2.3 Puritan New England

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2.3 Puritan New England
MAIN IDEA
Religion influence the settlement
and government of the New
England colonies.
WHY IT MATTERS NOW
The Puritan work ethic and religious
beliefs influence American culture
today.
Puritans and Pilgrims
• Religious group, want to purify
Church of England.
• Separatists form independent
congregations.
• In 1620, flee to escape religious
persecution, found Plymouth
Colony.
Mayflower Compact
• Puritans landed outside the limits
of Virginia Co. charter.
-Did not apply to them.
• Obey laws agreed upon for the
good of the colony.
-Self government.
-Majority rule.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
• Founded by
joint-stock
company in
1630.
• John Winthrop
is Puritan
colony’s first
Governor.
“City Upon a Hill”
• Create a moral society.
• Civic officials are church
members, have a duty to do
God’s will.
• Puritan adult male vote for
General Court; Court chooses
governor.
Importance of the Family
• Puritans generally migrate as
families.
• Community makes sure family
members behave in “God-fearing”
way.
Roger Williams
• Minister with controversial ideas.
-Against forced attendance for church
and taking Natives Amer. land by force.
• General Court orders his arrest; he
flees.
• 1636, he founds Providence, Rhode
Island.
-Guarantees separation of church and
state, religious freedom.
Anne Hutchinson
• Believes people can worship
without church, minister, or Bible.
• Held discussions that challenged
church authority at her home.
• Banished in 1638; family,
followers leave to Rhode Island.
Native American Resist Colonial
Expansion
• Land Disputes and Treaties.
-Spreading westward and north.
-Native think treaties are temporary,
they’re not.
• Pequot War
-Take a stand against colonists,
nearly destroyed.
King Philip’s War
• Lost land, work for
English, must follow
Puritan laws.
• Metacom, leader
organizes tribes to
wipe out settlers
(1675)
• Fighting is fierce;
hunger, disease,
causalities defeat
tribes.

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