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Mathew
Chapter 3
Matthew 3:1-2
1In
those days came John the
Baptist, preaching in the
wilderness of Judaea, 2And
saying, Repent ye: for the
kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Kingdom of Heaven
John the Baptist: (Matt 3:2) And saying,
Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at
hand.
Jesus: (Matt 4:17) From that time Jesus began
to preach, and to say, Repent: for the
kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Apostles: (Matt 10:7) And as ye go, preach,
saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Matthew 3:3
For this is he that was spoken
of by the prophet Esaias,
saying, The voice of one
crying in the wilderness,
Prepare ye the way of the
Lord, make his paths straight.
Isaiah 40:3-5
The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD,
make straight in the desert a highway for
our God. Every valley shall be exalted,
and every mountain and hill shall be
made low: and the crooked shall be made
straight, and the rough places plain: And
the glory of the LORD shall be revealed,
and all flesh shall see it together: for the
mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.
Matthew 3:4
And the same John had his
raiment of camel’s hair, and a
leathern girdle about his loins;
and his meat was locusts and
wild honey.
Matthew 3:5-6
5Then
went out to him
Jerusalem, and all Judaea,
and all the region round about
Jordan, 6And were baptized of
him in Jordan, confessing
their sins.
3 Baptisms for Believers
1. Into Christ or into His body at repentance
and the new birth. Ephes. 4:5 the baptism
that saves the soul and brings us into the
body of Christ.
2. Water baptism after one is saved Matt. 3:11.
3. Spirit baptism, the endowment of power for
service. May take place before water
baptism (Acts 10:44-48) or after it
(Acts 1:4-8; Acts 2:1-11; Acts 8:12-21)
John the Baptist
• John also dressed like Elijah. John ate
locusts and wild honey.
2 Kings 1:8
• John is testifying to Jesus’ pre-existence
before birth: He was Jesus’ cousin, 6 months
older
• John
- took an unyielding stand against iniquity Mt 14:4
- He was chosen as a Herald John 1:29-31; Luke 1:15
- “To open the door of the sheepfold” John 10:2-3
Chronology
• Tiberius appointed: 14 AD
- Augustus died August 19, 14 AD
• (Within the) 15th year of Tiberius Luke 3:1
• Thus, ministry began in fall 28 AD
• 4th Passover: April 6, 32 AD
Sir Robert Anderson
- (Other chronologies assume a Friday
crucifixion)
Matthew 3:7
But when he saw many of the
Pharisees and Sadducees come
to his baptism, he said unto
them, O generation of vipers,
who hath warned you to flee
from the wrath to come?
Religious Leaders
Pharisees: “separatists”
The legalists, the ritualists, out of them came
the traditions of the Talmudic Jew
Sadducees: liberalists, rationalists
“reformed” (modernists, humanists)
- Denied the inspiration of the Word
- They didn’t believe in the resurrection
Matthew 3:8-9
8Bring
forth therefore fruits
meet for repentance: 9And
think not to say within
yourselves, We have Abraham
to our father: for I say unto
you, that God is able of these
stones to raise up children unto
Abraham.
Matthew 3:10
And now also the axe is laid
unto the root of the trees:
therefore every tree which
bringeth not forth good fruit is
hewn down, and cast into the
fire.
Matthew 3:11
I indeed baptize you with
water unto repentance: but he
that cometh after me is
mightier than I, whose shoes I
am not worthy to bear: he
shall baptize you with the
Holy Ghost, and with fire:
Matthew 3:12
Whose fan is in his hand, and
he will thoroughly purge his
floor, and gather his wheat
into the garner; but he will
burn up the chaff with
unquenchable fire.
Matthew 3:13-14
13Then
cometh Jesus from
Galilee to Jordan unto John, to
be baptized of him. 14But John
forbad him, saying, I have
need to be baptized of thee,
and comest thou to me?
Matthew 3:15
And Jesus answering said
unto him, Suffer it to be so
now: for thus it becometh us to
fulfil all righteousness. Then
he suffered him.
Baptism
• Why did Jesus insist upon being baptized?
