Starting RDA Implementation in Arabic Libraries - MENA-IUG

Report
Starting RDA Implementation in
Arabic Libraries
Issues and Considerations
Iman Khairy
Senior Cataloging Librarian
Qatar National Library
Qatar Foundation
[email protected]
Millennium MENA-IUG Conference
Doha, Qatar
November 18-21, 2013
Outline
• General Overview of RDA
• AACR2-RDA Comparisons
• Implementation Plan
• Conclusion
General Overview of RDA
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What is RDA?
Why RDA?
What’s wrong with AACR?
Who are the developers of RDA?
Historical Background
Preparing for RDA
AACR2-RDA Comparison
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Things that stay the same
Some changes to know about
Things that are different
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
AACR2 vs. RDA/FRBR and ILS
Implementation Plan
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When?
Budget?
Training?
Cataloging data changes?
ILS changes?
What is RDA?
• RDA stands for: Resource
Description and Access
• New cataloging standard that will
replace AACR2
• Data content standard, not a
display or encoding standard
• Intended to be more international
and less Anglo centric
What is RDA?
• Based on FRBR (Functional
Requirements for Bibliographic
Records) and FRAD (Functional
Requirements for Authority
Records)
• RDA can be used with MARC, but
is structured to work with other
data formats such as Dublin Core
Why RDA?
•
•
•
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New Formats and Types
Designed for Online Environment
To Be More International
Change of Users’ Expectations
What’s wrong with AACR?
• Lack of logical structure
• Mixing content and carrier data
• (manuscript on microform, map on DVD, etc.)
•
•
•
•
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Hierarchical relationships missing
Anglo-American centric
Written before FRBR
Not enough support for collocation
Before Internet, metadata and
digital environment
Based on slide from Barbara B. Tillett, Univ. of Florence
Who are the developers of RDA?
Joint Steering Committee for
Development of RDA (JSC):
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•
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•
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•
Australian Committee on Cataloguing (ACOC)
American Library Association (ALA)
British Library (BL)
Canadian Committee on Cataloguing (CCC)
Chartered Institute of Library and Information
Professionals (CILIP)
Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB)
Library of Congress (LC)
Historical Background
• 1997: International Conference on
the Principles & Future
Development of AACR, Toronto
• 1998: FRBR Published by IFLA
• 2002-2004: Work on new
standards AACR3
• 2005: AACR3 developed to be
RDA
Historical Background
• 2006-2007: community reviews
of draft portions of RDA
• More drafts and revisions on RDA
• June 22, 2010: Public release of
RDA Toolkit
• July 1st 2010 – Dec. 2010: Training,
Testing; creating records
• January 1 – March 31, 2011:
analysis and evaluation
Historical Background
• June 2011: Big RDA
announcement
• (postpone implementation, no sooner
than January 2013)
• 2011-2012: LC RDA Training
• Conducted by Program for
Cooperative Cataloging (PCC)
• March 31, 2013: RDA
Implementation
• LC and LC’s partner national libraries
Preparing for RDA
Glossary
RDA
Toolkit
Rules &
Guidelines
Resources
Training
Frequently Used Terminology
RDA Toolkit
LC-PCC PS
Core
Elements
Core
Core if
FRBR/FRAD
Entities
Attributes
Relationships
WEMI: Work, Expression,
Manifestation, Item
RDA Terminology Changes
• Access point (not added entry)
• Authorized access point (Not main entry or
headings)
• Variant access points (not see references)
• Authorized access point for related entity
(not see also references)
• Preferred title for a work (not uniform title)
• Creator (not author)
• Preferred access point (not heading)
• Carrier description (not physical description)
• Preferred sources (not chief source)
RDA Toolkit
• Available online for subscription
• Available through Cataloger’s
Desktop
• RDA print
During 2013, release of the first RDA Print
accumulation that will include the RDA updates and
reworded RDA chapters released to date.
• Translations: Chinese, French,
German, and Spanish
• Arabic translation (under negotiations)
RDA Toolkit
• RDA: Organized according to entities
and relationships. No chapters for
formats
• Overall structure:
• Sections 1-4: Recording attributes of
elements
• Sections 5-10: Recording relationships
between elements
• Appendices A –M (Capitalization,
Abbreviations, etc.)
