GCRC-2005-hays

Report
Psychometric Modeling
and Calibration
Ron D. Hays, Ph.D.
September 11, 2006
PROMIS development process session
10:45am-12:30 pm
1 7/17/2015
PROMIS Domains
Physical functioning (Hays/Bjorner)
Pain (Revicki)
Fatigue (Lai)
Emotional distress (Choi/Reise)
Social/role participation (Bode/Hahn)
2 7/17/2015
Datasets
Cancer Item Banks (Northwestern)
Digitalis Investigation Group Study--randomized doubleblind placebo-controlled trial evaluating effect of digoxin
on mortality in 581 patients with heart failure and sinus
rhythm.
IMMPACT--internet-based survey of individuals with
chronic pain from the American Chronic Pain Association
website
Medical Outcomes Study--observational study of persons
with hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and/or
depression in Boston, Chicago, and Los Angeles
WHOQOL-100 data (n = 442 from U.S. field center)
3 7/17/2015
Types of Analyses
• Classical Test Theory Statistics
• IRT Model Assumptions
• Model Fit
• Differential Item Functioning
• Item Calibration
4 7/17/2015
Classical Test Theory Statistics
• Out of range
• Item frequencies and distributions
• Inter-item correlations
• Item-scale correlations
• Internal consistency reliability
5 7/17/2015
IRT Model Assumptions
• (Uni)dimensionality
• Local independence
• Monotonicity
6 7/17/2015
Sufficient Unidimensionality
• Confirmatory factor models
 One factor
 Bifactor (general and group factors)
7 7/17/2015
Local Independence
• After controlling for dominant factor(s), item
pairs should not be associated.
 Look at residual correlations (> 0.20)
8 7/17/2015
Monotonicity
• Probability of selecting a response category
indicative of better health should increase as
underlying health increases.
• Item response function graphs with
 y-axis: proportion positive for item step
 x-axis: raw scale score minus item score
9 7/17/2015
10 7/17/2015
Category Response Curves for
Samejima’s Graded Response Model
1.0
P (X = 4|q)
0.8
P(X=k|q )
P (X = 1|q)
0.6
P (X = 3|q)
P (X = 2|q)
0.4
0.2
0.0
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
Theta (q)
11 7/17/2015
Model Fit
• Compare observed and expected response
frequencies by item and response category
• Items that do not fit and less discriminating
items identified and reviewed by content
experts
12 7/17/2015
Differential Item Functioning
• Uniform DIF

Threshold parameter
• Non-uniform DIF

Discrimination parameter
• Gender, race/ethnicity, age, disease
13 7/17/2015
Item Calibration
• Item parameters (threshold, discrimination)
• Mean differences for studied disease groups
14 7/17/2015
Example of Lessons Learned in Secondary Analyses
Emotional distress
Cannot be adequately modeled as a
unidimensional construct.
Limited representation of positive end of
construct
Several items having some response
options that provide little information.
15 7/17/2015
Documentation
eRoom
Public website: http://www.nihpromis.org/
Peer-reviewed manuscripts, e.g.:
Hays, R. D. et al. (submitted). Item response theory
analyses of physical functioning items in the Medical
Outcomes Study.
Reeve, B. B. (submitted). Psychometric evaluation
and calibration of health-related quality of life items banks:
Plans for the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement
Information System (PROMIS)
Presentations:
Tomorrow 4:15-6:15
16 7/17/2015
Questions?
17 7/17/2015
Datasets Subjected to Psychometric Analysis
Cancer Fatigue: Cancer Item Banking Project at NWU
Cancer Pain: Cancer Item Banking Project at NWU
Cancer Social: Cancer Item Banking Project at NWU
CSSCD: Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease (pediatric)
CHC: Chronic Hepatitis C Study
CHS: Cardiovascular Health Study
DIG: Digitalis Investigation Group Quality of Life Sub-study
IMMPACT: Multiple Pain Projects
MOS: Medical Outcomes Study
NGHS: National Growth and Health Study (peds.)
Q-Score: Cancer Quality of Life Project at NWU
WHOQOL: World Health Organization Quality of Life Project
18 7/17/2015
Datasets Subjected to Psychometric Analysis
PROMIS Domains
Emotional Distress
Fatigue
Pain
Physical Function
CHS
(NWU/Cook)
CHC
(Medtap/Revicki
& Chen)
Cancer Pain
(NWU/Lai)
CHS
(NWU/Cook)
DIG
(UCLA/Hays)
CHS
(NWU/Cook)
IMMPACT
(Medtap/Revicki
& Chen)
DIG
(UCLA/Hays)
Q-Score
(NWU/Bode)
Cancer Fatigue
(NWU/Lai)
WHOQOL
(UCLA/Hays)
MOS
(UCLA/Hays
& Spritzer)
Social Role
Participation
CHS
(NWU/Cook)
Cancer Social
(NWU/Bode)
WHOQOL
(UCLA/Hays)
Q-Score
(NWU/Lai)
WHOQOL
(UCLA/Hays)
WHOQOL
(UCLA/Hays)
CSSCD
(NWU)
WHOQOL
(UCLA/Hays)
NGHS
(NWU)
NGHS
(NWU)
19 7/17/2015

similar documents