The Expansive Realm of Islam

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What do you know about
Islam?
A Prophet and his World
A. Muhammad and his
message
1. Arabian Peninsula
was mostly desert
a) Nomadic peoples
organized in clans
b) Important in longdistance trade
networks between
China/India and
Persia/Byzantium
2. Muhammad’s early life
a) Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (570 CE)
b) Married a wealthy widow (595 CE)
c) Became a merchant
3. Muhammad’s spiritual
transformation at age 40
a) One true God, Allah
b) Gabriel delivered these messages
4. Quran (“recitation”)
B. Muhammad’s migration to
Medina
1. Conflict at Mecca
2. The hijra
3. The “seal of the prophet”
C. The establishment of
Islam in Arabia
1. Muhammad’s return to
Mecca
2. The Ka’ba was not
destroyed; it became
site of pilgrimage in 632
3. 5 Pillars of Islam
4. Islamic law: the sharia
The Expansion of Islam
A. The early caliphs
and Umayyad
dynasty
1. The Caliph
2. Dramatic
expansion of
Islam
3. The Shia
4. The Umayyad
dynasty (661-750
CE)
B. The Abbasid Dynasty
1. Lasted from 750-1258 CE
2. Abbasid administration
3. Abbasid decline
Economy and society of the early
Islamic world
A. New crops, agricultural
experimentation, and
urban growth
1. Spread of new foods and
industrial crops
2. Effects of new crops
3. Agricultural
experimentation
4. Urban growth
B. The formation of hemispheric
trading zone
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Overland trade
Camels and caravans
Maritime trade
Banks
Organization of trade
C. The changing status of women
1. The Quran and women
2. Veiling of women
Islamic values and cultural
exchanges
A. The formation of an Islamic
cultural tradition
1. The Quran and sharia were
main sources to formulate
moral guidelines
2. Promotion of Islamic values
3. Sufis or Islamic mystics
4. The hajj
B. Islam and the cultural traditions of Persia, India and
Greece
1. Persian influence on Islam
2. Indian influences
3. Greek influences

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