Safety Induction to the Lift & Escalator Industry

Report
Safety Induction to
the Lift & Escalator
Industry
Part 6a - Working Safely - General
Contents
Part 1 – Working in the Industry
Part 2 – Personal Safety & Health
Part 3 – Tools & Equipment
Part 4a – Manual Handling
Part 4b – Mechanical Handling
Part 5 – Working Places and Safe Access
Part 6a – Working Safely - General
Part 6b – Working Safely - Specific Areas
Part 6c – Working Safely - Other situations
Part 7 – First Aid
Part 8 – Environmental Protection
Part 9 – Legal Obligations
Part 10 – Accident Reporting and Recording
Part 6a - Working Safely
Working Safely – all Areas
Part 6a - Working Safely
General
 On arrival at site inform
someone in authority.
 Site safety risk assessment
should be completed
 Safety signs displayed.
 Ensure safety of your
colleagues
 Report defects or dangerous
conditions
 Dismantling or Installation
carried out in accordance
with company policy
 Control the lowering of
equipment.
 Adequate space and
protection against “live”
or moving equipment
 Correct storage of
materials
 Handling and storage of
chemicals
 Door blocking device –
don’t improvise
Part 6a - Working Safely
Working Alone
 Before starting work ensure that the task can be
carried out safely. If you’re concerned about it
contact your supervisor.
 If you’re on a site, tell the site rep where you are
 Make sure others know where you are working and
keep in contact.
 Don’t work alone in an unoccupied building.
 Be aware of the threat of violence.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Working on observation or partially enclosed lifts
 Wear suitable PPE to suit
weather conditions,
 Consider weather
conditions before working
in heavy rain, high wind,
ice or snow,
 On the car top, use fall
prevention equipment if
required,
 Prevent tools falling from
the car top,
 Ensure exclusion zone is
adequate, and clearly
defined,
 If you have to clean car windows or the lift well without the car
stationary and the power locked off, ensure a safe system of
work is maintained at all times.
Part 6a - Working Safely
In the Machine Room
Beware of:
 Holes in the floor or projections.
 Overhead beams lower than head height
 Unguarded machinery: may move without warning
 Exposed electrical connections or cables.
Access:
 Guard open access hatches and keep closed when not in use.
 Close and lock machine room doors when unoccupied.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Machinery
Before starting work
 Display safety signs at all landings,
 Switch off the electrical or hydraulic supply and post a safety
sign,
 All personnel working on the equipment must separately lock
off the electrical supply and test that the isolation has been
successful,
 On hydraulic systems, remove the valve lever and put it in a
secure place.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Machinery
Working on Machinery
 Don’t operate machinery with the guards removed unless there
is no other way to do it and you have a safe system of work
 Clean rotating parts, ropes, chains, sheaves etc. with the power
isolated.
 Restore the power to reposition the machinery, but isolate again
before recommencing work activities,
 Always wear suitable gloves when inspecting ropes; NEVER
inspect them while they are moving
Part 6a - Working Safely
Machinery
After handwinding has been carried out,
 Remove any separate handwinding wheel and brake release
lever,
 Re-fix the guards with the correct number of fixings,
 Before the supply is restored, ensure that no one will be put into
danger as a result
Part 6a - Working Safely
MRL Lifts
 Familiarise yourself with the safe system of work for installing
and maintaining this type of equipment,
 The manufacturer should provide instructions detailing how to
safely install and maintain the equipment.
 Beware, on some lifts the car roof cannot support the weight of
a person so manufacturers may specify work be carried out
from the car. Signs should be displayed to warn of the hazard,
but it may not be visible.
 With different design features, it may be difficult to undertake
maintenance for the first time, a risk assessment should be
carried out prior to starting work.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Safe Working with Electricity
The LEIA Safety Charter says:
 Electrically isolate and lock off when power is not required...
 LOTO the supply when
power is not required to
perform the task.
 Check that all electrical
sources in the work area
have been identified and
isolated.
 Ensure that you verify that
the disconnection has
been made
Verification Procedure:
 verify the test device by
confirming voltage present
 isolate the circuit
 confirm the circuit is
isolated using the test
device
 verify the test device on a
separate circuit
NOTE: You should use a proprietary test lamp or two-pole voltage detector as recommended in
HSE Guidance Note GS38
Part 6a - Working Safely
Safe Working with Electricity
When working on live equipment, effective insulation and safe
electrical working practices must be used:
 wear insulating rubber gloves until isolation is proven (gloves
subjected to visual inspection and tests for air leakage)
 use an insulating rubber mat,
 fit an insulating shroud to protect against accidental contact with
live terminals,
 wear eye protection to protect against flashover
 use insulated tools and maintain them in good condition,
 Avoid the chance of earthing yourself by removing or covering
jewellery, watches, rings, necklaces, bracelets etc.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Safe Working with Electricity
 Give yourself as much room as possible and keep the area free
of surplus material,
 Try to obtain suitable light levels (200 lux) at point of work,
 Replace equipment covers on completion of work as soon as
possible,
 Use the wiring diagrams to understand the circuit you are
working on; even though the main 3-phase isolator has been
switched off, other sources may remain live:
• signals
• lighting
• transformers
• alarms
• door detectors
• fans
Part 6a - Working Safely
Safe Working with Electricity
 Consider isolation of these sources as part of the whole process
– not just in the controller,
 Even after all power is isolated, there is still the danger of
electric shocks from sources of stored energy:
• charged capacitors
• VF drives
 Discharge these or take precautions against any stored energy
before working on them.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Safe Working with Electricity
Modifications to Circuitry and Software
 Are you authorised to make changes to electrical circuits and
software? All changes must be recorded on the wiring diagrams.
Safe use of shorting wires/ jumpers
 The primary function of a shorting wire is to bypass a faulty
component when fault finding and should only be used when
there is no alternative,
 Shorting wires should be manufactured specifically for the
purpose and should be used as a controlled tool. Never use
home-made shorting wires.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Safe Working with Electricity
Safe use of shorting wires/ jumpers;
Shorting wires typically yellow in colour, 1 meter long and
labelled to identify the owner, WHY ?
 Switch the car top control to inspection, landing call buttons out
of circuit until the work is finished,
 Ensure the equipment is electrically isolated whilst the short is
fitted and removed,
 Have a means of stopping the equipment in the work area.
Check it for correct operation before you start after the shorting
wires have been connected,
Part 6a - Working Safely
Safe Working with Electricity
Safe use of shorting wires/ jumpers
 Landing locks and car door switches must never be shorted out
at the same time.
 The short must be removed as soon as possible after
completion of the work,
 If several shorts are in use, a register should be made to ensure
all shorts are accounted for,
 When leaving a job ensure all shorting wires have been
removed from the equipment.
Part 6a - Working Safely
Thank you for Attending
Any Questions?

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