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Evaluate Math Journal 9-5 1) 15 – (-13) = Simplify 2) 142 − 32 + 2 − 7 Find the next 4 terms of the Arithmetic Sequence. 3) 7, 4, 1, -2, Find the next 3 terms of the Recursive Sequence. 4) 1, 3, 4, 7, 11, Unit 2 Day 4: Sequences as Functions Essential Questions: How can any term of an arithmetic sequence be determined? How do we represent a sequence in function notation? Patterns in Arithmetic Sequences Patterns can be thought of as sequences, or a list of numbers. The below example is what type of sequence? Arithmetic 1, 2 , 3 , … +1 +1 +1 Example: The set of Natural Numbers We can write an arithmetic sequence recursively if we know the pattern (or rule), and the first term. Writing a sequences recursively helps us find any term in the sequence. Example: 3, 8, 13, 18, … What is the pattern? We can use recursion to find the common difference without ‘guessing’ or ‘analyzing’. Current term: 8 Previous term: 3 Subtract 3 from the current term: 8 - 3 = +5 +5 is called the common difference. Example 1 Describe the sequence recursively : 12, 18, 24, 30, … First, find the common difference, label it d. d = 18 – 12 = 6 Now that we determined that this is an arithmetic sequence with a common difference between successive terms, we can predict the following terms: Term # Term 1 12 2 18 3 24 4 5 30 36 6 42 Is This Always Useful? What are some drawbacks? What if we want to find the 100th term in the sequence? We would have to find all 99 terms that precede it! Arithmetic nth Formula (nth term): an = a1 + d(n - 1) Term I want NOW! 1st Term in the Sequence Common Difference Term Number Example 2 an = a1 + d(n - 1) Use the formula for the following arithmetic sequence, then find the 10th term: 6, 4, 2, 0, … d = 4 - 6 = -2 a1 = 6 n = 10 an = 6 + (-2)(n - 1) a10 = 6 - 2(10 - 1) a10 = 6 - 2(9) a10 = 6 - 18 a10 = -12 Example 3 Use the arithmetic formula to determine the 9th term in the sequence: 3, 9, 15, 21, … = 1 + − 1 1 = 3, = 6, = 9 an = 3 + 6(9 - 1) a9 = 51 Writing An Arithmetic Sequence as a Function 1. List the given sequence. 2. Write down the formula: = 1 + − 1 .3. Identify the first term: 1 = 4. Calculate the common difference: = 5. Plug 1 and into the Arithmetic nth Formula. 6. Distribute the value. 7. Combine all like terms if needed. 8. Change the to function notation a(n). Writing An Arithmetic Sequence as a Function Consider the sequence 7, 11, 15, 19, … Think of each term as the output of a function. Think of the term number (n) as the input. Term number (n) 1 2 3 4 input Term 7 11 15 19 output Example 4 Following the Steps!! 1. 7, 11, 15, 19 2. = 1 + − 1 3. 1 = 7 4. = (11 - 7) = 4 5. an = 7 + 4(n - 1) 6. an = 7 + 4n – 4 7. an = 4n + 3 8. a(n) = 4n + 3 Term # 1 2 Term 11 15 19 output 7 3 4 input Example 5 Write the arithmetic sequence as a function. 6, 4, 2, 0, … = + ( − ) an = 6 + -2(n - 1) an= 6 + -2n + 2 an= -2n + 8 a(n) = -2n + 8 Example 6 Write the function for the arithmetic sequence. 3, 9, 15, 21, … = + ( − ) an = 3 + 6(n - 1) an= 3 + 6n - 6 an= 6n - 3 a(n) = 6n - 3 Summary Essential Questions: How can any term of an arithmetic sequence be determined? How do we represent a sequence in function notation? Take 1 minute to write 2 sentences answering the essential questions.