• Glossary
RDA Toolkit
• Includes:
• Workflows and other procedural
documentation
• Mappings of RDA to different schemas,
including MARC 21
• Full text of AACR2
• Library of Congress-Program for
Cooperative Cataloging Policy
Statements (LC-PCC PSs = the
successor of LCRI)
• MARC Record Examples of RDA
Cataloging
RDA Toolkit
RDA tab >> browse the RDA text
RDA Toolkit
Tools tab >> links to MARC 21 & more
RDA Toolkit
Resources tab >> full text of
AACR2, links to RDA and more
Resource
URL
RDA
Toolkit
LC (RDA)
http://www.rdatoolkit.org/
JSC &
RDA
http://www.rda-jsc.org/rdafaq.html
RDA &
MARC
http://www.loc.gov/marc/RDAinMARC29.ht
ml
Text of
FRBR
http://www.ifla.org/publications/functionalrequirements-for-bibliographic-records
MARC
Changes
http://www.loc.gov/marc/formatchangesRDA.html
http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda
Resource
URL
RDA and
OCLC
RDA in
NACO
Training
http://www.oclc.org/rda/about.htm
DCMZ1
http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/dcmz1.pdf
MARC 21 encoding
to accommodate
new RDA elements
046 and 3XX
http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/rda/PCC%20R
DA%20guidelines/RDA%20in%20NARsSARs_PCC.pdf
http://www.loc.gov/marc/authority/
MARC 21 Format
for Authority Data
http://www.loc.gov/catworkshop/courses/rd
a_naco/course%20table.html
LC-PCC PSs http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/lcps_access.ht
ml
RDA Training Resources
• Comprehensive List of RDA
Training Resources, categorized by
types of formats and librarian
specializations is available at:
• "RDA Resources." CARLI - Consortium
of Academic and Research Libraries in
Illinois. http://www.carli.illinois.edu/memprod/i-share/cat/rda-resources
(accessed February 19, 2013)
AACR2-RDA Comparison
• Things that Stay the Same:
– RDA is designed to be backward
compatible with AACR2
• RDA will be implemented using the
MARC21 format
– RDA will work with your Integrated
Library System (ILS)
AACR2-RDA Comparison
• Some Changes to Know About:
– RDA uses fewer abbreviations than
AACR2
– Changes to Bible headings
– Rule of Three
– Overview of New MARC Fields
AACR2-RDA Comparison
New MARC Fields
Fixed fields
AACR2-RDA Comparison
New MARC Fields
Variable fields
AACR2-RDA Comparison
New MARC Fields
AACR2-RDA Comparison
New MARC Fields
AACR2-RDA Comparison
New MARC Fields
AACR2-RDA Comparison
New MARC Fields
MARC Fields for Content (336),
Media (337), and Carrier (338)
Types
AACR2-RDA Comparison
New MARC Fields
AACR2-RDA Comparison
• Things that are different:
– RDA is based on conceptual models
for library data (FRBR and FRAD)
– RDA is designed to be used as an
online product (RDA Toolkit)
– RDA hopes to make it possible to
move library data onto the Semantic
Web and support the use of LinkedData (Linked-Metadata)
RDA (FRBR and FRAD)
FRBR Groups
FRBR/FRAD
Entities
RDA
Group 1 (Primary) [resources]
Products of intellectual or artistic
endeavors
Work
Section 2: Attributes of Work
and Expression
Expression
Manifestation
Item
Group 2
[Creators+]
Those responsible for producing
Group 1 entities and more
Person
Group 3
[Subjects]
Subjects of intellectual or artistic
endeavors
Concept
Family
Corporate Body
Object
Event
Place
(All Group 1 & 2
Entities)
Section 1: Attributes of
Manifestation and Item
Section 3: Attributes of
Person, Family, and
Corporate Body
Section 4: Attributes of
Concept, Object, Event, and
Place
RDA (FRBR and FRAD)
FRBR User Tasks
(Searching for information resources):
• Find—to find resources that correspond to the
user’s stated search criteria
• Identify—to confirm that the resource described
corresponds to the resource sought, or to
distinguish between two or more resources with
similar characteristics
• Select—to select a resource that is appropriate to
the user’s needs
• Obtain—to acquire or access the resource
described.
