Proposal to Change Portal Environment

Report
MDG-Based Planning
workshop
Integrating Capacity
Development Strategies into
MDG based PRSP’s
Terence Jones Director CDG/BDP
Ndey-Isatou Njie CDA Africa
Dar Es Salam, Tanzania
February 27th to March 3rd 2006
Core capacity issues for the implementation of MDG based PRSP’s
Title
Representative (but not Exhaustive) List of Capacities
Vision and Leadership
Capacity to develop, communicate and give direction on vision, mission and values; ability to develop and implement a system for overall
management; ability to motivate and support individuals; and ability to manage relationships with key external stakeholders
Accountability Mechanisms
This category pertains to the capacity to ensure accountability through prevention and enforcement; strengthening of national integrity
institutions; increasing public participation; and building coalitions; and working with the international community
Public Engagement
1) Capacity for inclusion, participation, equity and empowerment of individuals; and 2) mobilization, access and use of information and
knowledge
Human Resources
Capacity for development of recruitment and promotion policies; performance assessment and management mechanisms; incentives
(monetary and non-monetary); monitoring and evaluation mechanisms; and training
Financial Resources
National and local capacities to negotiate, manage, utilize and monitor internal financial resources as well as DBS in ways that best support
the human development agenda and achieve the MDGs, including capacities for the management of development finance and development
cooperation
Physical Resources
Capacity to build, maintain and manage physical resources; does not include accounting of the number of bridges but the capacity to
construct and provide continuing services necessary to keep them operational
Environmental Resources
Capacity to manage environment and natural resource and energy sectors, to integrate environmental and energy dimensions into poverty
reduction strategies and national development frameworks, and to strengthen the role of communities in promoting sustainable development
Globalization / International
Relations
Capacity to manage international trade, including country’s level of market competitiveness, the strength of their institutional and regulatory
structures, and their negotiating capacity. Also includes leadership and institutional capacities to create, maintain and leverage international
partnerships and networks
Crisis Prevention and
Recovery
Capacities to manage three areas: conflict prevention; economic crisis prevention and management; and natural disaster prevention and
management
Gender and Development
Capacities in two complementary approaches to achieving gender equality: mainstreaming gender and promoting women’s empowerment
Human Rights
Capacities regarding advocacy, sensitization of all stakeholders in the broadest sense of the word; institutional development, creation of
sustainable institutional systems; implementation, the application of human rights in law and reality; monitoring, effective systems for
societal monitoring of human rights enforcement; redress, transparent mechanisms to correct human rights violations; and specific
measures for affirmative action for addressing structural issues that perpetuate inequality and discrimination
2
Functional Capacities
Functional capacities are cross cutting in nature, are relevant to systems, sectors and institutions,
Title
Description
To Assess and Analyze
Abilities to effectively access, gather, analyze and synthesize data and information,
and translate it into knowledge
To Formulate Policy and
Strategy
Abilities to analyze a range of development parameters that may affect needs and
performance in a given area; explore different perspectives; conduct long-term
strategizing; and set objectives
To Manage and
Implement Programmes
and Services
Process management capacities essential in the implementation of any type of policy,
legislation, strategy and programme
To Monitor and Evaluate
Abilities to monitor progress, measure results and codify lessons, for learning and
feedback to ensure accountability to partners and the ultimate beneficiaries of
development
3
UNDP Capacity Assessment Framework for MDG Based PRSP’s
Functional Capacities
To Assess &
Analyze
To Formulate
Policy &
Strategy
To Manage &
Implement
Programmes &
Services
To Monitor &
Evaluate
Vision & Leadership
Accountability
Mechanisms
Core Issues
Public Engagement
Human Resources
Financial Resources
Physical Resources
Environmental
Resources
Qs in each
cross section
Globalization /
Internat’l Relations
Crisis Prevention &
Recovery
Gender &
Development
Human Rights
4
Application of Capacity assessment in MDG
Based PRSP’s
Integration of Capacity Assessment and Planning & Programming
Process Steps
Assess Capacity
Define Capacity
Development
Strategies/Actions
Cost Capacity
Development Actions
Linkages between Capacity Assessment and Development Strategies and UNDP Planning Frameworks
Millennium Development
Goal-Based Development
Strategies
Poverty Reduction
Strategies
CCA and UNDAF
5
Application of Capacity Development Strategies to MDG based
PRSP’s in Africa - Focus Areas
• Strengthening capacities of tertiary, training and research
institutions
• Supporting local administration and community service
delivery mechanisms
• Strengthening public sector capacity for policy development
and service delivery
• Deepening reforms in the public sector
6
Application of Capacity Development Strategies to MDG based
PRSP’s in Africa - Core capacities
•
•
•
•
Policy analysis and formulation
Leadership and change management
Planning, absorption, and utilization of resources
Accessing, sharing and managing knowledge,
learning and information management
• Statistical and database management, and
