Unit 5: The New South

Report
SS8H7: The student will evaluate key
 political, social, and economic
 changes that occurred in Georgia
 between 1877 and 1918.
Evaluate- to make a judgment as to the
worth
or value of something; judge,
assess
Bourbon Triumvirate: GA’s 3 most powerful
politicians during the Post-Reconstruction Era.
• John B. Gordon
• Joseph E. Brown
• Alfred H. Colquitt
Characteristics:
-All key figures during Civil War
-Shared power between the governor and senate
seats from 1872-1890
- Championed railroad and mining industry
- Supported low taxes & fewer government
services(conservative)
-White supremacist
 Born in
 Lawyer
SC
and Judge (Yale
Law School)
 State senator
 N. Georgia farmer
 Governor during the civil
war
• State’s rights activist
• Remained until June
Governor Joseph Brown
1865—lost popularity by
asking Georgians to go
along with Rad. Repub.
Policies, believing it would
shorten Reconstruction
 Born
in GA
 Lawyer: Princeton Law School
 State congressman
• Served at Georgia’s secession
convention
 Maj. Gen. in
Confederate Army
 1876: elected Governor
• State debt reduced
• Wanted to increase industry in the
South
• New state constitution (1877)
Alfred
Colquitt





Born in GA
Took over father’s mine business
Lt. Gen. in Confederate Army
US Senator from GA: 1872-1880
• Resigned 1880 due to scandal
Contributed to the Compromise of
1877—gave Rutherford B. Hayes the
presidency in exchange for the
removal of Federal troops from the
South

Rumored Head of Georgia’s KKK
during Reconstruction


1886: elected Governor
Brought new industry to Georgia
Lt. Gen. John B. Gordon
Failures
Successes

State taxes lowered

State war debts reduced

Business and industry
expanded

Did not improve lives of
poor

Education suffered

Did not reform prisons

Poor working conditions
in factories

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