Poetry Unit Sept. 16 - Sept. 26 Student Objectives for Unit - SWBAT interpret meaning in poetry. - SWBAT support an interpretation of a poem with evidence from the text. - SWBAT define literary terms as they relate to poetry and identify those devices and concepts within poetry. Essential Questions 1. What are poetic devices? 2. How are poetic devices used to engage the reader? 3. Who were some of the prominent figures in poetry movements and how did they influence the creative flow and process of writing poetry? What is poetry? - Sept. 16 1. What is poetry? 2. What have you learned about it in the past? 3. How do you feel about poetry? Do you enjoy it? Why or why not? 4. What is imagery? How is it used in poems? 5. Think of poetry you have read in a previous English class, why did you like or dislike it? Poetry Terms Assonance - the repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences. Example - Johnny went here and there and everywhere. Poetry Terms Consonance - refers to repetitive sounds within a sentence or phrase. Example - The ship has sailed to the far off shores. Poetry Terms Blank Verse - a literary device defined as unrhyming verse written in iambic pentameter. In poetry and prose, it has a consistent meter with 10 syllables in each line. Example - Something there is that doesn’t love a wall. Poetry Terms Free Verse - these poems have no set meter, which is the rhythm of the words, no rhyme scheme, or any particular structure. Poetry Terms Iambic Pentameter - a certain kind of line of poetry, and usually has 10 syllables per line. Example - Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Poetry Terms Internal Rhyme - is a poetic device which can be defined as metrical lines in which its middle words and its end words rhymes with each other. Example - “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary,” Poetry Terms Lyric Poem - consists of a poem, such as a sonnet, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. Poetry Terms Narrative Poem - report of related events presented to the listeners or readers in words arranged in a logical sequence. Poetry Terms Refrain - a phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after each stanza. Poetry Terms Rhythm - a literary device which demonstrates the long and short patterns through stressed and unstressed syllables. Poetry Terms Slant Rhyme - a rhyme in which the stressed syllables of ending consonants match, however the preceding vowel sounds do not. Example - If love is like a bridge, Or maybe like a grudge Poetry Terms Symbol - using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning. Example - Red - danger, anger White - purity, new beginning How To Annotate Poetry 1. Read the poem 2. Title - Make a note concerning the title and its possible meaning. 3. Identify the speaker/identify point of view. How To Annotate Poetry 4. Identify mood and tone - Underline key words that contribute to the speaker’s mood and tone. 5. Comment on the poem’s structure - rhyme scheme, meter, form, etc. 6. Identify all examples of figurative language. How To Annotate Poetry 7. Imagery - Identify central images in the poem. 8. Diction - Circle significant words and words that you don’t know (define them). Comment on the use of repetition and the author’s word choices. 9. Symbols - Identify any symbolic images. How To Annotate Poetry 10. Write questions about the poem. Write your reaction to the poem. Emily Dickinson - Wrote 366 poems in 1862 because of heartbreak. - When she was in her 30’s she became reclusive from the world. - By middle age, she rarely went out of the house. - Siblings rescued some of her poems after she died. What makes her significant? - Her style set her apart from other poets and writers of the time. - Capitalization - often capitalized words in the middle of sentences in order to draw attention to them. - Punctuation (Dashes) - to allow for soft pauses to emphasize the rhythm of the poem. She seldom uses periods. What makes her significant? - Use of slant rhyme - this was somewhat unconventional in this time period. Most poems followed a particular rhyme scheme. - Metaphor - her poems are short and her comparisons are powerful. She uses a lot of personification to convey comparisons. Common Themes in Her Poetry - Nature and death - Heartbreak ‘Hope is the thing with feathers’ Questions 1. What is the extended metaphor in this poem? 2. What is the theme of this poem? Summarize this in one sentence. 3. Analyze the title. How does it relate to the poem? 4. What types of figurative language are being used in this poem? Explain. ‘My Life had stood a Loaded Gun’ Questions 1. What is the author’s tone throughout this poem? What words or lines allow you to infer this? 2. Analyze the title. How does it relate to the poem? What does it mean? 3. How is personification used in this poem? 4. What is the theme, or central message, in this poem? Explain your answer. Music vs. Poetry 1. How are music and poetry alike? Explain your answer thoroughly. 2. How are they different? 3. Think of one of your favorite songs. Write down some of the lyrics. Do you see any figurative language? If so, explain. Parallel Structure Quiz - Sept. 18 1. He is an excellent tennis player because he is fast, accurate, and plays aggressively. Parallel Structure Quiz 2. John scooped up the butter with his finger, tasted it, and making a face. Parallel Structure Quiz 3. Drinking hot chocolate for breakfast appeals to me more than coffee. Parallel Structure Quiz 4. Walking and to swim are good exercise. Parallel Structure Quiz 5. The prisoners passed us with hanging heads, drooping shoulders, and shuffled their feet. Parallel Structure Quiz 6. a. Carlos has imagination, patience, and is perceptive. b. Carlos is imaginative, patient, and perceptive. Parallel Structure Quiz 7. a. Exercising regularly and eating well are two things that I have trouble doing. b. To exercise regularly and eating well are two things that I have trouble