Safety Induction to the Lift & Escalator Industry Part 6a - Working Safely - General Contents Part 1 – Working in the Industry Part 2 – Personal Safety & Health Part 3 – Tools & Equipment Part 4a – Manual Handling Part 4b – Mechanical Handling Part 5 – Working Places and Safe Access Part 6a – Working Safely - General Part 6b – Working Safely - Specific Areas Part 6c – Working Safely - Other situations Part 7 – First Aid Part 8 – Environmental Protection Part 9 – Legal Obligations Part 10 – Accident Reporting and Recording Part 6a - Working Safely Working Safely – all Areas Part 6a - Working Safely General On arrival at site inform someone in authority. Site safety risk assessment should be completed Safety signs displayed. Ensure safety of your colleagues Report defects or dangerous conditions Dismantling or Installation carried out in accordance with company policy Control the lowering of equipment. Adequate space and protection against “live” or moving equipment Correct storage of materials Handling and storage of chemicals Door blocking device – don’t improvise Part 6a - Working Safely Working Alone Before starting work ensure that the task can be carried out safely. If you’re concerned about it contact your supervisor. If you’re on a site, tell the site rep where you are Make sure others know where you are working and keep in contact. Don’t work alone in an unoccupied building. Be aware of the threat of violence. Part 6a - Working Safely Working on observation or partially enclosed lifts Wear suitable PPE to suit weather conditions, Consider weather conditions before working in heavy rain, high wind, ice or snow, On the car top, use fall prevention equipment if required, Prevent tools falling from the car top, Ensure exclusion zone is adequate, and clearly defined, If you have to clean car windows or the lift well without the car stationary and the power locked off, ensure a safe system of work is maintained at all times. Part 6a - Working Safely In the Machine Room Beware of: Holes in the floor or projections. Overhead beams lower than head height Unguarded machinery: may move without warning Exposed electrical connections or cables. Access: Guard open access hatches and keep closed when not in use. Close and lock machine room doors when unoccupied. Part 6a - Working Safely Machinery Before starting work Display safety signs at all landings, Switch off the electrical or hydraulic supply and post a safety sign, All personnel working on the equipment must separately lock off the electrical supply and test that the isolation has been successful, On hydraulic systems, remove the valve lever and put it in a secure place. Part 6a - Working Safely Machinery Working on Machinery Don’t operate machinery with the guards removed unless there is no other way to do it and you have a safe system of work Clean rotating parts, ropes, chains, sheaves etc. with the power isolated. Restore the power to reposition the machinery, but isolate again before recommencing work activities, Always wear suitable gloves when inspecting ropes; NEVER inspect them while they are moving Part 6a - Working Safely Machinery After handwinding has been carried out, Remove any separate handwinding wheel and brake release lever, Re-fix the guards with the correct number of fixings, Before the supply is restored, ensure that no one will be put into danger as a result Part 6a - Working Safely MRL Lifts Familiarise yourself with the safe system of work for installing and maintaining this type of equipment, The manufacturer should provide instructions detailing how to safely install and maintain the equipment. Beware, on some lifts the car roof cannot support the weight of a person so manufacturers may specify work be carried out from the car. Signs should be displayed to warn of the hazard, but it may not be visible. With different design features, it may be difficult to undertake maintenance for the first time, a risk assessment should be carried out prior to starting work. Part 6a - Working Safely Safe Working with Electricity The LEIA Safety Charter says: Electrically isolate and lock off when power is not required... LOTO the supply when power is not required to perform the task. Check that all electrical sources in the work area have been identified and isolated. Ensure that you verify that the disconnection has been made Verification Procedure: verify the test device by confirming voltage present isolate the circuit confirm the circuit is isolated using the test device verify the test device on a separate circuit NOTE: You should use a proprietary test lamp or two-pole voltage detector as recommended in HSE Guidance Note GS38 Part 6a - Working Safely Safe Working with Electricity When working on live equipment, effective insulation and safe electrical working practices must be used: wear insulating rubber gloves until isolation is proven (gloves subjected to visual inspection and tests for air leakage) use an insulating rubber mat, fit an insulating shroud to protect against accidental contact with live terminals, wear eye protection to protect against flashover use insulated tools and maintain them in good condition, Avoid the chance of earthing yourself by removing or covering jewellery, watches, rings, necklaces, bracelets etc. Part 6a - Working Safely Safe Working with Electricity Give yourself as much room as possible and keep the area free of surplus material, Try to obtain suitable light levels (200 lux) at point of work, Replace equipment covers on completion of work as soon as possible, Use the wiring diagrams to understand the circuit you are working on; even though the main 3-phase isolator has been switched off, other sources may remain live: • signals • lighting • transformers • alarms • door detectors • fans Part 6a - Working Safely Safe Working with Electricity Consider isolation of these sources as part of the whole process – not just in the controller, Even after all power is isolated, there is still the danger of electric shocks from sources of stored energy: • charged capacitors • VF drives Discharge these or take precautions against any stored energy before working on them. Part 6a - Working Safely Safe Working with Electricity Modifications to Circuitry and Software Are you authorised to make changes to electrical circuits and software? All changes must be recorded on the wiring diagrams. Safe use of shorting wires/ jumpers The primary function of a shorting wire is to bypass a faulty component when fault finding and should only be used when there is no alternative, Shorting wires should be manufactured specifically for the purpose and should be used as a controlled tool. Never use home-made shorting wires. Part 6a - Working Safely Safe Working with Electricity Safe use of shorting wires/ jumpers; Shorting wires typically yellow in colour, 1 meter long and labelled to identify the owner, WHY ? Switch the car top control to inspection, landing call buttons out of circuit until the work is finished, Ensure the equipment is electrically isolated whilst the short is fitted and removed, Have a means of stopping the equipment in the work area. Check it for correct operation before you start after the shorting wires have been connected, Part 6a - Working Safely Safe Working with Electricity Safe use of shorting wires/ jumpers Landing locks and car door switches must never be shorted out at the same time. The short must be removed as soon as possible after completion of the work, If several shorts are in use, a register should be made to ensure all shorts are accounted for, When leaving a job ensure all shorting wires have been removed from the equipment. Part 6a - Working Safely Thank you for Attending Any Questions?