Is environment (and CBD) at the heart of EU development policy

Report
The EU-ACP partnership
(Cotonou agreement)
Sally Nicholson
ENPI workshop November 06
Cotonou Agreement
• Partnership between EU and 78 countries in Africa,
Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP countries)
• Trade agreements, Development aid, Political dialogue,
participatory approaches
• Commitments from all partners to environmental integration
into programming
• European Development Fund is the financial instrument of
the Cotonou Partnership
European Development Fund (ACP)
EDF Commitme nts €bn
25
20
€b
n
15
10
5
0
EDF 6
(19851990)
EDF 7
(19901995)
EDF 8
(19952000)
EDF 9
(2000 2007)
EDF 10
(20082013)
New guidelines for aid programming
• European Development Consensus – emphasises need for
environmental integration and highlights environment as a
focal sector
• New, improved guidelines for Regional and Country
Strategy Papers
• Country environmental profiles obligatory
• Environmental analysis is part of the overall CSP diagnosis
• Enhanced role for non-state actors – consultation and direct
grants
• Use of Strategic Environmental Assessments
Support to WWF offices in ACP
•
•
•
•
•
Manual in French and English and Summary
Training workshop in Africa
Production of brochures for use by colleagues in Africa
Newsletter to offices in ACP countries
Facilitation of support from European NOs and sharing of
information
Indications to date
• Civil society outreach has not been as effective as hoped
• Parliamentarians in ACP countries not in the picture
• Little participation of other ministries in the process
BUT
• Evidence that Country Environmental Profiles are being
done
• Environment has been proposed as a non-focal sector in
some countries/regions
• Finnish presidency has stressed natural resource needs
Access to information
• Need for availability of information and documentation so
that civil society can play its part
• Eg Availability of Country Environmental Profile for the
consultations on the draft strategy papers
• Access to Environmental Impact Assessments and
Strategic Environmental Assessment
• WWF writing to EC country delegations and asking MEPs
to ask questions of Commisson

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