Christina Endres
[email protected]
Get to Know NCHE…
• NCHE has:
• A comprehensive website:
• A free helpline: Call 800-308-2145 or e-mail
[email protected]
• A listserv: visit
for subscription instructions
• Free resources at
Who Qualifies For Services?
• Students who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate
nighttime residence, including:
• Doubling up
• Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping
grounds due to the lack of adequate alternative
• Living in emergency or transitional shelters
• Abandoned in hospitals
Who Qualifies?
• Awaiting foster care placement
• Living in a public or private place not
designed for humans to live
• Living in cars, parks, abandoned
buildings, substandard housing, bus or
train stations, or a similar setting
• Migratory children living in the above
• Unaccompanied youth living in the
above circumstances
Ms. Johnson calls the district liaison to notify him
that she & her family are homeless after losing
their apartment. Her husband & older child are
staying with a relative across town. She & their
other child are staying with a different relative, her
grandfather. After discovering his dementia is far
worse than anyone knew, she & her daughter
don’t plan to leave her grandfather’s home
anytime soon.
• Is anyone in this scenario homeless?
• Sharing housing due to loss of housing,
economic hardship, or similar reason
• Considerations:
• Why did the family move in together? Due to
a crisis or by mutual choice as a plan for
mutual benefit?
• How permanent is the living arrangement
intended to be?
• Where would the family live if not doubling
• Is the living arrangement fixed, regular, and
Kids who are eligible under McKinney-Vento
can attend any school since they don’t have
a residence to dictate where they attend.
• True or False?
School Selection
• Local Attendance Area School
• Any school students living in the same
attendance area are eligible to attend
• School of Origin
• School attended when permanently housed;
• School in which the student was last enrolled
School Selection
• Liaison determines in consultation with parent,
guardian, or UHY
• Keep student in school of origin to the extent
feasible unless this conflicts with parent,
guardian, or UHY’s wishes
• Dispute resolution process used to mediate
disagreements on eligibility or enrollment
Homeless families can be considered
homeless for up to 12 months.
• True or False?
Homelessness can be associated with lower
scores on standardized tests in spelling,
reading, and math.
• True or False?
School of Origin
If feasible & in the student’s best interest
• For duration of homelessness
• For rest of school year in which obtain stable
• For following school year if homelessness
occurs in the summer
Feasibility refers to a school district’s
capacity to provide transportation to the
school of origin.
• True or False?
School of Origin and Feasibility
• Feasibility factors listed in U.S. Department
of Education Guidance:
• Age of the child or youth
• Distance of commute and impact it may have
on the student's education
• Personal safety issues
• Student's need for special instruction (e.g.,
special education and related services)
• Length of anticipated stay in a temporary
shelter or other temporary location
• Time remaining in the school year
How Is Feasibility Determined?
• Determine best interest, then determine feasibility
• Determining best interest is a case-by-case
• No specific time or distance limit placed on
transporting a homeless child to school of origin;
consider the unique situation of the student and
how transportation will affect the student’s
Transportation must be provided to the
school of origin for homeless students, even
if it’s not typically provided to other
• True or False?
• To school of origin: Required if requested & in
student’s best interest
• Other: Comparable to that provided for
housed students
• Interdistrict: Common agreement between
districts or 50/50 split on cost &
• Mode: District chooses any option that
provides safe, on-time transportation
• Avoid stigma
McKinney-Vento only addresses the needs
of K-12 children experiencing homelessness.
• True or False?
Young Homeless Children
• Local liaisons must ensure children have access to
Head Start and other public preschool programs
• Homeless children are categorically eligible for
Head Start
• Prioritize for enrollment
• Same requirement to enroll, then locate paperwork
• Child Find (IDEA ) requires young homeless children
are identified, evaluated, and served
All unaccompanied youth are homeless.
• True or False?
Unaccompanied Homeless Youth
Must determine eligibility
• As homeless &
• Unaccompanied Youth
• Not in physical custody of parent or
• Liaison support for school selection &
dispute resolution
Unaccompanied Homeless Youth
• Age limits
• Lower: No lower age limit
• Upper: Your state’s upper age limit for
public education
• Must focus on fixed, regular, and adequate
nature of housing over reason they left
home (choice, no choice)
The School’s Charge
• Schools first and foremost are educational agencies
• Schools’ primary responsibility and goal is to enroll
and educate, in accordance with the McKinneyVento Act; federal law supersedes state and local law
or policy
• Schools do not need to know and/or agree with all
aspects of a student’s home life to educate the
Unaccompanied Youth: Strategies
• Develop caretaker forms, self-enrollment forms,
and other forms to replace typical proof of
• Become familiar with state and local policies
related to unaccompanied youth (medical
consent and reporting)
• Be willing to provide extra supports and
• Brief on Unaccompanied Homeless Youth:
For more information
Christina Endres
[email protected]
NCHE helpline: 800-308-2145 or
[email protected]
NCHE website:

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