The Membrane Technology Consultants

Report
The Maritime Alliance
August 23, 2012
James C. Vickers, P.E.
Vice President
Separation Processes, Inc.
3156 Lionshead Ave. Suite 2
Carlsbad, CA 92010
T: 760-400-3660
www.spi-engineering.com
[email protected]
SPI – “The Membrane Technology Consultants”
AGENDA
• Water Supply
Perspective
• RO Technology
– Membranes
– Systems
• SPI Capabilities
Importance of Water in United States
• Agriculture
• Municipal
• Industrial
Importance of Water in United States
• Agriculture
• Municipal
• Industrial
California Water Challenges
• Surface Water
– Snowmelt
– Transportation
– Environmental
California Water Challenges
• Groundwater
– Quality Degradation
• Nitrates (Agriculture and CAFO)
• Seawater Intrusion
– Overdrafting
Meeting Water Supply Challenges with
Technology
• Water Recycling (Developed)
– Irrigation (Title 22)
– Indirect Potable Reuse (Recharge)
• Orange Co. GWRS (Water Factory 21)
• West Basin Municipal Water District
• Seawater (Development)
–
–
–
–
Carlsbad
Los Angeles
Orange County
Monterey
Reverse Osmosis
Reverse Osmosis History
• 1950’s - 60’s: Seawater Desalination Effort
– Lead by UCLA
– Development of Loeb-Sourirajan Membrane
•
RO Membrane Development
–
–
–
–
•
1964: Cellulose Acetate Membrane
1967: Spiral Wound Configuration
1976: Polyamide “Thin Film Composite” Membrane
Commercialization of RO Systems
Late- 1970’s - 1980’s
– Split of RO Systems from Element Manufacturing
– Softening (NF) Membranes
•
1990’s
– Lower Energy Membranes
– Higher Rejection Membranes
– MF/UF Commercialization
•
2000’s
– Integration of RO Membranes with MF/UF Systems
First Spiral Wound
Reverse Osmosis Module
General Atomic (San Diego, CA) circa 1964
Photo courtesy of
Fluid Systems Corporation
Major RO Manufacturers
Manufacturer
Location of US Manufacturing
Hydranautics (Nitto-Denko)
Oceanside, CA
DOW-Filmtec
Midland, MI
GE (Desal-Osmonics)
Vista, CA
CSM
Anahiem, CA
Toray
Poway, CA
Koch Membrane Systems
(GA – Fluid Systems)
San Diego, CA (formerly)
Trisep
Goleta, CA
Introduction to SPI
SPI – “The Membrane Technology Consultants”
SPI National and International
Experience
Hawaii – 3 Projects
Australia – 10 Projects
Canada – 5 Projects
13
Advancements in Membrane Treatment Technology
0.14
OCWD Hydranautics ESPA2
OCWD Hydranautics LFC1
OCWD Dow/FilmTec BW30-FR-400
WBMWD Hydranautics ESPA2
WBMWD Hydranautics LFC1
WBMWD Dow/FilmTec BW30-FR
Specific Flux (gfd/psi)
0.12
0.10
0.08
0.06
0.04
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
Run time (hours)
•
•
•
•
Membrane Element Evaluations
Membrane System Design
Integrated Membrane Systems
Water and Wastewater Applications
6000
Advancements in RO Systems
• Large diameter RO – 16 inch
and 18 inch membrane elements
• 18 inch Manufacturers: Koch
• 16 inch Manufacturers:
Toray, Dow, Hydranautics, CSM
• Space savings
• Install savings
City of Scottsdale
18 inch RO Train
Process Monitoring and
Optimization Services
Real World Operational Experience
Thirty (30) Distinct Membrane Facilities Monitored
Current
MF/UF
Support
SPISPI
Current
MF/UF
Support
= =
SPI
SPICurrent
CurrentRO/NF
RO/NFSupport
Support==
Support
Services
mgd
Capacity
20 Distinct
Membrane
Facilities Totaling >500
20 Distinct
Membrane
Facilities
200
200mgd
mgdCapacity
Capacity
4
1
4
CSM
CSM
Siemens
Siemens
1
8
8
Pall Pall
11
88
66
Dow/FilmTec
Dow/FilmTec
33
7
7
Zenon
Zenon
NoritNorit
44
44
Toray
Toray
Koch
KochFluid
FluidSystems
Systems
Hydranautics
Hydranautics
GE
GEOsmonics
Osmonics
Optimization –
Energy Costs Versus Operating Costs
Net Revenue, $/year
RO Groundwater Desalter
CIP Interval, days
Thank You!
Questions?

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