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Report
List of Major Spices
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Pepper Corns
Ginger
Turmeric
Red Chillies
Cardamom (Green)
Cumin Seeds
Cloves
Cinnamon
Nutmeg
Coriander
Fennel
Ajwain
Fenugreek
Star Anise
World spice trade
Total Spices export from India (Mt)
800000
700000
21.53%
9.41%
600000
500000
502750
4.57%
699170
575270
525750
400000
300000
200000
100000
0
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
Commodity share in total Spices export (Mt)
CH= Chillies, TR= Turmeric, CU= Cumin, CO= Coriander, FK= Fenugreek, PP= Peppers
Other 19%
Other 19%
2%
CH 40%
1%
CH 40%
3%
3%
PP 4%
2%
FK 4.4%
FK 4.2%
CO 5.3%
CO 9.5%
CU 10%
TR 10%
2009-10
CU 11%
TR 11%
2012-13
Country wise Organic Spices Export
from India (Mt)
700
640
600
500
474
432
400
2010-11
300
2011-12
204
200
162
100
42
31
57
16 18
0
USA
Germany
Netherlands
UK
France
Black Pepper (High Volume)
400
Growing states:
Kerala (95%), Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
Harvest Period: November to January &
January to March
348.2
350
300
293.9
284.9
2009-10
2010-11
250
200
150
Traded Forms: Whole, Cracked & powder
100
50
Quality Attributes:
Size, Aroma, Volatile oil, Piperine content,
Bulk density
Major Quality Issues: Mold, Pesticides
Regulatory requirement: EIA for export to
USA
0
2011-12
Organic Pepper export (Mt) from India
Ginger
Growing states:
Kerala, Meghalaya, Arunachal
Pradesh, Mizoram, Sikkim, Nagaland,
Orisha
400
362.27
350
300
250
Harvest Period: January to February
200
195.1
162.8
150
Traded Forms: Slices, Cracked &
powder
100
50
0
Quality Attributes: Color, Aroma,
Volatile oil, Ash
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
Organic Ginger export (Mt) from India
Major Quality Issues: Pesticides,
Aflatoxins, Color
Regulatory requirement: Spices Board
inspection for export to EU
Turmeric (High Volume)
Growing states:
Andhra Pradesh, Orisha, Karnataka,
400
Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra etc.
336.62
350
Harvest Period: February to May
300
250
Traded Forms: Whole & powder
200
Quality Attributes: Color, Aroma,
Curcumin
100
140.39
150
67.07
50
0
2009-10
Major Quality Issues: Pesticides,
Dyes, Aflatoxin
Regulatory requirement: Spices Board
inspection before export.
2010-11
2011-12
Organic Turmeric export (Mt) from India
Red Chilies (High Volume)
Growing states:
Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra,
Karnataka etc.
Harvest Period: December to May
(Guntur)
Traded Forms: Whole, Crushed &
powder
180
163.1
160
140
120
100
72.9
80
60
41.2
40
20
Quality Attributes: Color, Pungency
0
2009-10
Major Quality Issues: Pesticides,
Aflatoxin, Dyes
Regulatory requirement: Spices Board
inspection for export
2010-11
2011-12
Organic Chilli export (Mt) from India
Nutmeg (High Value)
Growing states: Kerala, Tamil Nadu
30
Harvest Period: May to August
25.52
25
20
Traded Forms: Whole, Cracked &
powder
15
10
Quality Attributes: Size, Aroma,
Volatile oil
6.82
8.24
5
0
Major Quality Issues: Mold,
Pesticides, Aflatoxins
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
Organic Nutmeg/mace export (Mt) from India
Regulatory requirement: Spices Board
inspection for export
Cumin (High Value)
Growing states: Gujrat & Rajasthan
100.00
Harvest Period: February to May
86.61
90.00
80.00
70.00
Traded Forms: Whole & powder
60.00
50.00
Quality Attributes: Size, Color,
Aroma, Volatile oil
40.00
33.43
30.00
20.00
13.42
10.00
Major Quality Issues: Pesticide,
color
Regulatory requirement: None
0.00
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
Organic Cumin export (Mt) from India
Other Spices
Commodity
Clove
Cardamom
Cinnamon
Growing
States
Kerala, Karnataka,
Tamilnadu
Kerala, Karnataka,
Tamilnadu
Kerala, Karnataka, Rajasthan,
Tamilnadu
Gujrat, MP
Harvest
Period
Dec. to April
Oct to Jan
Post Monsoon
Feb to April
Traded
Forms
Whole, Cracked &
Powder
Whole & Powder
Whole & Powder
Whole & Powder
Quality
Attributes
Size, Color, Aroma,
Volatile Oil
Size, Color, Aroma, Size, Color,
Volatile Oil
Aroma, Volatile
Oil
Size, Color,
Aroma
Quality Issue Hairs, Pesticides,
Stems
Pesticide, Color,
Aroma, Taste
Mold, Pesticides,
Ash
Pesticide &
Insect
Regulatory
None
None
None
None
Coriander
Other Spices (Continued..)
Commodity
Fennel
Ajwain
Fenugreek
Star Anise
Growing
States
Gujrat, Rajasthan,
UP
Rajasthan, Gujrat
Rajasthan, MP,
Gujrat
Arunachal
Pradesh
Harvest
Period
Dec to March
May to June
Feb to April
July to
September
Traded
Forms
Whole
Whole
Whole
Whole
Quality
Attributes
Size, Color, Aroma, Size, Color,
Taste
Aroma, Taste
Size, Color, Aroma
Size, Color,
Aroma
Quality Issue Taste, Size, Insect
Pesticide & Insect
Pesticide &
Allergens
Mold, Pesticides
Regulatory
None
None
None
None
Value Addition in Spices
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Cleanliness (As per US & EU Standard)
Various Granulations
Blend Spices or Spice Mix
Sterilization (Salmonella Issue)
Retail Packaging
Infrastructure Requirements
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Organic fumigation Chambers (Optional)
Seed Cleaning Line
Grinding Line/ Mill
Vibro Sifters
Blender (Optional)
Steam Sterilizer
Vacuum Sealing Machine
Metal Detector

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