The Iroquois Confederacy Haudenosaunee Tribes Onondaga Seneca Cayuga Tuscarora Mohawk Oneida The Forming of the Iroquois. Around 1570, Hiawatha (an Onondaga chief) and Dekanawida (a Mohawk Chief) decided to stop their tribes from fighting. The five nations formed the Iroquois League. Iroquois Principles They would live in peace with each other. They would trade with each other. They would go to war TOGETHER. Each tribe elected Sachems to run the Confederacy. “We bind ourselves together by taking hold of each other’s hands. … Our strength shall be in union. … Carry no anger and hold no grudges” Long Houses 100 foot long houses that held 10-20 families. Each family had a section of the house. Women owned the longhouses and a husband would move into his wife’s mother’s longhouse. Iroquois Culture The “THREE SISTERS” of corn, beans and squash were farmed by the women. Deer, beaver, and moose were hunted by the men. The effect of ENVIRONMENT No grazing land for herds. The forest provided wood Forest animals gave the Iroquois food and clothing They needed crops they could store for the long winter in a temperate climate. A short growing season allowed for the 3 sisters to grow.