Slide 1

Report
Long Island Council on
Alcoholism and
Drug Dependence, Inc.
LICADD
516-747-2606
631-979-1700
1-800-585-5422
www.licadd.org
A
foreign substance introduced
into the body that produces
change in normal body
functioning

Mind and mood altering
substances
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Alcohol
Amphetamine
Cannabis
Hallucinogens
Opiates
Benzodiazepines
Sedatives
Stimulants
Why do people use drugs?
 Curiosity
 Peer
pressure
 Relaxation
 Anxiety
 Social acceptance
 Depression
 Escape
 Energy
 Lose inhibitions
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Stress from school
Relationships (friends)
Relationships (romantic)
Family pressures and problems
Transitions and fitting in
Independence (driving)
Availability of drugs and alcohol
RISK
DISAPPROVAL
USE
Risk Factors for Drug Use and Abuse

Family history- predisposition to drug or alcohol problems

Close friends who use drugs or alcohol

Early first use
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Diagnosed or undiagnosed depression/other mental health
disorders
Problems in school/learning disabilities
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Gateway drugs include
alcohol, nicotine and
marijuana.
Subtle changes in attitudes
and related behaviors.
Defense mechanisms:
denial, rationalization and
intellectualization
‘backfire’ and create
dysfunction.
BI as
supplemental
therapy
Brief intervention:
Schools, courts, pediatric
clinics, emergency rooms,
mental health clinics
Intensive Treatment
Adapted from Broadening the Base of Alcohol Treatment (IOM)
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Physical: the body has
adapted to the drug
and the lack of it will
lead to specific
withdrawal symptoms.
Psychological: a sense
of need for a specific
substance is felt either
for the drugs’
perceived effects, or to
avoid the negative
effects associated with
abstinence.
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“A disease process characterized by
the continued use of a substance
despite physical, psychological or
social harm.”
A disease of the mind (as seen in
the DSM-IV-R).
Dysfunctional defense mechanisms
and lack of healthy coping skills.
Young people who begin
drinking before age 15 are 4
times more likely to develop
alcohol dependence than those
who abstain until age 21.
CAMY Report, 2007

Each year, approximately 5,000
people under the age of 21 die as a
result of underage drinking
 1,900 deaths from motor vehicle accidents
 1,600 homicides
 300 suicides
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, 2007
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Alcohol kills 6½ times more
teenagers than all illicit drugs.
95% of violent crimes on
college campuses are alcoholrelated.
High levels of alcohol use
interferes with brain
development
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It is illegal for any person over the age of
eighteen who owns, rents, or otherwise
controls a private residence, to allow the
consumption of alcoholic beverages by any
minor on the premises
This law provides a legal basis for holding
adults responsible for knowingly allowing
parties for individuals under the age of 21 to
occur at a place under their control, whether
or not they provide the alcohol.
5 SIGNS
1.Decline in school work and grades
2.Abrupt change in friends, groups, or actions
3.Sleeping habits/abnormal health issues
4.Deteriorating relationships with family
5.Less open and honest
Substance abuse is a disease.
Left untreated it will
progressively get worse.

Long Island Council on Alcoholism and Drug
Dependence, Inc. (LICADD):
www.licadd.org
516-747-2606 or 1-800-585-5422
 Alcoholics Anonymous Hotline Nassau
County:
516-292-3045
 Narcotics Anonymous Nassau County:
516-827-9500

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