WarmUp: Make a List! • What is a social movement? • Make a list of all the social movements you can think of from history. Chapter 17.2 Collective Behavior & Social Movements Collective Behavior Review • Collective Behavior & Social Movements Video Objectives • Describe the types of social movements that exist & explain how they differ. • Identify the stages present in the life cycle of social movements & describe ways in which the existence of social movements can be explained. Social Movements • a long-term, conscious effort to promote or prevent social change Prohibition Documentary Reactionary, Conservative, Revisionary, Revolutionary Reactionary Movements • main goal is to reverse current social trend or “turn back the clock” example: Tea Party, Occupy Wall Street Conservative Movements • try to protect what they see as society’s prevailing values from change that they consider to be a threat to those values • example: Republican Party within USA Revisionary Movements • goal is to improve or revise some part of society through social change • example: women’s suffrage movement (1820s- 1920) • End Women’s Suffrage? Revolutionary Movements • goal is a total & radical change to the existing social structure • example: French Revolution Agitation, Legitimation, Bureaucratization, Institutionalization Agitation • begins with belief that a problem exists • small group begins to stir up public awareness Legitimation • social movement becomes more respectable as it gains increasing acceptance Bureaucratization • movement develops a ranked structure of authority, official policies & efficient strategies for the future Institutionalization • movement becomes established as a part of society Relative Depravation Theory, Resource Mobilization Theory Relative Deprivation Theory • economic theory that suggests that social movements arise when large numbers of people feel economically or socially deprived of what they think they deserve Resource Mobilization Theory • not even the most ill-treated group will be able to bring about change without resources money ($$$) people media outlets Case Study: Social Movements & Technology • Read the case study on pg. 453 & answer the questions in your journal. • What other social movements have originated as a result of new technology? • How do you see technology affecting social movements in the future? • What sorts of possible future movements, do you see coming as a result of technological aid? Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear • Rally Highlights • Jon Stewart: Final Speech • In what ways is Stewart’s speech related to, or a commentary on, social movements? • Would you define the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear as a social movement? Why or why not? • If you would classify it as a social movement, what kind of movement is it? How do you know? • If you would not classify it as a social movement, what would it need to become one? Will it?