Poetry Unit - Sept. 2014

Poetry Unit
Sept. 16 - Sept. 26
Student Objectives for Unit
- SWBAT interpret meaning in poetry.
- SWBAT support an interpretation of a poem
with evidence from the text.
- SWBAT define literary terms as they relate to
poetry and identify those devices and concepts
within poetry.
Essential Questions
1. What are poetic devices?
2. How are poetic devices used to engage the
3. Who were some of the prominent figures in
poetry movements and how did they influence
the creative flow and process of writing poetry?
What is poetry? - Sept. 16
1. What is poetry?
2. What have you learned about it in the past?
3. How do you feel about poetry? Do you enjoy
it? Why or why not?
4. What is imagery? How is it used in poems?
5. Think of poetry you have read in a previous
English class, why did you like or dislike it?
Poetry Terms
Assonance - the repetition of vowel sounds to
create internal rhyming within phrases or
Example - Johnny went here and there and
Poetry Terms
Consonance - refers to repetitive sounds within
a sentence or phrase.
Example - The ship has sailed to the far off
Poetry Terms
Blank Verse - a literary device defined as unrhyming verse written in iambic pentameter. In
poetry and prose, it has a consistent meter with
10 syllables in each line.
Example - Something there is that doesn’t love a
Poetry Terms
Free Verse - these poems have no set meter,
which is the rhythm of the words, no rhyme
scheme, or any particular structure.
Poetry Terms
Iambic Pentameter - a certain kind of line of
poetry, and usually has 10 syllables per line.
Example - Shall I compare thee to a summer’s
Poetry Terms
Internal Rhyme - is a poetic device which can
be defined as metrical lines in which its middle
words and its end words rhymes with each
Example - “Once upon a midnight dreary,
while I pondered weak and weary,”
Poetry Terms
Lyric Poem - consists of a poem, such as a
sonnet, that expresses the thoughts and feelings
of the poet.
Poetry Terms
Narrative Poem - report of related events
presented to the listeners or readers in words
arranged in a logical sequence.
Poetry Terms
Refrain - a phrase, line, or group of lines that is
repeated throughout a poem, usually after each
Poetry Terms
Rhythm - a literary device which demonstrates
the long and short patterns through stressed
and unstressed syllables.
Poetry Terms
Slant Rhyme - a rhyme in which the stressed
syllables of ending consonants match, however
the preceding vowel sounds do not.
Example - If love is like a bridge,
Or maybe like a grudge
Poetry Terms
Symbol - using an object or action that means
something more than its literal meaning.
Example - Red - danger, anger
White - purity, new
How To Annotate Poetry
1. Read the poem
2. Title - Make a note concerning the title and its
possible meaning.
3. Identify the speaker/identify point of view.
How To Annotate Poetry
4. Identify mood and tone - Underline key words that
contribute to the speaker’s mood and tone.
5. Comment on the poem’s structure - rhyme scheme,
meter, form, etc.
6. Identify all examples of figurative language.
How To Annotate Poetry
7. Imagery - Identify central images in the poem.
8. Diction - Circle significant words and words that you
don’t know (define them). Comment on the use of
repetition and the author’s word choices.
9. Symbols - Identify any symbolic images.
How To Annotate Poetry
10. Write questions about the poem. Write your
reaction to the poem.
Emily Dickinson
- Wrote 366 poems in 1862 because of
- When she was in her 30’s she became reclusive
from the world.
- By middle age, she rarely went out of the house.
- Siblings rescued some of her poems after she
What makes her significant?
- Her style set her apart from other poets and writers of
the time.
- Capitalization - often capitalized words in the middle of
sentences in order to draw attention to them.
- Punctuation (Dashes) - to allow for soft pauses to
emphasize the rhythm of the poem. She seldom uses
What makes her significant?
- Use of slant rhyme - this was somewhat
unconventional in this time period. Most
poems followed a particular rhyme scheme.
- Metaphor - her poems are short and her
comparisons are powerful. She uses a lot of
personification to convey comparisons.
Common Themes in Her Poetry
- Nature and death
- Heartbreak
‘Hope is the thing with feathers’
1. What is the extended metaphor in this poem?
2. What is the theme of this poem? Summarize this in one
3. Analyze the title. How does it relate to the poem?
4. What types of figurative language are being used in this poem?
‘My Life had stood a Loaded Gun’
1. What is the author’s tone throughout this poem? What words or lines
allow you to infer this?
2. Analyze the title. How does it relate to the poem? What does it mean?
3. How is personification used in this poem?
4. What is the theme, or central message, in this poem? Explain your
Music vs. Poetry
1. How are music and poetry alike? Explain your answer
2. How are they different?
3. Think of one of your favorite songs. Write down some of the
lyrics. Do you see any figurative language? If so, explain.
Parallel Structure Quiz - Sept. 18
1. He is an excellent tennis player because
he is fast, accurate, and plays
Parallel Structure Quiz
2. John scooped up the butter with his
finger, tasted it, and making a face.
Parallel Structure Quiz
3. Drinking hot chocolate for breakfast
appeals to me more than coffee.
Parallel Structure Quiz
4. Walking and to swim are good exercise.
Parallel Structure Quiz
5. The prisoners passed us with hanging
heads, drooping shoulders, and shuffled
their feet.