doing. Parallel Structure Quiz 8. a. Jennifer is smart, beautiful, and loves everyone. b. Jennifer is smart, beautiful, and caring. Parallel Structure Quiz 9. a. Most people play golf for pleasure, for exercise, and for social contacts. b. Most people play golf for pleasure, for exercise, and so they can meet people. Parallel Structure Quiz 10. a. The most dangerous forms of transportation are bicycles, cars, and motorcycles. b. The most dangerous forms of transportation are riding bicycles, cars, and riding motorcycles. What does an in-text citation look like? Citation: Jackson, Andrew. “Understanding Gothic Literature.” New York Times March 2012. How do I include a citation into my paper? In his article “Understanding Gothic Literature,” local historian Andrew Jackson demonstrates how readers must have a passion for the particular genre. How do I include a citation in my paper? A recent newspaper article demonstrated just how much gothic literature has impacted the English language over the years (Jackson). Sample In-Text Citation “The highest rated colleges this year are those specializing in technical fields. If you have the skills in any area of technology, you can write your own ticket and work anywhere in the world.” Albers, Joe. Presentation. “Multiple Intelligences and Career Paths.” Durango, 25 Feb. 2000. Ms. Wolford’s Example: Having appropriate skills in any technological field will land you a job after college (Albers). In-Text Citation Practice “Most students leave school with ‘jeopardy’ knowledge, but no real skills. What employers want are potential employees who have the skills to learn, not just the learning itself.” “What Employers Want.” The New Horizon July 2006. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/employers/article In-Text Citation Practice “Students need to be equipped with at least one skill or trade by the time they leave high school.” Adams, Carl. Personal Interview. 14 August 2014. We Real Cool - Sept. 19 We real cool. We Left school. We Lurk late. We Strike straight. We Sing sin. We Thin gin. We Jazz June. We Die soon. 1. Read the poem to the left. 2. What is the theme of this short poem? Explain what you think it means. 3. Analyze the line that says, “We sing sin.” What do you think the author is implying here? 4. Identify at least two examples of alliteration. 5. Who does this poem refer to? How do you know? 6. What type of impact does the last line have on your mood as the reader? Harlem Renaissance - Read the section on pg. 871 titled Harlem Renaissance. - Summarize what you learned about the movement in at least three sentences. - Be prepared to share this with your peers. Harlem Renaissance Questions 1. Despite differences in their backgrounds, what did the writers of the Harlem Renaissance share? 1. What did Langston Hughes mean when he said that “Jazz is a heartbeat”? Found Poem Guidelines - Look for words or phrases within the poem that you find moving or interesting and that relates to the theme. -Take the words or phrases you have an arrange them in a way that forms a poem. -Add your own words or phrases to meet the minimum requirement, while considering the tone, mood, and theme in the poem you read. Harlem Renaissance Poster Project You have the rest of class to complete your poster with your partner. It is due to me for an elevated quiz grade before you leave. Expressing Feelings - Sept. 23 - Why is music or poetry the common outlet that people use to express their feelings? - When you are made or upset, how do you express your frustrations? - Is it important to have an outlet like music or writing to turn to when you are upset, why or why not? - How can music or poetry be used to communicate struggles or common obstacles? Spoken Word Reflection - What did you most enjoy about watching these artists perform? - Do you think this is an effective way of sharing frustrations or feelings? Why or why not? - What do all of these artists that you watched perform today have in common? - If you could meet any one of them, which would you meet? Why? What would you say? Creating Your Own Spoken Word Poem Your objective is to choose a topic that is passionate to you and write a piece of spoken word poetry. It must include: 1. 1 hyperbole 2. 2 similes 3. 1 metaphor 4. 1 line of alliteration 5. 1 piece of personification 6. 1 vivid line of visual imagery 7. Must be at least 10 lines in length Why I Hate School But Love Education Response - Sept. 25 1. Please respond with your thoughts on the video in at least a paragraph. 2. What types of figurative language did the artist use in his presentation? Was it helpful to understanding? Explain. 3. How might someone refute (argue against) this video? Subject Verb Practice # 1 Write the sentences choosing the correct verb. Underline the subject of the sentence. 1. Megan and Tyler (was, were) walking home from school when the rain started. 2. Kevin nor his brothers (work, works) after school. 3. The football players (run, runs) five miles every day. 4. The center on the basketball team (bounce, bounces) the ball. 5. The weather on the coast (appear, appears) to be good this weekend. Stream of Consciousness A literary style in which a character's thoughts, feelings, and reactions are depicted in a continuous flow uninterrupted by objective description or conventional dialogue. Dramatic Monologue The speaker addresses a silent or absent listener in a moment of high intensity or deep emotion, as if engaged in private conversation. The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock Answer questions 1-3, 5 & 6 on page 974 I Am, I Saw, I Think, I Know Poem - You are now going to write your own example of a dramatic monologue/stream of consciousness. - You will have 4 stanzas in your poem. They will start with the following categories: I Am, I Saw, I Think, I Know. - Each stanza must have at least 6 lines and must resemble iambic pentameter. - You are writing in the same sense as T.S. Eliot. - Questions?