Dramatic Terms • Drama - A story that is written to be acted out in front of an audience. Act vs. Scene • Act -> Larger unit of play • Scene -> Smaller units • Write out act and scene in this format: – II.ii – Act II, scene ii Dramatic Irony • Occurs when the reader or the audience knows something important that a character in a story or drama does not know. Anachronism • An event or detail in a literary work that is placed outside its proper historical time period. • For example, a nineteenth-century poet composing lyrics on a word processor. Aside • Private words that a character in a play speaks to the audience or to another character, which are not supposed to be overheard by others onstage. Monologue • Long, uninterrupted speech made by one character. Soliloquy • A long speech in which a character who is alone onstage expresses private thoughts or feelings. Pun • A play on the multiple meanings of a word, or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings. Tragedy and History Plays • A tragedy is a play, novel, or other narrative depicting serious and important events, in which the main character comes to an unhappy end, often through some character flaw or weakness. • History play discussion will come later. Tragic Flaw • Weakness in a character who shows errors in judgment usually due to an obsession with power. Tragic Hero • Usually a basically good and admirable person who fails in opposing the forces that contribute to his fatal end. This person has the potential for greatness but is blinded by his greed and need for power.