USAID-Sub-Brand Powerpoint Template

Report
MARKETS II & Aflatoxin:
Any meeting point?
Project Background
MARKETS II – Maximizing Agricultural Revenue
and Key Enterprises in Targeted Sites II
Follow-on to the erstwhile MARKETS project:
2005 – 2010 & and Bridge to MARKETS II:
December 2010 to April 2011
MARKETS II
2012 – 2017
MARKETS I Legacy and Approach
Project Background (2)
Designed to strengthen: Agricultural
competitiveness and food security in Nigeria by
improving livelihoods in selected areas through
improving productivity, increasing value addition,
.increasing commercialization of selected
commodities and processed products, and
improving policy environment
Commodities
Rice
Cassava
Sorghum
Sesame
Cocoa
Maize
Cowpea
Aquaculture
Dairy
Objective
Increase private-sector participation and
investment, raise incomes, increase
employment, promote food security and reduce
poverty
MARKETS Activities
• Training farmers to increase productivity and income
through the application of best agronomic practices
and increasing farmers' access to quality seeds,
fertilizer and CPPs.
• Providing farmers access to credit and other inputs
• Brokering partnerships
• Linking farmers to guaranteed markets
• Promoting value-added processing
Our Approach:
USAID MARKETS signs
agreement with BOA to provide
credit at 8% to farmers
May - July
Last season, MARKETS Farmers
increased yields from 1 MT per hectare
to an average of 2.1 MT per hectare.
Average net income increased to
46,750 Naira
August - September
October
January
Malted sorghum replaces
imported barley. Aba
Malting Plant Capacity: at
least 60,000 MT
February - May
MARKETS Partner Da-Allgreen Seeds provides seeds, advice to farmers,
transportation and logistics, limited credit and delivery to the Aba Malting Plant
Partners: Rice Processing
Farmer Cooperatives
First Bank of Nigeria
Nigerian Agricultural Insurance
Corporation
ADP / Benue State
Government
Olam Nigeria Limited
Achievements of MARKETS I:
Yield / Ha as a Proxy for Production Competitiveness
7.00
Average Yield per Hectare
6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00
Global Average
Regional Avg (Rest of ECOWAS)
Nigeria
MARKETS Rice Farmers (All States)
1981-90
4.72
1.49
2.08
1991-00
5.49
1.60
1.69
2001-05
5.79
1.94
1.38
1.50
2006
6.03
1.81
1.44
3.16
2007
6.18
1.83
1.43
5.00
2008
6.18
1.86
1.42
5.20
Farmer benefits go beyond increased yields. By growing high-yielding, market-driven
varieties, farmers generate greater profit margins due to the increased quantity and improved
prices for high-quality paddy.
2009
6.32
1.88
1.41
5.20
Achievements of MARKETS I (cont):
Beneficiaries Reached
1,169,430
People Trained in Agricultural Productivity
205,030
Gross Revenue Generated By Clients
$ 260 M
$ 364.2 M
Credit leveraged
$ 57 M
76.5MM
$$76.5
People adopting new technologies or management practices
545,952
590,000
So, what have all these got to do
with Aflatoxin?
Maize and Groundnuts are the most
susceptible crops to Aflatoxin
Maize is one of MARKETS mandated commodities
to support the fish feed and poultry industry.
Networked farmers are assisted to grow the crop
and supply our partner organizations for industrial
uses. Nigeria produces about 8 million metric tons
of maize annually out of which about ½ is stored
Facts:
We have noted that Mycotoxins:
a) develop during production and harvesting or storage of
agric produce
b) occur more frequently under tropical and sub-tropical
conditions
c) are very stable, resisting high temperatures and several
manufacturing processes
d) affect agric productivity, human and animal health as well
as international trade
e) cannot be eliminated BUT controlled
Control measures
Train farmers to apply the following:
1) Dry grains as soon as possible after harvesting
2) Reduce breakage of grain to avoid contamination
3) Ensure silo conditions are oxygen free
4) Use crop rotation to avoid carry-over of moulds
5) Use resistant varieties
6) Encourage grain handlers to use masks to avoid
inhalation
Institutional collaboration
Initiate dialogue on how to incorporate the
above listed control measures and more into
Extension and farmer training curricula in the
relevant value chains
Let’s dry properly

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