Slide 1

Report
Road maintenance and road
charging in the European
Policy context
Bringing Policy &
Practice Together
IRF summit
11-12 December 2013
Transport
Road maintenance – an EU-wide problem
Transport
Road maintenance – an EU-wide problem
• Between 1995 and 2009 (EU15):
• +40% motorways (EC)
• +20% investment in inland
transport infrastructure (ITF)
• GERMANY: road maintenance
funding gap of €2.5 billion/year
(Daehre Kommission, 2012)
• FRANCE: cumulated transport infrastructure deficit
projected to grow by €130 billion in 20 years (Cercle
des transports, 2012)
• UNITED KINGDOM: € 5 billion/year projected road
deficit (McKinsey, 2011)
• POLAND: expenditure on maintenance of national roads
covers 62% of the needs (Ernst&Young, 2012)
Transport
Public (budget) financing – problems?
Insufficient spending
Irregular spending
Transport
Solution – self-financing roads with
fair and efficient road pricing
Road tolls:
• Support or replace public sources to finance
maintenance expenditure
• Constitute a stable source of money to allow long
term maintenance planning
• Send price signals to the users to shape more
sustainable mobility behaviour:
•
•
•
avoiding peak hour congestion
reducing unnecessary trips
accelerating fleet renewal
Transport
Current EU legislative framework
for road charging
• No specific legislation on car tolls
• Mandatory interoperability of electronic tolls
(Directive 2004/52/EC "EETS")
• Directive 1999/62/EC ("Eurovignette") regulates
road user charges for heavy goods vehicles on the
main road network
•
•
•
•
Deployment of road charges not mandatory
Time-based (vignettes) or distance-based (tolls)
Maximum, but no minimum tolls
No obligation to reinvest revenues in transport
CONSEQUENCE: A patchwork of different systems
across the EU
Transport
Road charging in EU Member States (1) –
technical solutions
Transport
Road charging in EU Member States
(2) – network coverage
Charged roads (HGVs) as % of total motorway and national road network.
120%
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Transport
Road charging in EU Member States
(3) – toll levels
Transport
Road charging in EU Member States (4)
– use of revenues
• General budget - "Eurovignette countries"
• "Road fund" – PL, HU, SK, RO
• Management of conceded network – FR, IT, ES, SI,
GR, PT
• Earmarking to transport in general (road, rail…) –
eg. CZ, DE
• Special cases, e.g. BG: revenues only used for
maintenance
• Hybrid cases, e.g. FR (concession + financing HST);
DK, BE (vignette to general budget, tolls to finance
road projects)
Transport
Future of EU legislation on road
charging (1)
• 2011 White Paper, initiative 39:
"Phase I (up to 2016)
Transport charges and taxes should be restructured (…)
• Phase in a mandatory infrastructure charge for heavy-goods
vehicles. The scheme would introduce a common tariff structure
and cost components such as the recovery of wear and tear,
noise and local pollution costs to replace the existing user
charges.
• Create a framework for earmarking revenues from transport for
the development of an integrated and efficient transport system
Phase II (2016-2020)
• Building on Phase I, proceed to the full and mandatory
internalisation of external costs (including noise, local pollution
and congestion on top of the mandatory recovery of wear and
tear costs) for road and rail transport(…)."
Transport
Future of EU legislation on road
charging (2)
• New legislation is needed to facilitate harmonised
transition to infrastructure funding based on the
user-pays and polluter-pays principles.
• A proposal is under consideration by the
Commission.
It is also recalled that:
• Directive 1999/62/EC (revised) Art. 11.2:
"By 16 October 2015, the Commission (…) shall present a report to
the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation and
effectiveness of the provisions [of the Directive].
The report shall be accompanied, if appropriate, by a proposal to
the European Parliament and the Council for further revision of the
Directive."
Transport
Thank you for your attention
• Jan Szulczyk – Policy Officer
• [email protected]
• http://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/road/ro
ad_charging/index_en.htm
Transport

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