lillehammer
Green Planning
Tools and Strategies
• Tools (an overview – mainstream tools)
– Green Procurement
– Green Certification Schemes
– Green Branding
– CO2 Calculators
– Environmental Management Systems (EMS)
– Environmental Reporting Systems
– Green Taxes in Norway
– Legislation
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Green Procurement
Agency for Public Management
and eGovernment (Difi)
Difi works to ensure that government administration in Norway is
characterised by values of:
• Excellence
• Efficiency
• User-orientation
• Transparency, and
• Democracy
Tasks include
• Developing a good national information policy
• Supporting the development of leaders, employees and management of
human resources within the public sector
• Setting up solid public procurement procedures
• Encouraging coordinated and cost-efficient use of ICT within the public sector
• Making public information and services more accessible for citizens and
public agencies
Green Procurement
• Top management is always responsible for procurement of products
and services.
• Top management is responsible for establishing goal and strategies
for procurement.
• Procurement should integrate environmental (and social)
requirements to avoid negative
• Procurement also contain a risk for corruption. Responsibility for
high ethical standards lays on the specific company
• The Norwegian government emphasises use of electronic tool for
procurement procedures
• The State sector in Norway is supposed to receive electronic
invoices as from 2011, e-invoices gives considerable return
Green Procurement
• Examples on Criteria
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Green Management and
Certification Schemes
Examples on Schemes
– EcoLighthouse
– Greenways Environmental Certificates
– ISO 14000
– BS 8555
– EMAS
– BREAM
– ISO 26000
Eco-Lighthouse
The businesses
Municipalities
Consultants
Follow up,
Information
The administration
Development - administration
advice & courses
Everybody
must
contribute!
Growth
Nordic Environment Network
Organization for harmonizing,
and coordination between invited less formal
EMS Initiatives
Less formal EMS
– A first step
towards more
formal systems
Cities, regions
or local
municipalities
Others
•ISO 14001
•EMAS
City of Copenhagen
City of Vejle
City of Göteborg
City of Stockholm
City of Oslo
City of Helsinki
And others
Public and private EMS users
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Environmental management
ISO 14001 and BS855 is for environmental
management. This means what the organizations
Do to:
• minimize harmful effects on the environment
caused by its activities,
• to conform to applicable regulatory
requirements, and to
• achieve continual improvement of its
environmental performance.
Generic standards (more on ISO)
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ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 are generic
standards. Generic means that the same
standards can be applied:
• to any organization, large or small,
whatever its product or service,
• in any sector of activity, and
• whether it is a business enterprise, a
public administration, or a government
department.
Processes, not products
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(more on ISO)
Both ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 concern the
way an organization goes about its work.
• They are not product standards.
• They are not service standards.
• They are process standards.
• They can be used by both product
manufacturers and service providers.
The ISO Survey (more on ISO)
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Green Branding
• The Nordic Swan
• The EU Flower
• Blaue Engel
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The Nordic Swan
Nordic Ecolabel
is the official Ecolabel of the Nordic countries and was established in 1989 by the
Nordic Council of Ministers. The purpose of the Ecolabel is to contribute to
sustainable consumption and production, and our vision is a sustainable society.
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Green Branding
• The Nordic Swan
• The EU Flower
• Blaue Engel
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The EU-Ecolabel
The EU-Ecolabel is a voluntary scheme, which means that
producers, importers and retailers can choose to apply for the label for
their products.
The life cycle of a product begins with:
• extraction – the mining or cultivation of the raw materials, such as cotton
(for textiles) or wood (for paper products), it continues with
• manufacturing and packaging
• distribution
• Use, and finally
• “end of life” stage, when the product is disposed of or recycled.
When developing EU Ecolabel criteria for products, the focus is on the stages
where the product has the highest environmental impact, and this differs
from product to product.
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The Blue Angel
The Blue Angel is the first and most well-known
eco-label worldwide.
• Since 1978 it has set the standard for eco-friendly
products and services selected by an independent jury in
line with defined criteria.
• The Blue Angel is awarded to companies as kind of a
reward for their commitment to environmental protection.
• Companies use it to professionally promote their ecofriendly products in the market.
• The Blue Angel is an ecological beacon showing the
consumer the way to the ecologically superior product
and promotes environmentally conscious consumption.
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CO2 Calculators
• CO2 Focus (presentation by Sigmund Haugsjå)
• PEPF (Presentation by Ewa Figorska)
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Environmental Management
Systems
• ISO 14000
• BS 8555
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Internationally Recognised
Environmental Reporting Systems
•
•
•
•
Global Reporting Initiative
ISO 14000
EMAS
BS 8555
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Environmental Reporting Systems
• Global Reporting Initiative
The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is most prevalent standards for
sustainability reporting — also known as ecological footprint. GRI seeks to
make sustainability reporting by all organizations as routine, and comparable
to financial reporting.
A sustainability report is an organizational report that gives information about
•Economic
•Environmental
•Social, and
•Governance performance.
More than 3,000 organizations from 60 countries use the Guidelines to
produce their sustainability reports. GRI Guidelines apply to corporate
businesses, public agencies and smaller enterprises, NGOs, industry groups
and others.
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•
•
•
•
Green Taxes in Norway
CO2 tax
Taxes on Waste
SO2 Tax
Tax on diesel buses
No tax on
• Windmills
• Bio energy,
• Heat pumps
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Environmental Standards and
Legislation
An environmental standard is a policy
guideline that regulates the effect of
human activity upon the environment
• International Standards
• EU Environmental standards
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Tangible results
• Catalogues on:
– Environmental tools (The environmental
toolbox)
– What else?

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