Federal Workforce Development Policy Funding Update

Report
CELEBRATING GREENWAYS
March 26, 2014
FEDERAL WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT
POLICY AND FUNDING UPDATE
SYSTEMIC CHANGE REQUIRED
STUDENT AID
FINANCING AND
POSTSECONDARY
EDUCATION
RESTRUCTURING
HEA
TARGETED
DISCRETIONARY
RESOURCES (e.g.,
TAACCT, WIF, H-1B)
WIA
Wagner Peyser
/ UI
Apprenticeshi
p
LEVERAGING CHANGE
WITHIN EXISTING
SYSTEMS THROUGH
KNOWLEDGE AND
GUIDANCE
TANF/SNAP
SYSTEMS ALIGNMENT
/ INCREASED
FLEXIBILITY
CTE
DOT/HUD/DOE
Alignment of Systems and Changes to Structure, Culture and
Financing of Federal Policies and Programs
BIG PICTURE GOALS FOR WORKFORCE REFORM
Emphasis on Completion & Credentials with Value in Labor Market
Rethinking “traditional” ways of doing things (e.g., Early College;
Career Pathways; Competency-based Learning; Acceleration
Strategies; Credit for Prior Learning; Work-based Learning)
Systemic Change / System Alignment / Leveraging Resources
Emphasis on Employer Engagement/High Demand Sectors
Emphasis on Shared Data / Performance
HIGHER EDUCATION ACT
Federal student aid, authorized under title IV of the Higher
Education Act (HEA), far surpasses funding for training under WIA
and other federal workforce training programs combined.
Pell Grants
WIA Adult
TAA (E&T)
WIA DW
WIA Youth
VR
ES
WIF
TANF (09)
SNAP (09)
*Pell Grants for students age 24 and older shown in blue
STRUCTURAL AND FINANCING
CONSIDERATIONS (CONTINUED)
• The U.S. postsecondary education system, and federal student aid
must reflect the needs of today’s students, not just traditional
students (the focus in the 1960s)
70
60
50
40
Depend
30
independ
20
Column1
10
0
1981
1991
2001
2011
• The structure and culture of postsecondary education and training
and the student aid that finances it must change to move students
through education and training more quickly and efficiently
HEA REAUTHORIZATION
Timing:
• Hearings / On-going
• Reauthorization – Unlikely this Congress
Expected Issues:
• College Costs
• Student Aid Simplification
• Pell Eligibility / Deficits
• Accountability
TO ACHIEVE NEEDED SYSTEMIC
CHANGE -- HEA MUST
• Increasingly reflect needs of high demand employers
• Continue student aid eligibility for non-traditional students
• Restore Ability to Benefit (ATB) at least for Career Pathways students
• Promote and test competency-based and other forms of accelerated
learning for title IV eligibility
• Promote additional accelerated learning strategies (e.g., credit for
prior learning; identification/ training for skills gaps; dual-enrollment
• Clarify title IV eligibility for stackable credentials that result in eligible
programs of study; use of current year income for dislocated wkrs
• Promote integration with work-based learning opportunities (work
study; internships; apprenticeships)
TARGETED DISCRETIONARY &
ADMINISTRATIVE WAIVER AUTHORITY
FUNDING
• HEA Experimental Sites Authority
• WIA National Emergency Grants, Pilots & Demonstrations
• H-1B funding (Youth CareerConnect; Work-Ready grants)
• Workforce Innovation Fund (WIF)
• TAA Community College Training (TAACCT) grants (last round)
• TANF Waiver Authority
• Working as a whole, these resources could leverage significant
change—resulting in state and regional employment and training
strategies that cut across individual programs and funding silos
WIA, TANF, CTE
FLEXIBILITY AND WAIVER AUTHORITY
• Discretionary funding can lead to reforms in broader workforce
system—replication of best practices and system innovations.
• Common performance measures and data can lead to cross-system
priorities, alignment and reforms
• Joint guidance, waiver and other flexibility authority (e.g., WIA, EdFlex, Experimental Sites and TANF waivers), and incentives— can
lead to career pathways systems (building from joint framework for
Career Pathways systems).
WIA REAUTHORIZATION - HOUSE
WIA REAUTHORIZATION - HOUSE
• Passed House March 15, 2013 (party-line vote)
• Consolidates 27 programs into single Workforce Invest Fund
• Designation of Regions left to Governors
• Allows for Single Block Grants to States
• Requires *LWIBs & SWIBs with 2/3 Business Representation
(only required members)
• Requires training for jobs in high demand (sector-based training
encouraged but not required); no Career Pathways requirement
• Decreased emphasis on targeted populations & youth
WIA REAUTHORIZATION - SENATE
• Bipartisan bill – building on last Congress’ draft (Murray/Isakson)
• Committee reported this Summer
• Limited consolidation – increases emphasis on aligned strategic
planning, performance measurement, data and reporting
• Requires regional convening, planning, service delivery; and
partnerships for innovation, growth, and leveraged funding
• Increased emphasis on training in high demand sectors
• Strong emphasis on Career Pathways
• Encouragement for integrated service delivery models,
particularly adult education, WIA and postsecondary programs
CAREER & TECHNICAL EDUCATION (CTE)
Reauthorization of Perkins CTE – issues to consider:
• Expansion of rigorous Programs of Study
• Alignment with/ Career Pathways systems development
• Alignment of CTE curricula w/ Common Core State Standards;
and Common Career Technical Core with employer validated
occupational skills and credentials
• Promotion of acceleration (e.g. dual-enrollment, competencybased strategies)
• Assurances that coursework is non-duplicative, articulates
secondary to postsecondary, results in attainment of industryrecognized credentials and employment in high demand jobs
• Opportunities for contextualized and work-based learning
CAREER & TECHNICAL EDUCATION (CTE)
Reauthorization of Perkins CTE – issues to consider:
• Expansion of rigorous Programs of Study
• Alignment with/ Career Pathways systems development
• Alignment of CTE curricula w/ Common Core State Standards;
and Common Career Technical Core with employer validated
occupational skills and credentials
• Promotion of acceleration (e.g. dual-enrollment, competencybased strategies)
• Assurances that coursework is non-duplicative, articulates
secondary to postsecondary, results in attainment of industryrecognized credentials and employment in high demand jobs
• Opportunities for contextualized and work-based learning
TRANSPORTATION WORKFORCE FUNDING
Infrastructure Funding, especially transportation, a major focus in Budget.
