HINDUISM - ESM School District

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HINDUISM
The Oldest World Religion
SOUTH ASIAN SUBCONTINENT
2500 -1500 BCE
The Aryan
Invaders Mixed
with the Indus
River Valley
Civilization
Himalaya Mts.
Hindu Kush Mts.
Indus River Valley
Ganges River
Deccan Plateau
Monsoons
PAKISTAN, INDIA, BANGLADESH, NEPAL
ARYAN INVADERS
MIXED
THEIR BELIEFS
WITH LOCAL INDUS
VALLEY DRAVIDIAN
BELIEFS
POLYTHEISM
The Gods
Brahman - Creator
Vishnu- Preserver
Ganesha- wisdom and remover
of obstacles
Shiva- Destroyer
Rama
Hinduism has
no single holy books
but many sacred writings
Vedas
Upanishads
Ramayana
Mahabharata
Bhagavad Gita.
,
KARMA
· Your past life actions
have an influence on
your current life.
What goes around comes
around.
· Do your dharma to get good karma.
REINCARNATION
· THE REBIRTH OF THE SOUL IN NEW
FORM. EACH SOUL IS A TINY BIT OF
BRAHMAN. REBIRTH IS AUTOMATIC AS
A PLANT OR ANIMAL. ONCE HUMAN, IT
DEPENDS ON KARMA.
The Goal: MOKSHA
An end
to the cycle
of rebirth
and suffering.
To rejoin
with Brahman (the
Universal Soul or
God).
HINDU PRACTICES
Caste System
· Based on Job
· Based on Heredity
· Must do one’s
dharma (caste duties)
to progress.
· Provided order and
social stability
THE CASTES
BRAHMIN: priests and
teachers
KSHATRIYA: warriors and
administrators
VAISHYAS: producers,
craftsmen, farmers
SHUDRAS: menial workers
UNTOUCHABLES:Garbage
workers, sewer workers,
grave diggers
AHIMSA - Nonviolence
Jainism
· Hurt no creature

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