Slide 1

= list of
sources with notes
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to
books, articles, and documents. Each citation is
followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative
paragraph, the annotation.
An annotated bibliography provides a
starting point when researching a topic
that the student want to discover more
about it.
The purpose of the annotation, also, is to
inform the reader of the relevance,
accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.
What is the first step?
Jot it down!
The following guidelines are good to follow
for any research process.
While exploring the sources:
Make sure to write down the following
information :
1- Author’s name, title, and credentials
(Jareth Smith, Sociology Dept. at UCLA. PHD/Sociology)
2- Title of the work
(Why Men Have no Movement” – underline or use “quotes”)
3- Publication information Including:
(name of newspaper, magazine/journal/anthology…city of publication,
publisher, date of publication…)
Plug Information into MLA Style
Format the jotted–down information in MLA
Style by following the guidelines in the handbook
or any or any other credible MLA guide.
Here it is, MLA style:
Smith, Jareth. “Why Men Have No Move.” UCLA. 1 Mar. 2003
After Having the Sources in MLA
format…Now, What about the
Once the source is in the right MLA
format, write short complete sentences
that accomplish all/most of the following:
Points to consider in details:
I- Author:
1. What are the author's credentials–
institutional affiliation (where he or she
works), educational background, past
writings, or experience? Is the book or
article written on a topic in the author's
area of expertise?
2- Is the author associated with a reputable
institution or organization? What are the
basic values or goals of the organization
or institution?
What else should one take care of?
II- Publisher
If the source is published by a university press, it is likely to
be scholarly. Although the fact that the publisher is
reputable does not necessarily guarantee quality, it
does show that the publisher may have high regard
for the source being published.
III- Journal Title
Is this a scholarly or a popular journal ? This distinction is
important because it indicates different levels of
complexity in
conveying ideas.
IV- Coverage
1. Does the work update other sources, substantiate other
materials that are read, or add new information? Does it
extensively or marginally cover the topic? enough sources should
be explored to obtain a variety of viewpoints.
2. Is the material primary or secondary in nature? Primary sources
are the raw material of the research process. Secondary sources
are based on primary sources. Choose both primary and secondary
sources, if this is available.
V- Intended Audience
• What type of audience is the author addressing? Is the
publication aimed at a specialized or a general audience?
Is this source too elementary, too technical, too
advanced, or just right for the needs?
VI- Objective Reasoning:
1. Is the information covered fact, opinion, or propaganda? It is not always easy to separate
fact from opinion. Facts can usually be verified; opinions, though they may be based on
factual information, evolve from the interpretation of facts. Skilled writers can make you
think their interpretations are facts.
2. Does the information appear to be valid and well-researched, or is it questionable and
unsupported by evidence? Assumptions should be reasonable. Note errors or omissions.
3. Are the ideas and arguments advanced more or less in line with other works you have
read on the same topic? The more radically an author departs from the views of others
in the same field, the more carefully and critically you should scrutinize his or her ideas.
4. Is the author's point of view objective and impartial? Is the language free of emotionarousing words and bias?
Note how these requirements are
integrated in the notes:
UCLA Dean of Sociology Jareth Smith’s website contains an article
he wrote for an audience of male ( and sympathetic female)
scholars about why the men’s movement is not taken seriously. He
begins by asserting that although the men’s movement has existed
for more than 25 years, so little has been accomplished that most
people are not aware that a men’s movement exists. Smith then
describes many of the movement’s accomplishments in child
custody, sexual harrassment and domestic violence. His main idea
seems to point out that in general, women do not consider men
who fight women for equality to be “manly”. Smith’s perspective is
valuable for me as a counter point; Smith seems to present an antifemale slant that places blame on women for male oppression,
which is interesting but certainly refutable, and if I use this source,
I plan to refute his ideas.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Background & credibility of author
Possible Audience
Main ideas
Usefulness to the research/topic
Match the type of requirements
with the right sentence:
The Sentence
Goman has a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology
from Columbia Pacific University and is a
speaker and an author of several books
and articles on communication.
“Business professionals who aren't reading
the clear signals of others are sabotaging
their efforts.”
This article supports my argument that
nonverbal communication is an essential
skill to have and that it should be taught to
children at an early age.
The Requirement
Usefulness to the research/topic
Main idea
Possible Audience
Background & credibility of author
The article focuses on how nonverbal
communication can undermine your verbal
message and how to avoid doing this
Your Mission:
Get suitable sources for the topic
Write an MLA Works Cited style entry for each
Look for any biographical info./credentials you can
find about the author and note them.
Scan the source and note the content on a paper/
index card.
see if there is any bias? Is the source written for
a particular audience ( Scholars, professionals in
the field, general adult audience, educators, social
workers, parents, teenagers, the poor,
Write an annotated bibliography from your notes
“Annotated Bibliography Guidelines.” Authorstream8 Nov. 2008. 28 Sep. 2009 <<
Coleman. “The Annotated Bibliography.” 28 sep. 2009 <http:// www.clmn. net/cer/ PDFs/General_ Writing/
Engle, Michael, Amy Blumenthal, and Tony Cosgrave. “How to prepare an Annotated Bibliography.” Cornell University
Library. 1 Sep. 2009. 28 Sep. 2009 <<>>.

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