Non-Verbal Communication - Motivational Interviewing

Integrating Adventure
Education to Spice Up
Training Sessions and
Augment Change Talk
MINT Forum
Richard Rutschman, Ed. D.
Chicago Teachers’ Center
Northeastern Illinois University
Today’s Session
 Activities Useful for Training Sessions
– Increase interaction, emotional safety & energize participants
– Insight on mind-brain
 Activities To Reinforce MI Spirit & the Nuanced Skills of MI
– Verbal & Non-Verbal Communication
– Empathy (emotional attunement, mirror neurons)
 Activities to Review Concepts Learned
 Way to Support/Guide Clients Through Change Process
 Large Circles, Small Circles, Pairs, Pop-Corn Discussion
OUTCOME: Build “integrative neural fibers” as a result of our
multi-modal interaction.
The Brain Simulation
 50 or more Neurotransmitters
 Balanced levels in accordance with what is going on in
the environment is critical
 Stress neuro-chemicals important but need to be
balanced and over abundant long term
Social exclusion [emotional
threats] makes the same part of
the brain light up as pain.
Praise [affirmations] makes the
same part of the brain light up as
winning a prize. Affirmations?
Look at the words below, say out loud the
COLOR not the word from left to right:
Face and eye contact are hard wired
into our neural circuits… Right brain
perceives and sends messages
through facial expressions, left brain
through words.*
*Seigel, 2012. The Developing Mind: How Relationships and the Brain
Interact to Shape Who We Are (2nd Ed); Guilford Press: NY, p. 176-177
Activities to Enhance
 Finger Catch (hemispheres)
 Challenge by Choice (autonomy)
 Zones (self-determination/self-efficacy)
 Brain Simulation (environment affects mental process,
 Webbing Circle Activities (overcoming fear, relying on
others for support)
 Finger Trust Walk (trust & rapport building for
therapeutic alliance)
Processing the Experience
 Guiding Skills:
a) head & heart/reflecting experience,
b) generalizing/making meaning/evoking change
c) application/evoking commitment language)
Activities to Understand &
Reinforce MI Spirit & the
Nuanced Skills of MI
Attunement of mental states through
nonverbal connection is a
collaborative communication that is
needed on the part of therapists,
parents and really in all human
*Seigel, 2012. The Developing Mind: How Relationships and the Brain
Interact to Shape Who We Are (2nd Ed); Guilford Press: NY, p. 94-95.
 Emotions serve to connect one mind to another.
 Emotional processing prepares the brain and the rest of the
body for action, to “evoke motion.”
 Emotions are critical to memory, learning and
 Non-verbal communication conveys emotions (facial
expression, tone, posture, gestures)
 The circuits that connect emotions include the Prefrontal
Cortex with the Amygdala (tend to be on the right side of
that vertical connection)
 Empathy provides the attunement to help a
person organize their mind.*
 “Mirror properties in our brain enable us to
imagine empathically what is going on inside
another person.”^
 Mirror Neurons involve cells that are both motor
and perceptually activated.
*Seigel, 2012, p. 175
^Ibid, p. 165.
Mirror Neurons
 Empathy involves Mirroring
 Subconscious Mirroring
 Synchronic Integration
Activities to Understand &
Reinforce MI Spirit & the
Nuanced Skills of MI
 Traps (Avoiding the Righting Reflex and other traps)
 Verbal Communication/Reflection Activities
 Chiji Cards (Practice Affirmations and Reflective Listening)
 Non-Verbal Communication—
Meeting Eyes (Energizer, Non-verbal communication)
Screaming Toes “
Whose Go My Money? (Energizer, Non-verbal communication)
Space Counting (reflective listening, collaborative communication)
Lean Walk (Collaborative Communication, Guiding)
 Exploration of Empathy
 Collaborative-Integrative Conversation to Resolve
Ambivalence (connecting neural circuits)
The Importance of Neural Integration
Interpersonal Relationships/Communication are
Essential to Neural Integration
 Collaborative Communication is Integrative, promoting
growth of integrative fibers in the brain (Seigel, 2012)
 Imagining change begins the process of rewiring the
The Benefits of Neural Integration
 Improves memory
 Makes relationships stronger
 Increases creativity and efficiency
 Increases resiliency and flexibility
 Improves problem-solving skills
 Helps a person create the life they want
Ways to Promote
Neural Integration = MI
 Balance nurturance and optimal stress (guide)
 Empathic attunement (empathy, affirmations,
 Involvement of both affect and cognition (reflective
 Simultaneous activation of neural networks
 Affect regulation (change steps/process)
 Co-construction of narratives (Reflective Listening)
Cozolino, L. (2011). The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy, 2nd ed. NY:
W.W. Norton & Co., Inc.
