Sociology Chapter 17.2

WarmUp: Make a List!
• What is a social movement?
• Make a list of all the social movements you can
think of from history.
Chapter 17.2
Collective Behavior &
Social Movements
Collective Behavior Review
• Collective Behavior & Social Movements Video
• Describe the types of social
movements that exist & explain how
they differ.
• Identify the stages present in the life
cycle of social movements & describe
ways in which the existence of social
movements can be explained.
Social Movements
• a long-term, conscious effort to promote or prevent
social change
Prohibition Documentary
Reactionary, Conservative, Revisionary,
Reactionary Movements
• main goal is to reverse current social trend or
“turn back the clock”
example: Tea Party,
Occupy Wall Street
Conservative Movements
• try to protect what
they see as society’s
prevailing values
from change that they
consider to be a
threat to those values
• example: Republican
Party within USA
Revisionary Movements
• goal is to improve or revise
some part of society
through social change
• example: women’s
suffrage movement
(1820s- 1920)
• End Women’s Suffrage?
Revolutionary Movements
• goal is a total &
radical change to the
existing social
• example: French
Agitation, Legitimation, Bureaucratization,
• begins with belief
that a problem
• small group
begins to stir up
public awareness
• social
becomes more
respectable as
it gains
• movement
develops a
ranked structure
of authority,
official policies &
strategies for the
• movement
established as a
part of society
Relative Depravation Theory, Resource
Mobilization Theory
Relative Deprivation Theory
• economic theory
that suggests that
social movements
arise when large
numbers of people
feel economically
or socially deprived
of what they think
they deserve
Resource Mobilization Theory
• not even the most
ill-treated group
will be able to bring
about change
without resources
 money ($$$)
 people
 media outlets
Case Study:
Social Movements & Technology
• Read the case study on pg. 453 & answer the
questions in your journal.
• What other social movements have originated as
a result of new technology?
• How do you see technology affecting social
movements in the future?
• What sorts of possible future movements, do you
see coming as a result of technological aid?
Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear
• Rally Highlights
• Jon Stewart: Final Speech
• In what ways is Stewart’s speech related to, or a
commentary on, social movements?
• Would you define the Rally to Restore Sanity
and/or Fear as a social movement? Why or why
• If you would classify it as a social movement, what
kind of movement is it? How do you know?
• If you would not classify it as a social movement,
what would it need to become one? Will it?

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