Did Jesus have any sins to confess?
- He was sinless 2 Cor 5:21; 1 Pet 2:22
1 John 3:5; John 14:3; Isa 53:12
• At John’s baptism, Jesus is declaring publicly
His identity with the sinner.
• This is His formal opening for His ministry:
- The Father, through the voice;
- The Holy Spirit, descending dove-like;
- The Son being baptized.
Matthew 3:16-17
16And
Jesus, when he was baptized,
went up straightway out of the
water: and, lo, the heavens were
opened unto him, and he saw the
Spirit of God descending like a dove,
and lighting upon him: 17And lo a
voice from heaven, saying, This is
my beloved Son, in whom I am well
pleased.
Parallel Text
John 1
John 1:6-9
6There
was a man sent from God,
whose name was John. 7The same
came for a witness, to bear witness
of the Light, that all men through
him might believe. 8He was not that
Light, but was sent to bear witness
of that Light. 9That was the true
Light, which lighteth every man
that cometh into the world.
John 1:10-13
10He
was in the world, and the world
was made by him, and the world
knew him not. 11He came unto his
own, and his own received him not.
12But as many as received him, to
them gave he power to become the
sons of God, even to them that believe
on his name: 13Which were born, not
of blood, nor of the will of the flesh,
nor of the will of man, but of God.
John 1:14-16
14And
the Word was made flesh, and
dwelt among us, (and we beheld his
glory, the glory as of the only
begotten of the Father,) full of grace
and truth. 15John bare witness of
him, and cried, saying, This was he of
whom I spake, He that cometh after
me is preferred before me: for he was
before me. 16And of his fulness have
all we received, and grace for grace.
John 1:17-19
17For
the law was given by Moses, but
grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
18No man hath seen God at any time;
the only begotten Son, which is in the
bosom of the Father, he hath declared
him. 19And this is the record of John,
when the Jews sent priests and
Levites from Jerusalem to ask him,
Who art thou?
John 1:20-22
20And
he confessed, and denied not;
but confessed, I am not the Christ.
21And they asked him, What then?
Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am
not. Art thou that prophet? And he
answered, No. 22Then said they unto
him, Who art thou? that we may give
an answer to them that sent us. What
sayest thou of thyself?
3 People Anticipated
• Judaism is expecting 3 different people:
- The Messiah (in a generic sense),
- Elijah (prophesied to return) Mal 4:5-6
- The Prophet of Moses: “that prophet” Deut 18
- John denies being any of the three expected
• Matt 17 shows that Elijah and Moses have a
peculiar role beyond their earthly ministry
- The Two Witnesses?
Rev 11
John 1:23-25
23He
said, I am the voice of one crying
in the wilderness, Make straight the
way of the Lord, as said the prophet
Esaias. 24And they which were sent
were of the Pharisees. 25And they
asked him, and said unto him, Why
baptizest thou then, if thou be not
that Christ, nor Elias, neither that
prophet?
John 1:26-28
26John
answered them, saying, I
baptize with water: but there
standeth one among you, whom ye
know not; 27He it is, who coming after
me is preferred before me, whose
shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to
unloose. 28These things were done in
Bethabara beyond Jordan, where
John was baptizing.
John 1:29-31
29The
next day John seeth Jesus
coming unto him, and saith, Behold
the Lamb of God, which taketh away
the sin of the world. 30This is he of
whom I said, After me cometh a man
which is preferred before me: for he
was before me. 31And I knew him not:
but that he should be made manifest
to Israel, therefore am I come
baptizing with water.
John 1:32-33
32And
John bare record, saying, I saw
the Spirit descending from heaven
like a dove, and it abode upon him.
33And I knew him not: but he that
sent me to baptize with water, the
same said unto me, Upon whom thou
shalt see the Spirit descending, and
remaining on him, the same is he
which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
John 1:34-36
34And
I saw, and bare record that
this is the Son of God. 35Again the
next day after John stood, and two
of his disciples; 36And looking upon
Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold
the Lamb of God!
End of Matthew
Chapter 3

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