= list of sources with notes An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. An annotated bibliography provides a starting point when researching a topic that the student want to discover more about it. The purpose of the annotation, also, is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. What is the first step? Jot it down! The following guidelines are good to follow for any research process. While exploring the sources: Make sure to write down the following information : 1- Author’s name, title, and credentials (Jareth Smith, Sociology Dept. at UCLA. PHD/Sociology) 2- Title of the work (Why Men Have no Movement” – underline or use “quotes”) 3- Publication information Including: (name of newspaper, magazine/journal/anthology…city of publication, publisher, date of publication…) Plug Information into MLA Style Format: Format the jotted–down information in MLA Style by following the guidelines in the handbook or any or any other credible MLA guide. Here it is, MLA style: Smith, Jareth. “Why Men Have No Move.” UCLA. 1 Mar. 2003 <www.ucla.edu/socio/smith/movement.html>. After Having the Sources in MLA format…Now, What about the NOTES? Once the source is in the right MLA format, write short complete sentences that accomplish all/most of the following: Points to consider in details: I- Author: 1. What are the author's credentials– institutional affiliation (where he or she works), educational background, past writings, or experience? Is the book or article written on a topic in the author's area of expertise? 2- Is the author associated with a reputable institution or organization? What are the basic values or goals of the organization or institution? What else should one take care of? II- Publisher If the source is published by a university press, it is likely to be scholarly. Although the fact that the publisher is reputable does not necessarily guarantee quality, it does show that the publisher may have high regard for the source being published. III- Journal Title Is this a scholarly or a popular journal ? This distinction is important because it indicates different levels of complexity in conveying ideas. IV- Coverage 1. Does the work update other sources, substantiate other materials that are read, or add new information? Does it extensively or marginally cover the topic? enough sources should be explored to obtain a variety of viewpoints. 2. Is the material primary or secondary in nature? Primary sources are the raw material of the research process. Secondary sources are based on primary sources. Choose both primary and secondary sources, if this is available. V- Intended Audience • What type of audience is the author addressing? Is the publication aimed at a specialized or a general audience? Is this source too elementary, too technical, too advanced, or just right for the needs? VI- Objective Reasoning: 1. Is the information covered fact, opinion, or propaganda? It is not always easy to separate fact from opinion. Facts can usually be verified; opinions, though they may be based on factual information, evolve from the interpretation of facts. Skilled writers can make you think their interpretations are facts. 2. Does the information appear to be valid and well-researched, or is it questionable and unsupported by evidence? Assumptions should be reasonable. Note errors or omissions. 3. Are the ideas and arguments advanced more or less in line with other works you have read on the same topic? The more radically an author departs from the views of others in the same field, the more carefully and critically you should scrutinize his or her ideas. 4. Is the author's point of view objective and impartial? Is the language free of emotionarousing words and bias? Note how these requirements are integrated in the notes: UCLA Dean of Sociology Jareth Smith’s website contains an article he wrote for an audience of male ( and sympathetic female) scholars about why the men’s movement is not taken seriously. He begins by asserting that although the men’s movement has existed for more than 25 years, so little has been accomplished that most people are not aware that a men’s movement exists. Smith then describes many of the movement’s accomplishments in child custody, sexual harrassment and domestic violence. His main idea seems to point out that in general, women do not consider men who fight women for equality to be “manly”. Smith’s perspective is valuable for me as a counter point; Smith seems to present an antifemale slant that places blame on women for male oppression, which is interesting but certainly refutable, and if I use this source, I plan to refute his ideas. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Background & credibility of author Possible Audience Main ideas Content Usefulness to the research/topic Match the type of requirements with the right sentence: The Sentence Goman has a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Columbia Pacific University and is a speaker and an author of several books and articles on communication. “Business professionals who aren't reading the clear signals of others are sabotaging their efforts.” This article supports my argument that nonverbal communication is an essential skill to have and that it should be taught to children at an early age. The Requirement Usefulness to the research/topic Main idea Possible Audience Background & credibility of author The article focuses on how nonverbal communication can undermine your verbal message and how to avoid doing this Your Mission: Get suitable sources for the topic Write an MLA Works Cited style entry for each source Look for any biographical info./credentials you can find about the author and note them. Scan the source and note the content on a paper/ index card. see if there is any bias? Is the source written for a particular audience ( Scholars, professionals in the field, general adult audience, educators, social workers, parents, teenagers, the poor, religious…)? Write an annotated bibliography from your notes References “Annotated Bibliography Guidelines.” Authorstream8 Nov. 2008. 28 Sep. 2009 <<http://www.authorstream.com/ Presentation/tccampa-75938-annotated-bibliography-guidelines-annotation-education-ppt-powerpoint/>>.. Coleman. “The Annotated Bibliography.” 28 sep. 2009 <http:// www.clmn. net/cer/ PDFs/General_ Writing/ annotative_bilbio.pdf>>. Engle, Michael, Amy Blumenthal, and Tony Cosgrave. “How to prepare an Annotated Bibliography.” Cornell University Library. 1 Sep. 2009. 28 Sep. 2009 << http://www.library.cornell.edu/olinuris/ref/research/skill28.htm>>. “HOW TO WRITE AN ANNOTATION FOR A SOURCE.” GLENDALE COLLEGE LIBRARY. Aug.2009. 28 Sep. 2009 << http://www.glendale.edu/library/research/documents/Annotated%20Bibliography.pdf>>.