Activities to Review MI
 Smith Circles
 All My Friends
 Face-Off
Activity Descriptions/Contact
To obtain a copy of the activities:
Go to [email protected] (as if it was your own
account) password: greenhand forward the message to
Contact me at [email protected] and request a copy
or other request.
Adventure Education/Therapy:
Cavert, Chris & Steven Simpson (2010). The Chiji Guidebook.
Wood ‘n’ Barnes Publishing, Bethany, OK.
Cavert, Chris & L. Frank (1999). Games for Teachers. Wood ‘n’ Barnes
Publishing, Bethany, OK.
Frank, Laurie (2004). Journey Toward the Caring Classroom. Wood ‘n’
Barnes Publishing, Bethany, OK.
Frank, L. .Carlin & J. Christ (2008). Leading Together. Wood ‘n’ Barnes
Publishing, Bethany, OK.
Lung, Maurie, Gary Stauffer and Tony Alvarez (2008). The Power of One
(Adventure with one on one counseling). Wood ‘n’ Barnes Publishing,
Bethany, OK.
Gass, Michael (1993). Adventure Therapy. Kendall/Hunt Publishing
Company, Dubuque, IO.
Rohnke, Karl & Steve Butler (1995). Quicksilver: Adventure Games,
Initiative Problems, Trust Activities. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company,
Dubuque, IO.
Rohnke, (1989)Cowstails & Cobras II. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company,
Dubuque, IO.
Amen, Daniel (1998). Change Your Brain Change Your Life; Three
Rivers Press: NY.
Boleyn-Fitzgerald, Miriam (2010). Pictures of the Mind: What the new
Neuroscience Tells Us About Who We Are; Pearson Education: NJ.
Caine, Geoggrey and Renate N. Caine (2001). The Brain, Education,
and the Competitive Edge; Scarecrow Press: Lanham, Maryland.
Caine, Renate N. and G. Caine, C. McClintic and K. Klimek (2009).
12 Brain/Mind Learning Principles in Action: Developing Executive
Functions of the Human Brain; Corwin Press: Thousand Oaks, CA.
Cozolino, Louis (2010). The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing
the Social Brain; Norton: NY.
Handson, Rick (2009). Buddha’s Brain: The Practical Neuroscience
of happiness, love and Wisdom; New Harbinger Publications:
Oakland, CA.
Jensen, Eric (19998). Teaching with the Brain in Mind, ASCD,
Alexandria, VA.
Horstman, Judith (2009). The Scientific American Day in the Life of Your
Brain: A 24 Hour Journal of What’s Happening in Your Brain; JosseyBass: San Francisco.
Pink, Daniel (2006). A Whole New Mind; Riverhead Books: NY.
Restak, Richard (2006). The Naked Brain: How the Emerging
Neuroscience is Changing How We Live, Work and Love; Three Rivers
Press: NY.
Schwartz, Jeffery and Sharon Begley (2003). The Mind & The Brain:
Neoplasticity and the Power of Mental Force; HarperCollins: NY.
Seigel, Daniel (2012). The Developing Mind: How Relationships and the
Brain Interact to Shape Who We Are (2nd Ed); Guilford Press: NY.
Seigel, Daniel (2011). Mindsight: The New Science of Personal
Transformation; Bantom Books: NY.
Strauch, Barbara (2003). The Primal Teen: What the New Discoveries
About the Teenage Brain Tell Us about Our Kids; Anchor Books: NY.

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