China`s Scientific Data Sharing Initiatives and Future Perspective

Report
China’s Scientific Data Sharing Initiatives
and Future Perspective
Pro. Peng, Jie ([email protected])
Dr. Liu, Runda ([email protected])
5 March 2012, Paris, Delivering data to science
Institute of Scientific & Technical Information of China
1
Agenda
1. The Progress of Scientific Data Sharing
Projects in China
2. Our Work in Scientific data Sharing
3. Conclusion & Outlook
2
1
The Progress of SDSP in
China
3
Scientific Data Sharing
• The Sharing of Scientific Data is important.
• two types of sharing: sharing activities among resource
holding bodies vs. sharing service between resource holding
bodies and users.
• Public Domain Data, Data the with the feature of Grey
(greyData), Commercial data
China Scientific Data Sharing Project
• In 1982,Chinese Academy of sciences(CAS) Proposed the
project of “Scientific database and information system”
• In 1988,together with relating agencies and research
institutes, CAS built World Data Center China Centers, and
formed China Committee of Codata.
• In 2001,Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)
conducted series of investigation and released series of
reports. In the same year, meteorology data sharing pilot
project was launched.
5
China Scientific Data Sharing Project(Cont.)
• In 2003, Ministry of Finance start allocate special
funding for MOST to construct China Scientific
Infrastructure, Scientific Data Sharing Projects
(SDSP) are among it.
• Under the framework of SDSP, a comprehensive
scientific data sharing activities was started. 24
government agencies involved in the building of 8
platforms in the field of Agriculture, Earth System
Science, population and health etc. in the first
stage.
6
Development stage of SDSP
Comprehensive
Operation and
construction stage service
Experiment stage
Optimization and
service
National Scientific Data
Sharing Network Pilots
National Scientific Data
center pilots
Spread of scientific data
sharing network
Law and regulation
Spread of national data
center
Preliminary
research
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
The whole view of SDSP
• SDSP was developed under comprehensive plan at the national
level. (regulations and management structure, 263 standards
and criteria)
• Data of public good in different government sectors were put
into a common sharing framework. (10 data centers or service
network, 100 branches and nodes)
The whole view of SDSP(Cont.)
• SDSP make all these data accessible to all interested users at
an affordable cost or free if possible(3000 databases for basic
research and public welfare, 200 institutions, 140 TB data)
• SDSP form a multi-tiled, cross agency, cross geographic
location, cross discipline distributed scientific data sharing
system that bridge the gap between different data holding
agencies and institutes of public good and users.(A statistics
of 2009, 170, 000 registered users, 62 M visits, 430 TB
download)
http://www.sciencedata.cn9
More results
• An open mindset is formed in scientific data field
– Regional SDSP was set up
– Seeking a lot of joint Scientific Data Exchange programs,
like HKH program with ICSITC
– China actively participated in Codata
– China also take part in WDC(now world data system) All
WDC in China took part in SDSP since 2002.
10
2
Works relating Scientific
data Sharing in ISTIC
11
Main duty
• Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of
China(ISTIC) is the only research institute affiliated with the
Ministry of Science & Technology of China (MOST) conducting
S&T Information research & service.
• We collecting S&T literature. we also collecting other type of
S&T information
• Resource Sharing and Promotion center (RSPC) conducting
research and practice including(not limited):
– S&T resource management Theory studies (start from
2006, investigations, regulations etc.)
– S&T information resource sharing technical solutions
12
2.1
Scientific data DOI in China
13
DOI Registration Agency in China
• ISTIC in conjunction with WANGFANG Data Group became
China’s only DOI® Registration Agency in March, 2007.
• The agency focus on the development of Chinese language
platform and gateway for DOI name use and are trying to
attract metadata registration by building relating
infrastructure.
• The project start from Chinese journal article and scientific
data, expanding to books and thesis.
14
The Progress of Scientific Data DOI in China
• DOI name Coding Regulation
• Metadata Description Standards
• Service Platform Construction for Scientific data in Chinese
Language, Provide DOI resolution and retrieval services
• Provide linking between data and journal articles.
• Build up Service Alliance, Registration of 15K natural S&T
resources plus other more.
15
2.2
Scientific Data Classification and
navigation system
16
Scientific Data Classification and navigation system
• platform for scientific data resource information on the
internet (metadata).
• The system accelerate DOI registration and application of
Scientific Data.
• classify distributed scientific data resource on the internet
effectively
• Help improve the standard of scientific data resources in
China and provide fast navigation and link.
Multi-facet Keyword and Classification Connection
mechanism
• organize scientific data resource catalogue
– Dynamic multi-facet classification and keyword
connection indexing method
– designs ranking scheme based on the weight of
classification and keyword connection.
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3
Conclusion & Outlook
20
Conclusion
• SDSP is a government effort to promote the sharing of
Scientific Data: Big budget, new Drive?
• Theoretical foundation is important: Scientific Data Sharing is
the transfer of certain rights of Scientific Data.
• Technical endeavor: DOI registration, Linking, classification will
help the management of Scientific Data resources.
21
Future focus
• Data publish (a long way to go)
– Datacenter view
– Publisher view
– Funding agency view
• how to evaluate the result of data sharing infrastructures? It is
important to build a third party evaluation mechanism.
– The evaluation of data resource construction
– Portal Information Architecture evaluation
– Database function evaluation
• Pro. Peng, Jie ([email protected])
• Dr. Liu, Runda ([email protected])
• 5 March 2012, Paris, Delivering data to science
• Institute of Scientific & Technical Information of China
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