Stave 3 Reading skills: identifying details Literary devices: humor, hyperbole, foreshadowing, juxtaposition, personification Literary Devices • Purpose: To make story more enjoyable • To help you understand the story • To make the story more powerful, interesting and memorable • For fun! Details: picture the scene • Scrooge’s room • Cratchit women clothes • Do now: sketch in your notes what one of these scenes looks like. Imagine the colors. Hyperbole (exaggeration) Humor • It was a million degrees outside! • Everyone in the stadium noticed giant streamer of toilet paper, like a banner behind an airplane, hanging off my shoe. • Scrooge’s fear on p. 81 Foreshadowing: a hint of what’s to come • Had I known then what I know now, I wouldn’t have been able to face the day. • “Bob’s voice. . . Trembled more when he said that Tiny Tim was growing strong and hearty.” Juxtaposition: two things side by side making them both clearer • Two people. • Red next to green makes both sharper. • Mean Scrooge and kind Fred. Foil • Foil: When two people are next to each other to make a character trait stand out. Personification: inanimate object with feelings; give ideas human form • The moon smiled down on the lovers. The dog slunk away with his tail between his legs. The dog slunk away guiltily. Example of personification from ACC? Ignorance and Want as two bedraggled children. Ignorance and Want • The boy is Ignorance; the girl is Want – the boy is more dangerous • Why does Dickens believe this? • What did he do in his life to fix ignorance? Review – Literary Devices – Details – Hyperbole – Juxtapositon – Personification – Forshadowing – Foil Stave 3 “Team Talk” Questions • 1. How is Scrooge’s room transformed by the arrival of the Ghost of Christmas Present? • 2. What is a “twice-turned” gown? What does it mean that Mrs. Cratchit and her daughter are “brave” in ribbons? What do these details convey? Stave 3 “Team Talk” Questions continued… • 3. The Spirit reveals that Tiny Tim will die “if these shadows remain unaltered by the Future.” Why is Scrooge “overcome with penitence and grief”? • 4. According to Scooge’s nephew, Fred, who always suffers from Scrooge’s “ill whims”? Stave 3 “Team Talk” Questions continued… • 5.Humor in writing taps into the human disposition to laugh at the ridiculous, the ludicrous, and the comical. Hyperbole is exaggeration used for humorous effect. How does dickens use humor and hyperbole to help the reader understand how frightened Scrooge is of the second Spirit? Give me some SPECIFIC examples from the TEXT. “Team Talk” • 7. Foreshadowing is ahunt or a clue an author gives to suggest something that may happen later in the story. What might Dickens be foreshadowing in this passage: “Bob’s voice…trembled more when he said that Tiny Tim was growing strong and hearty”? “Team Talk” • 8. Juxtaposition is the act of placing two things side by side in order to make characteristics of the two things more distinct. For example, Dicksn juxtaposes the setting of black house fronts, furrowed streets, gloom, dingy mist, and soot with the cheerfulness of the people in the houses, emphasizing the contrast. Find another example of juxtaposition in Stave 3. “Team Talk” • 10. Personification gives human form to abstractions. How does Dickens personify ignorance and want (poverty and oppression) in Stave Three? Why do you think he chooses to personify these abstractions as he does? “Team Talk” Digging Deeper… • 11. Of the Cratchit’s Christmas celebration, the narrator states: “There was nothing of high mark in this…But they were happy, grateful, pleased with one another, and contented with the time…” Despite having barely enough to fill everyone at a meal, every Cratchit is thankful and refrains from even hinting that the pudding is small. Why do you think that is? “Team Talk” • Read Philippians 4:12-13. What does Paul say is the “secret” of being “content in any and every situation”? “Team Talk” • 12. The Spirit takes Scrooge from place to place and to many homes. What personal qualities or traits are demonstrated for Scrooge through these encounters? • Read Galatians 5:22-23. What are the fruits of the Spirit listed in this passage? Compare this list to the list you made in the previous question. What are their similarities and differences? • To what extent can we cultivate these qualities in ourselves, and to what extent are they gifts from God? Comic Strip - Model • To keep track of the many places (at least 8, some people count 10) the characters visit, draw each scene (stick figures are fine, but each “scene” needs to have details). • Include the setting and the characters • Label the scene (maybe you’re not a great artist and I won’t be able to tell!) • Fold your paper to make nice squares, use pencil or colored pencil. No pens or markers.