Science & Technology Policy of Lao PDR

Report
Science & Technology
Policy
of Lao PDR
Sengchanh PHASAYASENG
Department of Science & Technology, NAST
[email protected]
Cambodiana Hotel, 18-20 Nov 2008
1. Country Background
2. Direction, Promotion & Major
Policy for the implementation of
S&T development
3. Action Programs for the next 5
years
4. Measures for the Implementation
of S&T Policy
1. Country Background
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Geography:
• Landlocked Country
• of 236,800 Km2.
Population :
• 5.9 million (2006)
39 % still lives in poverty.
Economy: The mainly base
• Agriculture: 50.9% .
• Industry:23.4%
• Services 25.7 % .
• Annual per capital income
• US$490 ( 2007) .
• GDP increase 6-7% .
Politic: Stable regime.
(
1.1. LAO S&T Institutions’ background
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1967 establishment of Geology and Mining
Department
( Ministry of Energy & Mining ).
1982 establishment of State Committee of Science and
Technology ( Now is NAST )
1999 establishment of Agricultural and Forestry
Research Institutes with 10 Research Centers:
1983 establishment of National Arts and Literature
Research Institute(1993 Culture Research Institute )
1995 establishment of National University of Laos with
11 Faculties.
2000 establishment of Health Science Institute with 7
Research centers:
1.2. The National Authority for Science
and Technology (NAST)
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Undertaken numerous experimental and
application researches to adapt technology with
the Lao context and culture.
Concentrated its efforts in undertaking on the
job training that contributing to the up
gradation of our Scientifics, Engineers &
Technologists ( SETs )
Formulated and drafted some necessary S&T
Policies, plans, Programs , Projects and
activities, Regulations, Decrees, Laws.
1.3. Constraints
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We may say that S&T R&D in Lao PDR is still in the
initial stage.
S&T R&D has been undertaken with very limited
Resources,
harmonization
and
management
mechanism is not yet in place .
Lack of 4 M.( Manpower, Money, Material
&Management )
Education system still in the infant stage, only one
University, Private education well being developed.
The coordination and cooperation between University
and Industry are just promoting and encouraging.
2. Direction , Promotion and Major Policy for
the implementation of S&T development
2.1.
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H.R.D
Define the HRD plan in medium and long term at all level.
Develop the S&T curriculum of the NUOL to provide
Masters and PhD in S&T.
Develop the capability of appropriate Research centers to
conduct training courses in priority sectors.
Apply effectively the S&T HRD to fit the knowledge,
competence and skills, use reward system for the talented
and creative SETs .
Strengthen the creation of awareness in S&T and
impregnate into live style.
2.2.
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Management & Coordination of S&T
The National S&T council should be established and
define the direction in S&T policy for the development.
The NAST should undertake the supporting and
coordinating function to promote S&T activities in the
various implementing and help translating policy into
action.
Establish a National S&T Research Institute.
Establish a Committee of S&T in different Ministries
and Provinces to act as Advisory Board Committee to
the Ministry.
Develop the appropriate and collaborative research
center in close collaboration with the NUOL for
improving the capability of S&T research aiming to
promote the production and industrial development.
2.3. S&T Investment
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Use effectively the funds allocated by the
Government ( 4-5% of GDP/year for S&T
R&D)
Mobilize the funds from private sectors
Attract the international assistance &
Coop.
Create S&T Foundation .
3. Action Programs for the next 5 years
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Infrastructure AP.
S&T Management AP.
S&T HRD AP.
Creation of National S&T Research
Institute AP.
Collaborative AP
Some possible AP
4. Measures for the Implementation
of S&T Policy
1.
2.
3.
Operate (4 - 5% ) Budget allocated by the
GOL that should be shared with other Sectors
involved in the Development of S&T.
The National S&T Policy shall be
promulgated throughout the country for good
understanding for plans, programs and
projects formulation.
This Policy shall be implemented effectively
by State and Public Organizations.
Khobchai
Thank you

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