Infrastructure funding is a major job creation tool; resources also available
for workforce development.
In addition to a $10 million fund for OJT (FHWA), states are allowed to use
½ of 1% of their surface transportation program funds for on-the-job
training (OJT) program for underrepresented populations at the discretion
of states’ transportation agencies.
Section 504(e) of the MAP21 Act allows funds to states for core programs
to be used for workforce development, training and education (e.g., tuition,
professional development, internships, program support, apprenticeships)
Solicitation out for Regional Surface Transportation Workforce Centers to
enhance transportation workforce efforts in 5 regions of US (NE, MW, SE,
SW, W)
PRESIDENT’S FY 15 BUDGET & STATE OF THE
UNION FOCUS ON JOB-DRIVEN INITIATIVES
Raising Min Wage For Federal Contract Workers ($10.10)
Partnering with Leading CEOs on Long-Term Unemployed
Expanding Apprenticeships (2x over 4 years): mobilizing business,
community college & Labor; dedicating resources from multiple
sources including Community College Partnership Grants
Summits: Expanding College Access; Long-Term Unemployed;
Building a 21st Century Workforce for America’s Working Families –
to build support from business leaders, educators, labor, mayors,
governors and others for policies and practices in these areas.
Tax cuts for working families; Expansion of EITC; Investments in
skills training; Research & Development
PRESIDENT’S FY 15 BUDGET
& STATE OF THE UNION
Pro-growth Infrastructure Investments, Including a 4-year $302
Billion Surface Transportation Reauthorization Proposal
Extension of Extended UI & Reforms
Workplace Fairness for Women – Funding & encouragement for
paid leave policies; strengthening of Equal Pay Act
Government-wide Study of Federal Training Programs (Biden)
SelectUSA -- Aggressive Reform and Expansion of government
efforts to level playing field -- invest in and bring jobs to the US
Closing loopholes that reward offshoring
PRESIDENTS’ BUDGET ON
POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION
Focus on Expanded Access, Completion, Acceleration, Lower Costs
New College Ratings System (completion/affordability)
Bonuses to Colleges for Improving Educational Outcomes For Low- And
Moderate-income Students
Reinstatement of ATB for determining Pell Eligibility for Students without a
HS Diploma or GED if co-enrolled In Adult and Postsecondary Education in
a Career Pathways Program
Increasing Pell maximum, creating an American Opp Tax Credit; student
loan reforms to eliminate bank subsidies
$ Pilots, Demonstrations, Evaluations of Alternative HEA Strategies That
Promote Persistence, Academic Success And Acceleration Toward
Degrees/Credentials
PROMOTING INNOVATIVE, JOB-DRIVEN APPROACHES TO
TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
Proposes additional $750 mil to restore prior cuts in training and
employment services targeted to Innovation & Special Populations
Holds WIA Dislocated Worker, Adult, and Youth formulas at FY 14
$80 mil for Incentive Grants to reward states exceeding
performance for subpopulations with barriers To employment
$60 mil for the Workforce Innovation Fund
$15 mil for regional Sector initiatives
PRESIDENT’S FY 2015 JOB DRIVEN BUDGET
$1.5 bil in each of 4 years ($6 bil total) Community College JobDriven Training Fund - $500 mil devoted each year to new
Apprenticeships–doubling US apprenticeships over 5 years
$4 bil new Career Pathways Program streamlining and building on
best elements of DW and TAA programs
$2 bil mandatory Bridge To Work funding allowing UI receipt while
in short-term work placement & other back to work strategies
$4 bil mandatory funding (over 2 years) for partnerships with
business, education & training providers for long-term unemployed
$2.5 bil for Summer Jobs Plus and Innovation grants to improve
skills and career options of Disadvantaged Youth.
ADMINISTRATION BUDGET AND EXECUTIVE
ACTIONS CONTINUED
$158 mil for reemployment & eligibility assessments/services to test
getting people back to work as quickly as possible
No funding requested for WANTO – intending that the $500 mil per
year (under the Community College Partnerships) will be devoted
to expansion of apprenticeships including those for women in
nontraditional occupations
H-1B Ready to Work Solicitation ($150 mil out now) to prepare and
place those facing long-term unemployment into good jobs –
focuses on OJT, paid work and apprenticeships as major strategies
for reemployment
Last round of TAACCCT grants expected soon
MARY GARDNER CLAGETT
Director, Workforce Policy
[email protected]
DC 202.709-5330, Ext. 406
TEL 617.728.4446 FAX 617.728.4857
88 Broad Street, 8th Floor, Boston, MA 02110
122 C Street, NW, Suite 650, Washington, DC 20001
WWW.JFF.ORG

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