Parallel Structure Quiz
a. Carlos has imagination, patience, and is
b. Carlos is imaginative, patient, and
Parallel Structure Quiz
a. Exercising regularly and eating well are
two things that I have trouble doing.
b. To exercise regularly and eating well are
two things that I have trouble doing.
Parallel Structure Quiz
a. Jennifer is smart, beautiful, and loves
b. Jennifer is smart, beautiful, and caring.
Parallel Structure Quiz
a. Most people play golf for pleasure, for
exercise, and for social contacts.
b. Most people play golf for pleasure, for
exercise, and so they can meet people.
Parallel Structure Quiz
a. The most dangerous forms of transportation are
bicycles, cars, and motorcycles.
b. The most dangerous forms of transportation are
riding bicycles, cars, and riding motorcycles.
What does an in-text citation look like?
Jackson, Andrew. “Understanding Gothic
Literature.” New York Times March 2012.
How do I include a citation into my
In his article “Understanding Gothic
Literature,” local historian Andrew
Jackson demonstrates how readers must
have a passion for the particular genre.
How do I include a citation in my
A recent newspaper article
demonstrated just how much gothic
literature has impacted the English
language over the years (Jackson).
Sample In-Text Citation
“The highest rated colleges this year are those
specializing in technical fields. If you have the skills in
any area of technology, you can write your own ticket
and work anywhere in the world.”
Albers, Joe. Presentation. “Multiple Intelligences and
Career Paths.” Durango, 25 Feb. 2000.
Ms. Wolford’s Example:
Having appropriate skills in any technological
field will land you a job after college (Albers).
In-Text Citation Practice
“Most students leave school with ‘jeopardy’ knowledge,
but no real skills. What employers want are potential
employees who have the skills to learn, not just the
learning itself.”
“What Employers Want.” The New Horizon July 2006.
In-Text Citation Practice
“Students need to be equipped with at least one
skill or trade by the time they leave high school.”
Adams, Carl. Personal Interview. 14 August 2014.
We Real Cool - Sept. 19
We real cool. We
Left school. We
Lurk late. We
Strike straight. We
Sing sin. We
Thin gin. We
Jazz June. We
Die soon.
1. Read the poem to the left.
2. What is the theme of this short poem?
Explain what you think it means.
3. Analyze the line that says, “We sing sin.”
What do you think the author is implying
4. Identify at least two examples of alliteration.
5. Who does this poem refer to? How do you
6. What type of impact does the last line have
on your mood as the reader?
Harlem Renaissance
- Read the section on pg. 871 titled Harlem
- Summarize what you learned about the
movement in at least three sentences.
- Be prepared to share this with your peers.
Harlem Renaissance Questions
1. Despite differences in their backgrounds, what
did the writers of the Harlem Renaissance
1. What did Langston Hughes mean when he said
that “Jazz is a heartbeat”?
Found Poem Guidelines
- Look for words or phrases within the poem that
you find moving or interesting and that relates to
the theme.
-Take the words or phrases you have an arrange
them in a way that forms a poem.
-Add your own words or phrases to meet the
minimum requirement, while considering the tone,
mood, and theme in the poem you read.
Harlem Renaissance Poster Project
You have the rest of class to complete
your poster with your partner.
It is due to me for an elevated quiz
grade before you leave.
Expressing Feelings - Sept. 23
- Why is music or poetry the common outlet that people use to
express their feelings?
- When you are made or upset, how do you express your
- Is it important to have an outlet like music or writing to turn
to when you are upset, why or why not?
- How can music or poetry be used to communicate struggles
or common obstacles?
Spoken Word Reflection
- What did you most enjoy about watching these artists
- Do you think this is an effective way of sharing frustrations or
feelings? Why or why not?
- What do all of these artists that you watched perform today
have in common?
- If you could meet any one of them, which would you meet?
Why? What would you say?
Creating Your Own Spoken Word Poem
Your objective is to choose a topic that is passionate to you and
write a piece of spoken word poetry. It must include:
1. 1 hyperbole
2. 2 similes
3. 1 metaphor
4. 1 line of alliteration
5. 1 piece of personification
6. 1 vivid line of visual imagery
7. Must be at least 10 lines in length
Why I Hate School But Love Education
Response - Sept. 25
1. Please respond with your thoughts on the video
in at least a paragraph.
2. What types of figurative language did the artist
use in his presentation? Was it helpful to
understanding? Explain.
3. How might someone refute (argue against) this
Subject Verb Practice # 1
Write the sentences choosing the correct verb. Underline the
subject of the sentence.
1. Megan and Tyler (was, were) walking home from school
when the rain started.
2. Kevin nor his brothers (work, works) after school.
3. The football players (run, runs) five miles every day.
4. The center on the basketball team (bounce, bounces) the
5. The weather on the coast (appear, appears) to be good this
Stream of Consciousness
A literary style in which a character's
thoughts, feelings, and reactions are
depicted in a continuous flow
uninterrupted by objective description or
conventional dialogue.
Dramatic Monologue
The speaker addresses a silent or absent listener in
a moment of high intensity or deep emotion, as if
engaged in private conversation.
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Answer questions 1-3, 5 & 6 on page
I Am, I Saw, I Think, I Know Poem
- You are now going to write your own example of a
dramatic monologue/stream of consciousness.
- You will have 4 stanzas in your poem. They will start
with the following categories: I Am, I Saw, I Think, I
- Each stanza must have at least 6 lines and must
resemble iambic pentameter.
- You are writing in the same sense as T.S. Eliot.
- Questions?

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