monitoring capacities
• Managing accountability mechanisms
• Participatory and integrated approaches
7
Local Level Capacity Development
Capacity 2015
Objectives
•
Empowering local communities through participatory policy dialogue
and strategy options on the MDGs - Participatory planning, budgeting
M and E, toolkits, training
•
Strengthening local capacities for integrated planning and MDG
strategies for local development – Capacity 2015 committees, district
development plans, district databases and information systems
•
Facilitating capacity investments in institutions of service delivery –
Community action plans, partnerships
•
Codifying local knowledge, promoting learning and experience sharing
at local levels – The information and learning network (ILN) and the
Local level information systems (LIIS), accountability mechanisms
8
IPS REGIONAL PROGRAMMES
Local Level Capacity - Capacity 2015 and the IPS
Empowering
local
Communities
Strengthening
local
capacities for
integrated
planning
Facilitating
capacity
development
investments in
service
delivery
Codifying
local
knowledge
and learning
MDG-Based Needs
Assessments and
Diagnostics
- Review of local
participatory
planning processes
- Engaging
communities in
local needs
assessments
- Community Report
Cards
- “Balanced
Scorecards”
-Capacity and
needs assessments
on all levels
- Municipal
assessments
- Organisational
capacity
assessments
- Systematic
application of
diagnostics
approach to CD
strategies
- Toolkit with
methodologies for
local needs
assessments
- “Trunk and
Branch” model for
engaging CSOs in
e-network
Widening Access to Policy
Options
- Participatory budgeting
- Support to buy-in by
neighbourhood associations
in local plans
-Local-local dialogue
Strengthening National
Capacities for Service
Delivery
- Training of trainers (ToTs)
for engaging communities
in service delivery
- Capacity of local leaders
to contribute to
implementation
- Development of mediumterm municipal plans
- Capacity for Local
Integrated Planning (urban
environment, HIV/AIDS,
urban poverty and urban
governance integration)
- Legal and institutional
development (harmonisation
of norms, auditing)
- Incentives for interjurisdictional cooperation
- Support to the
implementation of local
Action plans, i.e. quality
control, procurement,
partnering and networking
skills
- Dissemination of Toolkit for
Localizing the MDGs
- Adaptation of existing
databases and toolkits i.e.
UN-HABITAT “Best
Practices”
- Accessing global expertise
on local policy issues
- Leadership skills toolkit
- Electronic dissemination
of consultants’ roster and
companies to support
implementation
- Local level integrated info
systems for implementation
- Local governance and
decentralisation training
- Increased reviews of local
service delivery
mechanisms
9
SACI TRANSFORMATIONAL FRAMEWORK
Innovation and
Reorganization of
Service Delivery
Innovative development
of training programs and
institutions for meeting
new demands for Skills
Creating enabling policy
environments and Developing
adequate leadership and
management capacity
Transformatio
n of Mindset
and
development
paradigm
Values &
Attitudes
Effective and Efficient
delivery of Public
Service in all key sectors
Capacity stabilisation,
maintenance and
utilisation
Private sector & Civil
Society involvement in
service delivery
Achievement of MDGs
National Development
Plans, National Vision
Eradicate
extreme
poverty
and
hunger
Achieve
universal
primary
education
Promote
gender
equality
and
empower
women
Reduce
child
mortality
Improve
maternal
health
Combat
HIV/AIDS,
malaria
and other
diseases
Ensure
environmental
Sustainability
Develop a
global
Partnership for
developm
ent
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals
 Policy framework
 Legal/Regulatory framework
 System Alignment
THE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT
 Accountability framework
 Leadership & ownership
EFFECTIVE SERVICE
DELIVERY
In terms of:
 Availability
 Accessibility
 Acceptability
 Quality of Contact
PROCESSES
STRUCTURE
and CULTURE
Effective Work
flow processes?
Appropriate values
and standards?
Planning and
execution?
Effectively
structured and
organized?
Effective
Management
systems &
practices?
Proper M & E?
Clearly defined
responsibilities?
Proper incentives
in place?
STRATEGY
and MISSION
Clear defined
Vision, Mission
and mandate?
Adequate strategy
and objectives?
Defined product/
service/ client
outputs?
 Health
 Education
 Agriculture
 Finance
 Public Administration
 Other sectors…
HUMAN
CAPABILITY
RESOURCES
Proper Knowledge,
Skills, Values and
Attitudes among all
staff, at all levels?
Sufficient and
appropriate
deployed human
resources?
Coherence
between mindset/
worldview and
mission/Vision?
Adequate and
effectively
managed financial
resources?
I NFRASTRUCTURE
Material
requirements
allocated and
managed
effectively?
(Buildings,
offices, vehicles,
computers..)
THE ENTITY LEVEL
11
Scaling up of the
Southern Africa Capacity Initiative (SACI) and the IPS
•
•
•
•
Expanding SACI to More African Countries
Capacity development
Working within the Framework of the IPS
Initiation of Consultations with the identified countries
12
Next Steps
• Support for national and local programme implementation
– support in the implementation of CD strategies at national and local level as
integral parts of MDG based PRSP’s
– Consultations with country office on local level capacity development and
preparation of action plans
– Regional consultations and guidance on key issues
• Learning and knowledge management, including peer review
– The launch of an information and learning network including local level
information systems
– Peer learning and review amongst African Institutions
• Support in capacity diagnostics
– Launch of the capacity assessment tool
– Training
13

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