RDA (FRBR and FRAD)
FRAD user tasks
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•
•
•
Find
Identify
Contextualize
Justify
Principles to achieve
FRAD user tasks
• Differentiate
• Represent
• Language preference
• Common usage
RDA 4 principles for persons, families, and
corporate bodies are meant to meet the FRAD user
tasks, they are: find, identify, understand the
relationship, and understand why a name has been
recorded. They are covered in RDA 8.2.
RDA and the Semantic Web
RDA as RDF/XML Vocabulary
RDA and the Semantic Web
RDA as RDF/RDF Vocabulary
MARC 21 Transition (Bib-Frame)
The BIBFRAME is an undertaking by the
Library of Congress and the community to
better accommodate future needs of the
library community. A major focus of the
initiative will be to determine a transition path
for the MARC 21 exchange format to more
Web based, Linked Data standards.
Zepheira and The Library of Congress are
working together to develop a Linked Data
model, vocabulary and enabling tools /
services for supporting this Initiative.
http://bibframe.org
•
MARC21 as BIBFRAME Resources
(RDF/XML)
RDA and Linked-Data
Linked-Data:
Linked Data is a methodology for providing
relationships between things (data,
concepts and documents) anywhere on the
web, using URI’s for identifying, RDF/XML for
describing, HTTP for publishing these things
and relationships in a way that they can be
interpreted and used by humans and
software.
Linked-Data in Libraries
• Linked-Metadata?
– The “linked-metadata” can also use a
cross-referenced URIs in the metadata
records as the linking mechanisms for
linking metadata elements (names,
subject or bibliographic data) across
multiple library systems.
Linked-Data in Libraries
LC authority record with LCCN Permalink
Linked-Data in Libraries
• Examples of international linkeddata projects:
– OCLC WorldCat.org Bibliographic Linked
Data Project www.worldcat.org
– Virtual International Authority File (VIAF)
www.viaf.org
– LCSH Multilingual Linked-Data Project
http://id.loc.gov
Linked-Data in Libraries
Linked Data in WorldCat.org
Links to VIAF
Links to BIBALEX
Linked-Data in Libraries
VIAF Linked-Authorities
Linked-Data in Libraries
Advantages of linked data
• Building virtual collections
• Standards independent
• Richer user experience
Challenges of linked data
• Provenance, governance and sustainability
issues
• Quality of interlinked data
• Developing a workable framework, systems
and standards
• Needs robust infrastructure not available to
every library
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
• New better rules for Arabic
cataloging:
–Qur’an will be used instead of
Koran
–Titles such as Imam can be
added (9.4.1.8 Other Persons of
Religious Vocation)
–Adding professions or
occupations for names
differentiation (9.19.1.6 Profession
or Occupation)
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
Qur’an will be used instead of Koran
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
9.19.1.6 Profession or Occupation
Add a term indicating the class of persons
engaged in the profession or occupation of
the person (see 9.16), if needed to distinguish
one access point from another. Make this
addition when the following elements are not
available:
• date of birth and/or death (see 9.19.1.3)
or
• fuller form of name (see 9.19.1.4)
or
• period of activity of the person (see 9.19.1.5).
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
• Rules that need to be
discussed
–Dates in both Gregorian and Hijri
calendars
–Titles beginning with “Kitab”
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
Dates in both Gregorian and Hijri
calendars
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
Dates in both Gregorian and Hijri
calendars
0.11.4 Dates
Dates recorded in specified elements are transcribed
in the form in which they appear on the source of
information from which the data are taken. However,
allowance is made for recording the data in the form
preferred by the agency creating the data, either as a
substitute for or in addition to the data in the
original form.
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
Recording dates in Arabic script
numerals (Indian numerals)
0.11.4 Dates
Dates appearing in certain other specified elements
are also generally recorded in the form in which they
appear on the source of information from which the
data are taken. However, allowance is made for
substituting equivalent numerals in the script
preferred by the agency creating the data.
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
• Questions about (0.11.4 Dates)
– Does it allow s to record both the
Gregorian and Hijri dates if both are
available?
– Does it also allow us to record dates
in Arabic script numerals (Indian
numerals) that matches Arabic
language right to left directionality?
– Do we need to add this as a local
practice?
