2.3 Puritan New England MAIN IDEA Religion influence the settlement and government of the New England colonies. WHY IT MATTERS NOW The Puritan work ethic and religious beliefs influence American culture today. Puritans and Pilgrims • Religious group, want to purify Church of England. • Separatists form independent congregations. • In 1620, flee to escape religious persecution, found Plymouth Colony. Mayflower Compact • Puritans landed outside the limits of Virginia Co. charter. -Did not apply to them. • Obey laws agreed upon for the good of the colony. -Self government. -Majority rule. Massachusetts Bay Colony • Founded by joint-stock company in 1630. • John Winthrop is Puritan colony’s first Governor. “City Upon a Hill” • Create a moral society. • Civic officials are church members, have a duty to do God’s will. • Puritan adult male vote for General Court; Court chooses governor. Importance of the Family • Puritans generally migrate as families. • Community makes sure family members behave in “God-fearing” way. Roger Williams • Minister with controversial ideas. -Against forced attendance for church and taking Natives Amer. land by force. • General Court orders his arrest; he flees. • 1636, he founds Providence, Rhode Island. -Guarantees separation of church and state, religious freedom. Anne Hutchinson • Believes people can worship without church, minister, or Bible. • Held discussions that challenged church authority at her home. • Banished in 1638; family, followers leave to Rhode Island. Native American Resist Colonial Expansion • Land Disputes and Treaties. -Spreading westward and north. -Native think treaties are temporary, they’re not. • Pequot War -Take a stand against colonists, nearly destroyed. King Philip’s War • Lost land, work for English, must follow Puritan laws. • Metacom, leader organizes tribes to wipe out settlers (1675) • Fighting is fierce; hunger, disease, causalities defeat tribes.