#21 #22 #23 #24 #25 #26 #27 #28 Chapter 1 and 2 Studyguide Chapter 1 and 2 Test Classification Goal and Beginning level Pre/Post Test Characteristics of Living/Nonliving things Characteristics of Living things notes Redi Reading Redi Reading Students will be able to analyze and describe how and why organisms are classified according to shared characteristics. Students will be able to explain the concepts of the Linnaean system combined with the concepts of Domains. Living things are called Organisms A Cell is the smallest unit of Life (smallest living thing!) Organisms may be composed of one cell or many cells 1. CellsOrganized with orderly structure 2. Chemicalsall cells are made up of chemicals Ex. Water, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, DNA 3. Respond Living things respond to their surroundings Stimulus—anything that causes an organism to react Response—the way an organism reacts to a stimulus An atom is the smallest unit of life. Which of the following is NOT a chemical of life? A. Mineral B. Water C. DNA D. Carbohydrate Living things respond to a stimulus in their surroundings. 4. Grow and develop- is the process of change that occurs during an organisms life Living things reproduce. Produce offspring similar to parents either sexually or asexually 5. Asexual reproduction-one parent produces offspring identical to parent Sexual reproduction-two parents combine DNA to produce new organism different from parents 6. EnergyOrganisms get energy from breaking down materials. Growth and development occur ______. A. Only at the birth of an organism B. During the organism’s life C. When an organism dies D. Never Organisms can reproduce sexually or asexually. Organisms gain energy by breaking down materials. Food and Water-used as energy source Shelter An organisms ability to keep the proper conditions inside, no matter what is going oin outside. Ex. Body Temperature What do organisms NOT need to survive? A. Food B. Internal stability C. Shelter D. Sunlight Which of the following is NOT a trait of a living thing? A. Growth B. Energy Use C. Sunlight D. Response How well do you feel that you understand this lesson? 1. Not at all 2. Just a little 3. Comfortable with this information 4. Very well, ready for a test. In your groups, pass around the whiteboard. Each person should list ONE trait or need of living things until all are listed. There are 8 total.