Title

Report
INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO
HPMP APPROVALS AND TECHNOLOGY
BACKGROUND

HPMP content guidelines adopted through ExCom
Decision 54/39 and Document
UNEP/OzL.Pro/ExCom/54/59, Annex-XIX)

HPMP funding guidelines adopted through ExCom
Decision 60/44 (to be reviewed in 2013)

ExCom guidance briefly covers:
o Substances to be prioritized (higher ODP)
o Sectors to be prioritized (Foams)
o How HPMPs should be prepared including level
of information expected
o Maximum funding to be provided
1
HPMPs APPROVED SO FAR

Globally about 23 A5 countries account for over 93%
of the HCFC consumption

HPMPs for about 81 (out of the 145) A5 countries
approved so far

Major A5 countries with HPMPs approved include:
Brazil, China, Colombia, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico,
Nigeria, Vietnam

Major A5 countries with HPMPs not yet approved
include: Egypt, India, Malaysia, Philippines, Saudi
Arabia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey
2
TECHNOLOGY ISSUES

MOP Decision XIX/6 urges parties to select
technologies for replacing HCFCs, that minimize
adverse impacts on environment, health and safety

The decision also asks ExCom to prioritize activities
for funding that are cost-effective and maximize
climate benefits taking into account national
circumstances

Basically, the spirit of MOP Decision XIX/6, is that
alternative technologies for HCFCs, should be better
for environment, health and safety
3
TECHNOLOGY ISSUES (CONT’D)

Over 75% of the global consumption of HCFCs in
metric tonnes is by HCFC-22 (R-22)

HCFC-22 is predominantly used as a refrigerant in air
conditioning and refrigeration equipment

Air-conditioners have become a part of daily life for
large sections of populations in developing countries

Large proportion of HCFC-141b consumption, is as a
blowing agent in PU foams. A significant proportion of
that consumption in developing countries is in SMEs
and rigid polyurethane foams
4
TECHNOLOGY ISSUES (CONT’D)

Significant portion of the HCFC-141b and HCFC-22
consumption (in manufacturing in developing
countries), is in appliances such as air-conditioners
and refrigerators

Appliances are a significant source of energy
consumption in households and other buildings

Energy costs are increasing in developing countries

Energy-efficiency is an important consideration in
selecting alternatives to HCFC-141b and HCFC-22

Health (toxicity) and Safety (flammability) are other
important considerations
5
THANK YOU!
Comments, suggestions and questions welcome
http://www.undp.org/chemicals/montrealprotocol.htm
[email protected]
[email protected]
6

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