Group and Member objects

Report
Grouper Training
Developers and Architects
LDAP
Shilen Patel
Duke University
This work licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
Contents
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Introduction
Advantages and disadvantages
Flat vs bushy structure
Group and Member objects – Active Directory
Group and Member objects – OpenLDAP
Other group attributes
Flattened memberships vs direct
memberships only
• Tips on performing queries
2
Introduction
3
Introduction (continued)
•
Example LDAP structure.
•
dc=example,dc=edu
• ou=people
– uid=bob
» uid: bob
» givenName: Bob
» sn: Smith
» displayName: Bob Smith
» memberOf: cn=staff,ou=employees,ou=groups,dc=example,dc=edu
– uid=john
• ou=groups
• ou=employees
- cn=staff
» cn: staff
» description: All staff at the institution
» member: uid=bob,ou=people,dc=example,dc=edu
» member: uid=john,ou=people,dc=example,dc=edu
- cn=faculty
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Advantages and disadvantages
• Advantages
• Integration with third party applications.
• Performance
• High availability
• Disadvantages
• Read only
• Handling privileges
5
Flat vs bushy structure
• Flat
• Bushy
cn is typically the full
group name (ID Path)
Each ou represents a
Grouper folder. The value
is the stem extension
(Folder ID)
cn is typically the group
extension (ID)
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Group and Member objects – Active
Directory
• Group objects
• Group object class is “group”.
• sAMAccountName attribute – May be
generated directly by AD or as part of the
group provisioning.
• member attribute – LDAP entry DNs of
subjects that are members of the group.
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Group and Member objects – Active
Directory (continued)
• Member objects
• memberOf attribute – LDAP entry DNs of
groups that this subject is a member of. This
is a computed attribute.
8
Group and Member objects –
OpenLDAP
• Group objects
• Group object class is “groupOfNames” by default.
May also use eduMember.
• hasMember attribute – names of subjects that are
members of the group.
• isMemberOf attribute – names of groups that this
group is a member of.
• member attribute – LDAP entry DNs of subjects that
are members of the group.
• memberOf attribute – LDAP entry DNs of groups that
this group is a member of.
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Group and Member objects –
OpenLDAP (continued)
• Member objects
• isMemberOf – names of groups that this subject
is a member of.
• memberOf – LDAP entry DNs of groups that this
subject is a member of.
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Other Group Attributes
• Any group attribute in Grouper can be provisioned
to an attribute in LDAP.
• For instance, a group’s description may be kept in
the description attribute in LDAP.
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Flattened memberships vs direct
memberships only
• Depending on how LDAP is provisioned, a group’s
member attribute may be based on a flattened list
(direct and indirect) or only contain direct members.
• If only direct memberships are provisioned and a group
has another group as a member, then the first group
will still have the second group’s DN in its member list.
But applications have to take that into account when
performing queries.
• Note that if you need to get all (direct and indirect) groups
for a person, some directories (such as AD and Oracle
DSEE) can automatically get indirect memberships to avoid
multiple calls to the LDAP server.
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Tips on Performing Queries
• Set the search base correctly.
• Set the scope correctly.
• Base
• One
• Subtree
• Be aware of client and server limits (e.g. size limit and time
limit).
13
Tips on Performing Queries
(continued)
• If you want to see if a person is in a group (and flattened
memberships are provisioned), you can:
• Get all of the group’s members by retrieving the member attribute
of the group object. (Likely bad for performance.)
• Get all of the person’s groups by retrieving the memberOf attribute
of the member object. (Could be bad for performance.)
• Perform a (member=DN) query with a search base of the group’s
DN without retrieving the member attribute.
• Use the LDAP compare operation to see if the group object
contains an attribute/value pair. The attribute would be “member”
and the value would be the DN of the member object.
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Quiz
Click on the quiz link in the video
description to reinforce your knowledge of
this topic.
15
Thanks!
Further information:
•
Infosheets, mailing lists, wiki, downloads, etc.:
www.internet2.edu/grouper
•
Grouper demo server:
grouperdemo.internet2.edu/
•
Grouper Online Training Home:
spaces.internet2.edu/x/IIGfAQ
This work licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
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