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
“The answer is yes, of course, if the
cataloging agency prefers Hijri, and the
date on the resource is not from that
calendar, it can be added; or if the date is
on the piece as Hijri, then it is transcribed
for date of publication, etc. Local practice
would reflect what the cataloging agency
prefers for situations in RDA that say to
follow what the cataloging agency prefers.”
– Email from Dr. Barbara Tillett (Chair, Joint
Steering Committee for Development of
RDA)
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
This allowance was already the
practice in AACR2
0.11.4 Dates
Allowance is also made for adding dates in
the Gregorian or Julian calendar if the data on
the source of information are not in that form.
Ex. 1429 [2008 or 2009]
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
• Titles beginning with “Kitab”
100 Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, 973?-1048.
Ṣaydanah fī al-ṭibb
400 Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, 973?-1048.
Kitāb al-Saydanah fī al-ṭibb
670 Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad. Kitāb alSaydanah fī al-ṭibb, 1991
In the above NAR there is no other work
cited in 670 without the word Kitāb
Rules affecting Arabic cataloging
• Titles beginning with “Kitab”
Should we submit a proposal to add Kitab as the
instruction below given for Sefer?
Hebraica Cataloging, notes on LCRI 21.30J
“If all an author's works begin with the word
"Sefer", then no name/title authority records
are needed. If the word "Sefer" does not
appear on all an author's works, then a name
authority record is made for each title that
does use "Sefer" and the appropriate, specific
reference is made.”
AACR2 Vs. RDA/FRBR and ILS
Better Collocation of Bibliographic Data based on RDA/FRBR
AACR2 vs. RDA/FRBR and ILS
Better Collocation of Bibliographic Data based on RDA/FRBR
AACR2 vs. RDA/FRBR and ILS
Bibliotheca Alexandrina Started Using VTLS-FRBR Module
Implementation Plan
• When?
The decision will depend on factors such as:
First, When the Library ILS will be upgraded to
accommodate RDA and MARC changes?
Second, When the suppliers of the MARC
records (e.g., book vendors) will provide RDAbased cataloging records?
Third, the library may wish to defer decisions on
RDA until after the national libraries start the
actual RDA implementation.
Implementation Plan
• Budget?
Budgeting and purchase decisions for RDA
Toolkit, training and other costs.
• Training?
Identifying training needs and training levels.
Cataloging data changes?
Retrospective changes (programmatically or
manually)
Implementation Plan
• ILS changes?
• RDA and MARC changes impact on the
ILS (the Client and OPAC)
• Indexing, searching and displaying of new
MARC fields
• Display of GMDs and the new MARC fields
for Content, Carrier, and Media types
• Display of tag 264 with split of publisher,
distributor, producer, copyright roles
• Are OPAC displays intuitive for the users?
If not, can we make changes to improve
the situation?
Implementation Plan
Displaying GMDs in GUI Icons
Implementation Plan
Displaying GMDs as faceted representation
Icons
Implementation Plan
Displaying MARC fields for Content, Media and
Carrier Types as entered in bibliographic
records
Implementation Plan
• ILS changes?
• Display of multiple 264 fields
Provide different labels based on the second
indicator value:
• 264 _0 = Production
• 264 _1 = Publisher
• 264 _2 = Distributor
• 264 _3 = Manufacturer
• 264 _4 = Copyright
Implementation Plan
Displaying Multiple 264 Fields
Conclusion
“Don’t panic.” While much of RDA is
brand new and points toward a
different future for cataloging, there is
also much that is familiar to those used
to working with AACR2 and MARC 21. It
is important for us to know that RDA
will be implemented in stages. The
first stage is upon us and has been
designed to be less disruptive than we
may think.
Resources
• Bell, Joyce. 2012. “RDA Authorities.”
[PowerPoint slides].
https://sites.google.com/site/melacataloging/re
sources/rda
(accessed February 28, 2013]
• Biella, Joan. 2012. “RDA and Bibliographic
Description.” [PowerPoint slides].
https://sites.google.com/site/melacataloging/re
sources/rda
(accessed February 28, 2013]
Resources
• Dagher, Iman. 2012. Getting Ready for RDA.
[PowerPoint slides].
https://sites.google.com/site/melacataloging/re
sources/rda
(accessed February 28, 2013]
• Hart, Amy. 2010. "Getting Ready for RDA:
What You Need to Know". Library Media
Connection. 29 (2): 30-32.
Questions?
79
Thank you
80

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