Food Safety

Report
Food Safety
Amy Lytle
Early Bird AG
September 30, 2002
Foodborne Illnesses
• 76 million Americans become infected
each year
• There are over 250 different types
of foodborne diseases
• Over 325,000 hospitalizations and
5,000 deaths each year in the United
States
Foodborne Illness in 2001
Laboratory Diagnosed Cases of
Foodborne Illness in 2001
6000
4000
2000
0
1
Salmonella
Campylobacter
Shigella
Cryptospordium
E. Coli
Yersiniia
Listeria
Vibrio
HUS
Cyclospora
Foodborne Illnesses
• The most common causes of
foodborne illnesses are bacteria,
viruses, and parasites
• Most commonly contaminated foods
include raw meat, poultry, raw eggs,
unpasteurized milk, and raw shellfish
Common Types of Foodborne
Illnesses
• There are nine types of foodborne
illnesses that are the most commonly
identified- Salmonella, Campylobator,
E. Coli, Shigella, Norwalk
Viruses(HUS), Cryptospordium,
Yersinia, Listeria, and Vibrio
• Salmonella is the most common
foodborne disease
Salmonella
• Symptoms are similar to a cold or a
flu
• Illness becomes active within 12-72
hours after consuming the
contaminated food
• Symptoms can last 4-7 days
• Most can be treated with antibiotics,
however some types of infections may
require hospitilization
Salmonella
Salmonella Cases Reported in 2001per 100,000 people
0-<1
1-<10
10-<20
150
100
30-<40
40-<50
50
0
1
50-<60
60+
Food Safety Agencies
• There are over 16 different federal
food safety agencies
• The four major agencies are: the
Food and Drug Administration (FDA),
the Food Safety Inspection Service
(FSIS), the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), and the National
Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
Food Contamination
• The most common reason for food
contamination is human error
• There are a number of places that
food contamination can originate, the
farm, the packer, the shipper, the
business, or your home
• 56% of a food contamination
originates in the home
Food Contamination
Top 4 Food Safety Violations in
Neglected
2000
Handwashing
Improper Food
Prep Techniques
Cross
Contamintaion
Improper Leftover
Handling
Origin of Food
Contamination
Percent of Origin of Foodborne
Diseases
Home
Business
Shipping
Packer
Farm
Prevention of Food
Contamination
• There are 5 basic ways to prevent
food contamination in the home
•
•
•
•
•
1. Wash your hands before handling food
2. Store foods at recommended temperature
3. Cook all foods quickly and thoroughly
4. Use different cutting boards for raw meat
5. Follow the rule “when in doubt, throw it out”
Food Safety Incidents
• Houston, Texas, 1997
• A report came in from a food safety team
reporting that during a routine safety
inspection, the team discovered mouse
droppings in food and behind some
equipment. The business was closed down
immediately, and the owner of the business
was fined $16,000 under the Food Safety
Law.
Food Safety Incidents
• San Diego, California, 1999
• A customer of a local pizza shop filed a report
stating that when she had bought a pizza she had
found a piece of metal on her pizza. The case
went under investigation immediately. Officers
visited the factory where the pizza was made, and
discovered that there were areas of damaged
machinery with pieces of metal missing from the
machines. The company was fined $8,000 and was
required to fix their machinery to meet food
safety standards.
Food Safety Incidents
• New York City, New York, 2001
• In September of 2001, a doctor reported a
patient who had come in with Salmonella poisoning
to the Food Safety Team. After an investigation,
they discovered that 10 other people had come
down with the same type of Salmonella poisoning
after eating takeout from the same restaurant.
Samples of the food were collected, and the team
discovered that the mayonnaise served with the
food was contaminated. The restaurant was
closed, and the owner was fined $5,000.
People at Risk for Foodborne
Illnesses
• Various age groups are more at risk
than others
• Pregnant women, young children, and
elderly people are at higher risk
• A strong, healthy immune system is
essential for fighting off infectious
dieases
Food Safety
• In today’s society, food safety is a
major issue
• We need to work together to lower
death rates, and to possibly eliminate
foodborne illnesses
• All around the world, millions of
people suffer from foodborne
illnesses and thousands die each year

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