Salon de refuses Salon d’independants Salon d’Automme

Salon de refuses
Salon d’independants
Salon d’Automme
Oranim Academic College
20 th Century Art’s turning points
Dr. Yael Guilat 2009
1863- Salon de refuses
Manet, Le dejeuner sur
l’herbe, 1863
Whistler, White Girl, 1861
The Academie of the Beaux Arts dominated the French art scene
in the middle of the 19th century
The Académie was the upholder of traditional standards for
French painting, both in content and style. Historical subjects,
religious themes, and portraits were valued (landscape and still
life were not), and the Académie preferred carefully finished
images which mirrored reality when examined closely. Colour was
somber and conservative, and the traces of brush strokes were
suppressed, concealing the artist's personality, emotions, and
working techniques.
In 1863, The jury's sharply worded rejection of Manet's painting,
as well as the unusually large number of rejected works that year,
set off a firestorm among French artists.
After seeing the rejected works in 1863, Emperor Napoleon III
decreed that the public be allowed to judge the work themselves,
and the Salon of the Refused was organized. While many
viewers came only to laugh, the Salon des Refusés drew attention
to the existence of a new tendency in art and attracted more
visitors than the regular Salon
Artists' petitions requesting a new Salon des Refusés in 1867, and again
in 1872, were denied. In the latter part of 1873 , a group of artists of
Monet’s circle ( Monet, Pissaro, Renoir and Sisley) organized the
"Cooperative and Anonymous Association of Painters, Sculptors, and
Engravers" for the purpose of exhibiting their artworks independently.
Thirty artists participated in their first exhibition, held in April 1874 at the
studio of the photographer Paul Nadar. The Impresionism was born.
The Impresionism was born.
Renoir,On the Terrace, oil on canvas,
Monet, Impression, 1872
1884 Société des Artistes Indépendants formed in Paris
choosing the device "No jury nor awards”
P.Signac, Port St. Tropez,
Seurat, Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte,
Redon, Spirit of the forest,
Since then for three decades their annual exhibitions set the pace. All trends in
art of the early 20th century were first displayed and widely discussed there.
They included artists such Odilen Redon, Paul Signac, George Seurat.
Salons d'Automne
Annual exhibition founded in 1903 in Paris as a more progressive
alternative to the official
Salon and other current exhibiting venues, including the Salon
d'Independents. it was held in the autumn October or November,
so as not to clash with these other shows, which took place mainly
in spring and summer. The early Salons d'Automne played an
important role in establishing the reputations of Cezanne and
Gauguin. There was a small Gauguin exhibition in 1903 the
inaugural show and a major retrospective in 1906; Cézanne was
strongly represented in 1905 and was given a memorial exhibition
in 1907. However, the Salon d'Automne is famous above all for
the sensational launch of Fauvism at the 1905 exhibition.
Georges Rouault, Andre Derain, Henri Matisse organized the first exhibition

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