www.indiawaterportal.org

Report
Decentralized Governance
in Water and Sanitation
26-28th June Mussoorie
National Academy of Administration
Water availability in the country
Water Availability in the Country
Sl.No. Description
Present Policy
(BCM)
1
Precipitation
4000
2
Imports from U/S countries (assumed)
400
3
Evapo-transpiration
a) From natural evapo-transpiration
b) From reservoirs and water bodies when storage fully
developed
Gross availability (1+2-3)
Water that cannot be stored or used
Potentially usable water (4-5)
Additional usable water from Item 5
2520
2445
4
5
6
7
a) Rain water harvesting and artificial recharge
b) Interlinking of rivers
Source: Planning Commission, 2009
75
1880
755
1125
30 to 35
200 to 225
Water stress in India
Per Capita Water Availability in India (1951-2050)
Water stress indicator
5177
2200
1869
1700
1341
1951
1991
Source: CWC, India
2001
2010
Water Stress
limit (1700)
Water Scarcity
1140 Limit (1000)
2025
2050
Projected Projected
Source: United Nations Environmental Progra
Water Consumption pattern
Sector
2010
2025
Irrigation
Domestic
Industries
Power
78
6
5
3
72
7
8
4
Ecology
1
1
Evaporation
6
6
Source: Planning Commission, 2009
National Water Policy and vision 2020
National Water Policy 2002
Vision 20/20
Priority- drinking water, irrigation,
hydropower and ecology
Priority-drinking water, livelihoods,
environment, river systems
Regulate ground water withdrawals
on the basis recharge option and
social equity
Highest priority to community
managed watersheds
Priority to drought prone area in
project planning
Restoring and maintaining
traditional sources
Improve water use efficiency across
Promote water efficiency for all use
the sectors and promote conservation
Decentralization
 Exercise of community participation
 Local skill development
 Innovative apporaches
Recharge Pit
 Example of Sugana in Nasik with GSDA, Maharastra
 A pit to capture rain water similar to aquifer by
boulders, gravel and sand.
Source: Vishwakarma Associates
Temporary roof
 Temporary roof for rain water collection
Presented on how the Aakash Ganga working in rural domestic water harvesting (http://
Treatment of sewage
 Treated water can be used for agriculture rather than ground water
recharge
 Options to reuse treated sewage
Industry
Sewage
Treated
Horticulture
Domestic
Comparative matrix
Design Criteria




Over arching

Supports GOI 12TH Five year plan priorities/National water Mission objectives

A priority for the USAID
Development interventions internal logic

High potential for sustainability

Cost effective and replicable

Bang for the buck

High benefit related to risk
Direct Community Benefits

Enhances livelihoods of marginalized groups

Health benefits for women children and elderly
Addresses Climate Change Challenge

Improves water security
WEIGHTING DESIGN CRITERIA FOR IMPORTANCE
Design criteria
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Supports GOI
Part of
Cost
High potential
High benefit
Bang for
Health benefit
Enhances lively-
12th five year
USAID
effective
for
related to
the buck
for women child
hoods of margin
on with
ity for
water
plan /NWM
priority
and
sustainability
risk
&
aliased groups
donors
CSR
security
replicable
A
I
J
Collaborati Opportun
K
L
M
N
O
Improves
Improves
Provides
Demonstrates
Strong
food
Business
innovative
Capacity
security
opportunity for
approach
Building
elderly
private
component
Supports GOI 12th five year
0.5A
1C
1D
2A
0.5A
1G
1H
1A
1A
1K
1L
2A
0.5A
0.5A
1C
1D
2B
1.5B
1G
1H
1B
2B
1K
1L
2B
0.5B
0.5B
1C
1.5C
1C
1G
1H
2C
2C
1K
1L
1C
1C
0.5C
1D
1D
1G
1H
1D
1D
1K
1L
1D
0.5D
0.5D
1E
1G
2H
2I
2J
2K
2L
2M
1N
2O
1G
1H
2F
1F
1K
1L
1F
1F
0.5F
1H
2G
2G
1K
1L
2G
1G
0.5G
2H
2H
2K
2L
2H
1H
1H
2I
2K
2.L
1I
2I
0.5I
2K
2L
1J
2N
2.5O
2K
2K
1K
1K
2L
2L
1L
plan /NWM
B
C
Part of USAID priority
Cost effective and
replicable
D
High potential for
sustainability
E
F
G
High benefit related to risk
Bang for the buck
Health benefit for women
and children& elderly
H
Enhances livelihoods of
marginalized groups
I
J
K
L
M
Collaboration with donors
Opportunity for CSR
Improves water security
Improves food security
Provides business
Recommended Interventions
 Management of water service including water quality
 Support Knowledge network
 WATSAN in drought and flood prone areas
 Support PPP for water management
 Support GOI initiative increasing water efficiency
 Capacity building of local community in climate vulnerable areas
 Support source protection
 Support drinking water initiatives
 Water research studies (quality)
 Water augmentation for agricultural needs
 Household level point of use
 Support development of regulatory mechanism
PRIORITIZING USAID INVENTIONS IN INDIA’S WATER SECTOR
Supports
GOI 12th
five year
Design criteria
plan/
National
water
mission
Part
of
USAI
D
priorit
y
Cost
Health
effec
High
High
tive
potenti
benefi
and
al for
t to
repli
sustain
risk
cabl
ability
ratio
Bang
for
the
buck
e
Benefit
for
women
children
and
Enha
borati
Oppor
nces
on
tunity
Livelih
with
for
oods
donor
CSR
Improve
s water
security
Improv
busines
es food
s
securit
opportu
y
nity for
s
elderly
Provide
s
Colla
busines
Demonstr
Strong
ates
capacity
innovativ
building
e
componen
approach
t
Score
Rank
s sector
Support GOI for
increasing water
5
4
3
4
3
5
2
4
4
4
4
3
4
4
3
505
1
3
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
3
1
1
306
11
4
4
3
3
3
3
4
2
3
3
3
2
3
2
4
424
4
5
4
3
4
3
3
3
2
3
2
3
2
1
2
2
401.5
5
5
4
3
3
2
2
3
2
2
3
4
2
2
1
2
397.5
7
4
4
3
3
2
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
1
3
3
390.5
8
efficiency
Support development
of regulatory
mechanism
Management of
water services
including (MIS) on
water quality
Source protection for
drinking water
Support drinking
water initiatives
through rain water
harvesting
WATSAN in drought
and flood)
Priority Investment Option by
Issue
Intervention
Support GOI initiative increasing water efficiency
Capacity building of local community in climate vulnerable
areas
Water augmentation for agricultural needs
Management of water service including water quality
Support source protection
Support PPP for water management
Support drinking water initiatives
WATSAN in drought and flood prone areas
Water research studies (quality)
Household level point of use
Support development of regulatory mechanism
Support Knowledge network
Score
505
Rank
1
463
2
459
424
401.5
399.5
3975
390.5
388.0
340.5
306.0
232.5
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Thank you

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