MICROAGGRESSIONS JENNY LOPEZ GOALS • Create awareness of microaggressions • Understand how microaggressions can be experienced from various marginalized constituencies at the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. • Understand how can we address microaggressions as or shortly after they occur. • Support the University’s overarching vision around diversity and inclusion through an awareness of microaggressions. MICROAGGRESSIONS Brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral, or environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative slights and insults towards people who have been historically marginalized. Dr. Sue, D. W. MICROINEQUITIES • The ways in which individuals are "either singled out, or overlooked, ignored, or otherwise discounted" based on an unchangeable characteristic such as race or gender. • A microinequity generally takes the form of a gesture, different kind of language, treatment, bias or even tone of voice. TYPES OF MICROAGRESSIONS • MICROINSULT • MICROASSAULT • MICROINVALIDATION MICROINSULT Verbal and nonverbal communications that subtly conveys rudeness and insensitivity as well as demeans a person. Microinsults are often unconscious behaviors. MICROASSAULT Conscious and intentional biased beliefs, actions or slurs. These are usually expressed covertly or overtly towards marginalized group. Mircoassaults are usually conscious acts. MICROINVALIDATION Communications that subtly exclude, negate or nullify the thoughts, feelings or experiential reality of a marginalized person. Microinvalidations are often unconscious acts CATEGORIES OF AND RELATIONSHIP AMONG MICROAGRESSIONS ACTIVITY P L E A S E C O M P L E T E T H E WO R K S H E E T P R O V I D E D IMPACTS OF MICROAGGRESSIONS ON MARGINALIZED POPULATIONS • Harm to mental health • Emotional turmoil • Low self-esteem • Energy depletion • Catch-22 of responding • Can create hostile and invalidating work/education climate • Shifting behaviors based upon group present • Sleep disturbance • Depression and isolation HTTP:// WWW.Y OUTUBE.COM / WA TCH?V=SY QVDI K69NW HTTPS://IMPLICIT.HARVARD.EDU/IMPLICIT/SELECTATEST.HTML VIDEO WHAT CAN YOU DO? • Someone who has committed an microaggression or insult • Remember the conversation • Manage your feelings of defensiveness/be open to hearing difficult feedback • Listen intently to what happened • Reflect on what you heard • Take responsibility • Don’t try to prove your view or how much of a ______ist you are not • Share how you can make it different (if possible) • Follow up WHAT CAN YOU DO? • Marginalized Group Members • Make effort to talk about your experiences with colleagues just to make sure that you aren’t being treated unfairly • Find a support network • Check out the patterns • Ask objective questions (explain and elaborate) WHAT CAN YOU DO? • Advocates • • • • • • Make the “invisible” visible Develop expertise Establish trust Provide appropriate service to diverse populations Become aware of your own values, biases and assumptions Understand intent doesn’t equal impact QUESTIONS?