Presentation Package

Facility Systems
Author name here for Edited books
Heating, Ventilation, and Air
• Ventilation helps produce better air quality
through extracting older air and replacing it
with new air. The American College of
Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends 8 to
12 air exchanges per hour in a gymnasium,
which can be accomplished with several
large ceiling exhaust fans.
• Heating
• Cooling
Air Quality
Factors that influence indoor air quality (IAQ):
• External variables: climate, water infiltration, and
ventilation and infiltration of outdoor air
• Building and HVAC-related concerns: building
design, structural materials, and HVAC design,
operations, and materials
• Internal variables: interior design, building
materials (paints, sealants, adhesives, carpets),
furnishings, equipment, occupant activities, pest
management, cleaning agents, and any internal
construction or renovation
Energy Systems
• Where does energy come from for lighting
and heating?
• How does energy reach the facility?
• Which types of sport facilities might be able
to generate some of their own power?
Lighting Systems
• Lighting is judged based on foot-candles,
which represents the amount of light
produced by a lighting system.
• Initial foot-candles relates to the amount of
light produced with a new system.
• Maintained foot-candles is the level needed
to compensate for inevitable loss of light
due to an aging light system.
• Wastewater systems: basic plumbing
systems for toilets, faucets, sprinklers,
showers, and water fountains
• Fire-suppression system
• Laundry system
Interior Systems
Audiovisual systems:
• Scoreboards
• Sound
• Lights
• Broadcasting
• Data
Exterior Systems
• Roofs: protection and drainage
• Building and grounds: landscaping
• Transportation
– Vehicles
– Escalators and elevators
• Parking
Combined Interior and
Exterior Systems
• Security systems
– Biometrics and access control
• Pest control: facility design to avoid sprays
and chemicals
• Waste management: where should trash
cans be placed?
• Facilities are composed of numerous
systems that help the facility operate and
provide comfort and convenience to those
in the facility.
• Everything (HVAC, plumbing systems,
lights, scoreboards, and escalators) needs
to be built, installed, and managed
Discussion Questions and Activities
• Which system do you think is the most
important for a sport facility?
• How would you manage a facility and handle a
crisis if one of the major systems was not
working during an event?
• Walk through a sport facility and identify all the
systems and try to trace the system through
the facility (i.e., see where it starts in the facility
and how it travels through the facility).

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