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2.1 – Describing Location in a Distribution Day 1 on Assignment Guide Percentiles • The percent of observations in a set of data that are below a certain value. • It is possible to include equal to, but we will strictly do below for consistency Cumulative Relative Frequency Plot • Remember relative frequency is percent • Cumulative – running total AKA “Ogives” Shape for Cumulative Relative Frequency Plot Where is the graph the steepest? What does this mean? Sketch a Cumulative Relative Frequency Plot for this data. Describe the shape. Sketch a Cumulative Relative Frequency Plot for symmetric and skewed left Check Your Understanding Turn to page 89 and do problems 1 – 4 We will do one at a time on the whiteboards z-scores • Also called standardized value • It is unit-less • Tells us how many standard deviations away from the mean a particular value is • Formula is on your formula sheet and on p. 90 In 2009, the mean number of wins in MLB was 81 with a standard deviation of 11.4 wins. 1. Find and interpret the z-score for the NY Yankees if they had 103 wins. 2. Find and interpret the z-score for the NY Mets if they had 70 wins. 1. z-score = (103-81)/11.4 = 1.93. Interpret: The NY Yankees were 1.93 standard deviations above the mean number of wins. 2. z-score = (70-81)/11.4 = -0.96. Interpret: The NY Mets were 0.96 standard deviations below the mean number of wins.