U.S. History

Report
U.S. History
Chapters 14
Cities and Immigration
Immigrants form Southern and
Eastern Europe
Section 1
Words to Know
 Ghetto: A neighborhood where people of the same
race, religion, or country live.
 Tenement: An apartment house with poor safety,
sanitation, and comfort conditions.
 Skyscraper: A very tall building with many floors,
elevators, and steel frame.
New Immigrants
 1840’s-1870’s: most came
from southern and eastern
Europe.
 GB, Ireland, Germany
 “New” Immigrants 1880’s
+:
 “New” meant they were
different than prior
immigrants
 Russia, Poland, Italy, and
Greece
 Settled in NYC, Newark,
NJ, Cleve, Detroit, Chicago
New Immigrants cont.
 Religions mostly:
 Catholic
 Jewish
 Greek Orthodox
 Most did not speak English
 Used to living and working in
different conditions
 Saw US as a place to begin
a new life
 Wars
 Violence
 Religious Freedom
Coming to America
 After 1892:
 Landed on Ellis Island
(small island by S. O. L.)
 Checked for diseases
 Ellis Island used for the
next 60 years
 Records kept
 Problems




Language
No skills
No money to buy land
Living in cities/working at
factories
Changing Cities
 Populations exploded
 Live next to one another
 Language
 Religion
 Customs
 1870-1920: cities grew from
10m - 50m
 Lived in the ghettos
(separate from other parts)
 Dishonest Americans
cheated them:
 Out of money (higher prices)
 Hate
Living in Cities
 Rapid growth between
1860 and 1900:
 Not enough places to live
 Tenements set up
 To many people in one





living space
Neighborhoods dirty and
crowded
Noise
Garbage
Bugs/rats
Led to diseases
Unsafe Workplaces
 Jobs in factories




Long hours
Little pay
Poor light
Little fresh air
Fire
 Always a danger in
overcrowded cities
 1911: fire at Triangle
Shirtwaist Co.:
 New York City
 Workers not able to leave
building quickly:
 Doors were locked
 140+ workers died:
 Mostly women
Crime

Big problem for people living in poor,
crowded neighborhoods

Pickpockets

Gangs


Attacked and robbed people
More police added, but crime rose to fast for police
to control
GOOD POINTS

Excitement/new opportunities

Public schools and colleges

Museums/libraries/theaters/shops/sports
CHANGING LANDSCAPE

Growth of steel industry and electric power

Skyscrapers
Classwork
 None

similar documents